International Tennis Federation

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International Tennis Federation
(ITF)
International Tennis Federation logo.svg
Formation March 1, 1913; 101 years ago (1913-03-01)
Type Federation of national associations
Headquarters London, England, UK
Membership 206 national associations
Official language
English
President
Francesco Ricci Bitti
Website www.itftennis.com

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, made up of 210 national tennis associations or corresponding organizations of independent countries or territories.[citation needed][1]

It was established as the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) by 12 national associations meeting at a conference in Paris, France on 1 March 1913, and discussions on rules and policy continued through 1923. It was at this time that two compromises were reached: the title 'world championships' would be abolished and wording would be 'for ever in the English language'.[2] In 1924 it became the officially recognised organisation with authority to control lawn tennis throughout the world, with official 'ILTF Rules of Tennis'. In 1977 it dropped the word 'lawn' from its title, recognising that most tennis was no longer played on grass.

Originally based in Paris, its funds were moved to London, England during World War II; from that time onward the ITF has been run from London. Until 1987, the ITF was based at Wimbledon, it then moved to Barons Court, near Queens Club, and then moved again in 1998 to the Bank of England Sports Ground, Roehampton.[3]

Its official annual is The ITF Year, describing the activities of the ITF over last 12 months. This replaced World of Tennis, which was the official annual from 1969 to 2001.

Function[edit]

The ITF operates the three major national team competitions in the sport, the Davis Cup for men, the Fed Cup for women and the Hopman Cup, mixed teams. The ITF sanctions the four grand slams: the Australian Open, the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open.

While the ATP Tour and WTA Tour control most other high-level professional tournaments, the ITF runs developmental professional tours for men and women. The ITF Men's Circuit consists of Futures tournaments with prize funds of USD 10,000 or USD 15,000. Medium level men's tournaments are run by the ATP through the ATP Challenger Tour. The ITF previously also ran four-week satellite tournaments of roughly the same quality level as Futures tournaments, but they were discontinued after the 2006 season. The ITF Women's Circuit incorporates both lower and mid-level tournaments, with prize funds ranging from USD 10,000 to USD 100,000. Virtually every ATP and WTA player started by playing on the ITF circuits.

The ITF is responsible for maintaining an international under-18 junior circuit for boys and girls, as well as a wheelchair tennis circuit.

ITN[edit]

The International Tennis Number (ITN) [4] is an international tennis rating system that gives tennis players a number that represents their general level of play. Players are rated from ITN 1 (ATP or WTA standard or equivalent) to 10 (starter players).

Conversion charts have been developed linking the ITN to other existing rating systems in ITF tennis nations and in time it is hoped that every tennis player worldwide will have a rating.

Below ITN 10 there are 3 further categories linked to the slower balls:

• 10.1 for players using green balls on the full-size court

• 10.2 for players using orange balls on the 18 metre court

• 10.3 for players using red balls on the 11 metre court

Once players can ‘serve, rally and score’ they should have a rating to help them find players of a similar level to play with.

IPIN[edit]

In late 2004, the ITF initiated a new player registration process, IPIN (International Player Identification Number).[5] This is online based and was implemented to handle the large number of players around the world. A player's IPIN, which is 3 letters followed by 7 numbers, is assigned upon registration and is required for all ITF events. A player's IPIN will not change during the course of his or her career.[6] Once registered, players can use the website to access items such as tournament information such as their code of conduct.[7][8] Fees vary depending on the ITF circuit chosen by the player.

Controversy[edit]

In 2013, the ITF Board of Directors found that the Tunisian Tennis Federation had 'breached the ITF Constitution by interfering with international sporting practice and ordering Tunisian player Malek Jaziri not to compete against Israeli player Amir Weintraub at the 2013 Tashkent Challenger in October. The Board ... voted to suspend Tunisia from the 2014 Davis Cup competition."[9] ITF president Francesco Ricci Bitti said: 'There is no room for prejudice of any kind in sport or in society. The ITF Board decided to send a strong message to the Tunisian Tennis Federation that this kind of action will not be tolerated.'[9]

ITF World Champions[edit]

Seniors[edit]

Year Men's singles Women's singles Men's doubles Women's doubles
1978 Sweden Björn Borg United States Chris Evert
1979 United States Martina Navratilova
1980 United States Chris Evert-Lloyd
1981 United States John McEnroe
1982 United States Jimmy Connors United States Martina Navratilova
1983 United States John McEnroe
1984
1985 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl
1986
1987 Germany Steffi Graf
1988 Sweden Mats Wilander
1989 Germany Boris Becker
1990 Czech Republic Ivan Lendl
1991 Sweden Stefan Edberg Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles
1992 United States Jim Courier
1993 United States Pete Sampras Germany Steffi Graf
1994 Flag of Spain.svg Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
1995 Germany Steffi Graf
1996 Australia Todd Woodbridge &
Australia Mark Woodforde
United States Lindsay Davenport &
United States Mary Joe Fernández
1997 Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport &
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
1998 United States Lindsay Davenport Netherlands Jacco Eltingh &
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
United States Lindsay Davenport &
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1999 United States Andre Agassi Switzerland Martina Hingis India Mahesh Bhupathi &
India Leander Paes
Switzerland Martina Hingis &
Russia Anna Kournikova
2000 Brazil Gustavo Kuerten Australia Todd Woodbridge &
Australia Mark Woodforde
France Julie Halard-Decugis &
Japan Ai Sugiyama
2001 Australia Lleyton Hewitt United States Jennifer Capriati Sweden Jonas Björkman &
Australia Todd Woodbridge
United States Lisa Raymond &
Australia Rennae Stubbs
2002 United States Serena Williams Canada Daniel Nestor &
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual &
Argentina Paola Suárez
2003 United States Andy Roddick Belgium Justine Henin-Hardenne United States Bob Bryan &
United States Mike Bryan
2004 Switzerland Roger Federer Russia Anastasia Myskina
2005 Belgium Kim Clijsters United States Lisa Raymond &
Australia Samantha Stosur
2006 Belgium Justine Henin
2007 Zimbabwe Cara Black &
United States Liezel Huber
2008 Spain Rafael Nadal Serbia Jelena Janković Canada Daniel Nestor &
Serbia Nenad Zimonjić
2009 Switzerland Roger Federer United States Serena Williams United States Bob Bryan &
United States Mike Bryan
United States Serena Williams &
United States Venus Williams
2010 Spain Rafael Nadal Denmark Caroline Wozniacki Argentina Gisela Dulko &
Italy Flavia Pennetta
2011 Serbia Novak Djokovic Czech Republic Petra Kvitová Czech Republic Květa Peschke &
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
2012 United States Serena Williams Italy Sara Errani &
Italy Roberta Vinci
2013

Source: World Champions Men and World Champions Women at ITF Tennis.

Juniors[edit]

Year Singles 1978-2003 Doubles 1982-2003
Boys Girls Boys Girls
1978 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
1979 Ecuador Raúl Viver United States Mary-Lou Piatek
1980 France Thierry Tulasne United States Susan Mascarin
1981 Australia Pat Cash United States Zina Garrison
1982 France Guy Forget United States Gretchen Rush Mexico Fernando Pérez United States Beth Herr
1983 Sweden Stefan Edberg France Pascale Paradis Australia Mark Kratzmann Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
1984 Australia Mark Kratzmann Argentina Gabriela Sabatini Mexico Agustín Moreno Argentina Mercedes Paz
1985 Italy Claudio Pistolesi Italy Laura Garrone Czechoslovakia Petr Korda

Czechoslovakia Cyril Suk

Argentina Mariana Perez-Roldan

Argentina Patricia Tarabini

1986 Spain Javier Sánchez Argentina Patricia Tarabini Spain Tomás Carbonell Soviet Union Leila Meskhi
1987 Australia Jason Stoltenberg Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva Australia Jason Stoltenberg Soviet Union Natalia Medvedeva
1988 Venezuela Nicolas Pereira Argentina Cristina Tessi Czechoslovakia David Rikl

Czechoslovakia Tomáš Anzari

Australia Jo-Anne Faull
1989 Sweden Nicklas Kulti Argentina Florencia Labat South Africa Wayne Ferreira Czechoslovakia Andrea Strnadová
1990 Italy Andrea Gaudenzi Czechoslovakia Karina Habšudová Sweden Marten Renström Czechoslovakia Karina Habšudová
1991 Sweden Thomas Enqvist Czechoslovakia Zdeňka Málková Morocco Karim Alami Belgium Nancy Feber
Czechoslovakia Eva Martincová
1992 United States Brian Dunn Paraguay Rossana de los Ríos Mexico Enrique Abaroa Belgium Laurence Courtois
1993 Chile Marcelo Ríos Georgia (country) Nino Louarsabishvili New Zealand Steven Downs United States Cristina Moros
1994 Argentina Federico Browne Switzerland Martina Hingis Australia Benjamin Ellwood Slovakia Martina Nedelkova
1995 Argentina Mariano Zabaleta Russia Anna Kournikova Venezuela Kepler Orellana Czech Republic Ludmila Varmužová
1996 France Sébastien Grosjean France Amélie Mauresmo France Sébastien Grosjean Czech Republic Jitka Schönfeldová

Czech Republic Michaela Paštiková

1997 France Arnaud Di Pasquale Zimbabwe Cara Black Chile Nicolás Massú Kazakhstan Irina Selyutina

Zimbabwe Cara Black

1998 Switzerland Roger Federer Australia Jelena Dokić VenezuelaJosé de Armas Denmark Eva Dyrberg
1999 Denmark Kristian Pless Russia Lina Krasnoroutskaya France Julien Benneteau

France Nicolas Mahut

Czech Republic Daniela Bedáňová
2000 United States Andy Roddick Argentina María Emilia Salerni United Kingdom Lee Childs

United Kingdom James Nelson

Argentina María Emilia Salerni
2001 Luxembourg Gilles Müller Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova Mexico Bruno Echagaray

Mexico Santiago González

Czech Republic Petra Cetkovská
2002 France Richard Gasquet Czech Republic Barbora Strýcová Romania Florin Mergea

Romania Horia Tecău

Belgium Elke Clijsters
2003 Cyprus Marcos Baghdatis Belgium Kirsten Flipkens United States Scott Oudsema Czech Republic Andrea Hlaváčková
Combined ranking 2004-present
Year Boys Girls
2004 France Gaël Monfils Netherlands Michaëlla Krajicek
2005 United States Donald Young Belarus Victoria Azarenka
2006 Netherlands Thiemo de Bakker Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
2007 Lithuania Ričardas Berankis Poland Urszula Radwańska
2008 Chinese Taipei Yang Tsung-hua Thailand Noppawan Lertcheewakarn
2009 Sweden Daniel Berta France Kristina Mladenovic
2010 Colombia Juan Sebastián Gómez Russia Daria Gavrilova
2011 Czech Republic Jiří Veselý Russia Irina Khromacheva
2012 Canada Filip Peliwo United States Taylor Townsend
2013 Germany Alexander Zverev Switzerland Belinda Bencic

Source: World Champions Juniors at ITF Tennis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Member National Associations" (PDF). ITF. January 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ Max Robertson (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis: 100 Years of Great Players and Events. The Viking Press. p. 87. 
  3. ^ History of the ITF
  4. ^ International Tennis Number site
  5. ^ "ITF Launches Player Pin". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  6. ^ "What is an IPIN". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  7. ^ "IPIN Introduction". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  8. ^ "IPIN Registration". Retrieved March 15, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Tunisia suspended from Davis Cup over Malek Jaziri order | Tennis News". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′32″N 0°15′19″W / 51.45889°N 0.25528°W / 51.45889; -0.25528