Mahmud Shah Durrani

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Mahmud Shah Durrani
محمود شاه درانی (King Mahmud II)
King of Afghanistan
Mahmud Shah Durrani.jpg
Mahmud Shah Durrani, the fourth ruler of Durranids.
Reign Durrani Empire: 1801–1803, 1809–1818
Full name Mahmud Shah Durrani
Born 1769
Died April 18, 1829
Predecessor Zaman Shah Durrani
Successor Shahzada Kamran Durrani
Dynasty Durrani dynasty
Father Timur Shah Durrani

Mahmud Shah Durrani (1769 – April 18, 1829; Pashto, Persian, Arabic: محمود شاہ درانی) was born Prince and ruler of the Durrani Empire (Afghanistan) between 1801 and 1803, and again between 1809 and 1818. An ethnic Sadozai tribe section of the Popalzai sub clan of Durrani Abdali Pashtun, he was the son of Timur Shah Durrani and grandson of Ahmad Shah Durrani.

His 1st and 2nd deposed[edit]

Mahmud Shah Durrani was the half-brother of his predecessor, Zaman Shah.On July 25, 1801, Zaman Shah was deposed, and Mahmud Shah ascended to ruler-ship. He then had a chequered career; he was deposed in 1803, restored in 1809, and finally deposed again in 1818.

Trouble with Barakzai tribe[edit]

His son Shahzada Kamran Durrani was always in trouble with Amir Fateh Khan Barakzai, the brother of Dost Muhammad Khan. After the assassination of Fateh Khan Barakzai the fall of the Durrani Empires begun. King Mahmud Shah Durrani died in 1829. The country was then ruled by Shuja Shah Durrani; another of his half-brothers.

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
Aaleh Hazrat Ahmad Shah Durrani
Born: 1723–1773
Reign: 1747–1773
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aaleh Hazrat Timur Shah Durrani
Born: 1748–1793
Reign: 1772–1793
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aaleh Hazrat Mahmud Shah Durrani
Born: 1769–1803
Reign: 1801–1803,
1809–1818
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Kamran Durrani
1789–1840
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Bismillah Durrani
1810–1873
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Rasheed Khan Durrani
1832–1880
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Aalijah Nidda Durrani
1855–1926
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Mohammad Abdul Rahim Durrani
1877–1945
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Abdul Habib Khan Durrani
1899–1920
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahzada Rehmatullah Khan SaddozaiDurrani
1919–1992
 
 
 
 
 
Hayatullah Khan Durrani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohammad Abubakar Durrani {{{Mohammad Umar Durrani }}}

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Zaman Shah
Emir of Afghanistan
1801–1803
Succeeded by
Shoja Shah
Preceded by
Shoja Shah
Emir of Afghanistan
1809–1818
Succeeded by
Sultan Ali Shah