Marne (river)

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For the river of the same name in South Australia, see Marne River (South Australia).
Marne
Paul Cézanne 104.jpg
Marne River; painted by Paul Cézanne
Origin Champagne-Ardenne
Mouth Seine
48°48′57″N 2°24′40″E / 48.81583°N 2.41111°E / 48.81583; 2.41111 (Seine-Marne)Coordinates: 48°48′57″N 2°24′40″E / 48.81583°N 2.41111°E / 48.81583; 2.41111 (Seine-Marne)
Basin countries France
Length 514 km
Avg. discharge 100 m³/s
Basin area 12,800 km²

The Marne is a river in France, a right tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. It is 514 kilometres (319 mi) long.[1] The river gave its name to the départements of Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne, and Val-de-Marne.

An island in the Marne river near Chelles

The Marne starts in the Langres plateau, runs generally north then bends west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne, joining the Seine at Charenton just upstream from Paris. In the Champagne région, part of the water is led through the artificial lake Lac du Der-Chantecoq, in order to regulate the water discharge. This way, large inundations or low river levels downstream are prevented.[2]

The Celts of Gaul worshipped a goddess known as Dea Matrona ("divine mother goddess") who was associated with the Marne.

The Marne is infamous as the site of the eponymous two battles during the First World War. The first battle was a turning point of World War I, fought in 1914. The second battle was fought four years later, in 1918.

MapMarne.jpg

During the 19th and 20th centuries, the Marne inspired many painter artists among whom:

Départements and main towns crossed[edit]

Banks of the Marne at Noisy-le-Grand


References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Marne at the Sandre database" (in French). 
  2. ^ "Apprivoiser la Marne" (in French). Archived from the original on 2006-11-24. Retrieved 2006-06-02. 

External links[edit]