Mary Pickford filmography

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Advertisement, 1916.

Mary Pickford (1892–1979) was a Canadian motion picture actress, producer, and writer. During the silent film era she became one of the first great celebrities of the cinema and a popular icon known to the public as "America's Sweetheart".[1]

Pickford was born in Toronto and began acting on stage in 1900. She started her film career in the United States in 1909.[2] Initially with the Biograph film company, she moved to the Independent Motion Picture Company (IMP) in 1911, then briefly to the Majestic Film Company later that same year, followed by a return to Biograph in 1912.[3] After appearing in over 150 short films during her years with these studios she began working in features with Zukor's Famous Players Film Company, a studio which eventually became part of Paramount Pictures. By 1916 Pickford's popularity had climbed to the point that she was awarded a contract that made her a partner with Zukor and allowed her to produce her own films.[4] In 1919 Pickford teamed with D.W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, and Douglas Fairbanks to create United Artists, an organization designed to distribute their own films.[5] Following the release of Secrets (1933) Pickford retired from acting in motion pictures. However, she remained active as a producer for several years afterwards.[6] She sold her stock in United Artists in 1956.[7]

Pickford won two Academy Awards in her lifetime. The first was in 1929 when she won the award for Best Actress for her performance in Coquette.[8] The second was in 1975 when she was presented with an Honorary Academy Award "in recognition of her unique contributions to the film industry and the development of film as an artistic medium".[8] As of 2009 two of Pickford's films have been added to the National Film Registry: Tess of the Storm Country (1914) and The Poor Little Rich Girl (1917).[9] For her work in motion pictures Pickford received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 6280 Hollywood Boulevard.[10]

Unless otherwise referenced, the information presented here is derived from the web site of the American Film Institute, the filmography prepared by Library of Congress historian Christel Schmidt, and the books Mary Pickford Rediscovered by Kevin Brownlow, Mary Pickford: From Here to Hollywood by Scott Eyman, and Pickford: The Woman Who Made Hollywood by Eileen Whitfield.

"The best known woman who has ever lived, the woman who was known to more people and loved by more people than any other woman that has been in all history."

Adela Rogers St. Johns, 1981[11]

Short films[edit]

Biograph (1909)[edit]

Mary Pickford began working for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company in April 1909 and remained with the company until the end of 1910.[12][13] During this period Pickford made 43 films released in 1909, plus a 44th film that was not released. Most of these films are one-reelers while the remaining films are split-reelers (i.e. one of two films released on the same reel).

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
May 25, 1909 Two Memories Yes Marion's sister D.W. Griffith Split-reel
May 31, 1909 His Duty Yes One of the children on the street D.W. Griffith Split-reel
June 7, 1909 The Violin Maker of Cremona Yes Giannina, Taddeo's Daughter D.W. Griffith
June 10, 1909 The Lonely Villa Yes One of the Cullison Children D.W. Griffith Split-reel
June 14, 1909 The Son's Return Yes Mary Clark D.W. Griffith
June 17, 1909 Faded Lilies Yes Girl at Party D.W. Griffith Split-reel
June 17, 1909 Her First Biscuits Yes Biscuit Victim D.W. Griffith Split-reel
The first film that Pickford made
June 24, 1909 The Peach-Basket Hat Yes Woman on the Street and in Store D.W. Griffith Split-reel
June 28, 1909 The Way of Man Yes Winnie, Mabel's Cousin D.W. Griffith
July 1, 1909 The Necklace Yes The Maid in the Pawnshop D.W. Griffith
July 8, 1909 The Country Doctor Yes Poor Mother's Elder Daughter D.W. Griffith
July 12, 1909 The Cardinal's Conspiracy Yes The Señorita D.W. Griffith
July 15, 1909 Tender Hearts Yes Nellie D.W. Griffith Split-reel
July 19, 1909 The Renunciation Yes Kittie Ryan D.W. Griffith
July 22, 1909 Sweet and Twenty Yes Alice D.W. Griffith Split-reel
July 29, 1909 The Slave Yes A Young Girl at Court D.W. Griffith
August 9, 1909 They Would Elope Yes Bessie D.W. Griffith
August 19, 1909 His Wife's Visitor Yes Bessie Wright D.W. Griffith
August 23, 1909 The Indian Runner's Romance Yes Blue Cloud's Wife D.W. Griffith
August 26, 1909 "Oh, Uncle!" Yes Bessie D.W. Griffith Split-reel
August 26, 1909 The Seventh Day Yes The Maid D.W. Griffith Split-reel
September 2, 1909 The Little Darling Yes The Little Darling D.W. Griffith
September 2, 1909 The Sealed Room Yes A Lady-in-Waiting D.W. Griffith
September 6, 1909 1776, or The Hessian Renegades Yes A member of the soldier's family D.W. Griffith
September 13, 1909 Getting Even Yes Yes Miss Lucy D.W. Griffith Split-reel
September 16, 1909 The Broken Locket Yes Ruth King D.W. Griffith
September 20, 1909 In Old Kentucky Yes Homecoming Party D.W. Griffith
September 30, 1909 The Awakening Yes Yes The Widow's Daughter D.W. Griffith
October 11, 1909 The Little Teacher Yes The Little Teacher D.W. Griffith
October 18, 1909 His Lost Love Yes Mary D.W. Griffith
October 25, 1909 In the Watches of the Night Yes Girl at Brainard's D.W. Griffith
October 28, 1909 Lines of White on a Sullen Sea Yes Second Couple D.W. Griffith
November 1, 1909 The Gibson Goddess Yes Girl on Sidewalk D.W. Griffith Split-reel
November 1, 1909 What's Your Hurry? Yes Mary D.W. Griffith Split-reel
November 8, 1909 The Restoration Yes Alice Ashford D.W. Griffith
November 11, 1909 The Light That Came Yes Vivian and Daisy D.W. Griffith
November 18, 1909 A Midnight Adventure Yes Eleanor D.W. Griffith Split-reel
November 25, 1909 The Mountaineer's Honor Yes Harum-Scarum, a Mountain Girl D.W. Griffith
November 29, 1909 The Trick That Failed Yes Nellie Burt D.W. Griffith Split-reel
December 6, 1909 Through the Breakers Yes An extra D.W. Griffith
December 16, 1909 The Test Yes Bessie D.W. Griffith
December 27, 1909 To Save Her Soul Yes Agnes Hailey D.W. Griffith
December 30, 1909 The Day After Yes D.W. Griffith Split-reel
unreleased The Heart of an Outlaw Yes The Outlaw's Daughter D.W. Griffith

Biograph (1910)[edit]

Pickford appeared in 34 Biograph films released in 1910. All of these films are one-reelers.

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
January 15, 1910 All on Account of the Milk Yes The Young Woman Frank Powell[14]
February 3, 1910 The Woman From Mellon's Yes Mary Petersby, the Daughter D.W. Griffith
February 17, 1910 The Englishman and the Girl Yes The Girl D.W. Griffith
March 3, 1910 The Newlyweds Yes Alice Vance D.W. Griffith
March 7, 1910 The Thread of Destiny Yes Myrtle D.W. Griffith
March 24, 1910 The Twisted Trail Yes Molly Hendricks D.W. Griffith
March 31, 1910 The Smoker Yes George's Wife Frank Powell[15]
April 4, 1910 As It Is In Life Yes George Forrester's Daughter, as an Adult D.W. Griffith
April 7, 1910 A Rich Revenge Yes Jennie D.W. Griffith
April 11, 1910 A Romance of the Western Hills Yes Indian D.W. Griffith
May 5, 1910 The Unchanging Sea Yes The Daughter as an Adult D.W. Griffith
May 9, 1910 Love Among the Roses Yes The Lacemaker D.W. Griffith
May 12, 1910 The Two Brothers Yes A Mexican D.W. Griffith
May 23, 1910 Ramona Yes Ramona D.W. Griffith Based on the novel by Helen Hunt Jackson
June 2, 1910 In the Season of Buds Yes Mabel D.W. Griffith
June 9, 1910 A Victim of Jealousy Yes The Wife's Friend D.W. Griffith
June 20, 1910 Never Again Yes The Girl Frank Powell[16]
June 20, 1910 May and December Yes Yes May Frank Powell[14]
June 27, 1910 A Child's Impulse Yes Grace D.W. Griffith
June 30, 1910 Muggsy's First Sweetheart Yes Mabel Brown D.W. Griffith
July 11, 1910 What the Daisy Said Yes Martha D.W. Griffith
July 25, 1910 The Call to Arms Yes A Messenger D.W. Griffith
August 1, 1910 An Arcadian Maid Yes Priscilla D.W. Griffith
August 15, 1910 When We Were In Our 'Teens Yes Mary Frank Powell[17]
August 22, 1910 The Sorrows of the Unfaithful Yes Mary D.W. Griffith
August 25, 1910 Wilful Peggy Yes Peggy D.W. Griffith
September 1, 1910 Muggsy Becomes a Hero Yes Mabel Frank Powell[18]
October 6, 1910 A Gold Necklace Yes Mazie Frank Powell[19]
October 13, 1910 A Lucky Toothache Yes Bessie Frank Powell[20]
November 5, 1910 Waiter No. 5 Yes The Chief of Police's Son's Fiancée D.W. Griffith
November 14, 1910 Simple Charity Yes Miss Wilkins D.W. Griffith
November 21, 1910 The Song of the Wildwood Flute Yes Dove Eyes D.W. Griffith
November 28, 1910 A Plain Song Yes Edith D.W. Griffith
December 22, 1910 White Roses Yes Betty Frank Powell[21]

Biograph (1911)[edit]

Pickford left the Biograph Company at the end of 1910. The last films that she made for them before her departure were released in early 1911. All of these five films are one-reelers.

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
January 5, 1911 When A Man Loves Yes Tessie D.W. Griffith
January 9, 1911 The Italian Barber Yes Alice D.W. Griffith
February 2, 1911 Three Sisters Yes Mary D.W. Griffith
March 6, 1911 A Decree of Destiny Yes Mary D.W. Griffith
August 17, 1911 Madame Rex Yes D.W. Griffith

Selig (1911)[edit]

In a 1913 interview Pickford claimed to have written two screenplays for the Selig Polyscope Company.[22] Neither film is known to survive.[23]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
March 3, 1911 The Medallion Yes (unknown) Lost
July 31, 1911 Caught in the Act Yes (unknown) Lost

IMP (1911–1912)[edit]

In December 1910 Carl Laemmle signed Pickford to his Independent Motion Picture Company (IMP).[24] All of her IMP titles are one-reelers. The names of Pickford's characters are given if known. Only 13 of Pickford's 39 Majestic films are known to survive complete, while fragments of two others exist.[23][25]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
January 9, 1911 Their First Misunderstanding Yes Yes Mae Darcy Thomas Ince Extant[25]
January 23, 1911 The Dream Yes Yes The Wife Thomas Ince
George Loane Tucker
preserved; Library of Congress
January 30, 1911 Maid or Man Yes Jimmie's sister Thomas Ince
February 9, 1911 The Mirror Yes Dorothy Thomas Ince
February 9, 1911 When The Cat's Away Yes Dorothy, the wife Thomas Ince
February 13, 1911 Her Darkest Hour Yes Ruth Thomas Ince Lost
February 16, 1911 The Convert Yes Agnes Boyd Thomas Ince Lost
February 23, 1911 Artful Kate Yes Artful Kate Stanley Thomas Ince preserved; Library of Congress
February 27, 1911 A Manly Man Yes Walk-on Thomas Ince
March 4, 1911 Pictureland Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
March 6, 1911 Tracked Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
March 9, 1911 The Message in the Bottle Yes Walk-on Thomas Ince Lost
March 13, 1911 The Secret of the Palm Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
March 16, 1911 The Fisher-Maid Yes Paula, the Fisher-Maid Thomas Ince Lost
March 20, 1911 In Old Madrid Yes Walk-on Thomas Ince
March 27, 1911 Sweet Memories Yes Polly Biblett Thomas Ince preserved at the Library of Congress
April 17, 1911 The Stampede Yes Nello, the Bandit's Daughter Thomas Ince Lost
April 24, 1911 While There Is Hope, There Is Life Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
May 1, 1911 Second Sight Yes Gertrude Edgar Thomas Ince Lost
May 8, 1911 The Fair Dentist Yes Edith Morton Thomas Ince Lost
May 11, 1911 For Her Brother's Sake Yes Madge Spotwood Thomas Ince Lost
May 15, 1911 The Master and the Man Yes Elsie Graham Thomas Ince Lost
May 18, 1911 The Lighthouse Keeper Yes Polly Berry, the Lighthouse Keeper's Daughter Thomas Ince
June 8, 1911 Back to the Soil Yes Sadie Allen Thomas Ince Lost
July 3, 1911 In the Sultan's Garden Yes Haidee Thomas Ince
July 6, 1911 For the Queen's Honor Yes Princess Gilda Thomas Ince Lost
July 10, 1911 A Gasoline Engagement Yes Flora Powell Thomas Ince Lost
July 13, 1911 At a Quarter of Two Yes Mrs. Warren Thomas Ince Fragment survives
July 24, 1911 Science Yes Mrs. Crawford Thomas Ince Lost
July 31, 1911 The Skating Bug Yes The Girl Thomas Ince Lost
August 13, 1911 The Call of the Song Yes Amy Gordon Thomas Ince Lost
August 24, 1911 As a Boy Dreams Yes The Girl Thomas Ince
August 31, 1911 The Toss of a Coin Yes Alice Barton, the Farmer's Daughter Thomas Ince Lost
September 29, 1911 'Tween Two Loves Yes Grace Thomas Ince
October 2, 1911 The Rose's Story Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
October 9, 1911 The Sentinel Asleep (fr) Yes Unknown role Thomas Ince Lost
October 12, 1911 The Better Way Yes Lilian Garvey, a Salvation Army Lass Thomas Ince Lost
October 30, 1911 His Dress Shirt Yes Mrs. Kirby Thomas Ince Lost
December 28, 1911 The Portrait Yes Little Vera, the Model
1911 (exact date unknown) How Mary Fixed It Yes Mary
March 11, 1912 A Timely Repentance Yes Heroine of the Movie Within the Movie, The Wife’s Desertion Thomas Ince Fragment survives

Majestic (1911–1912)[edit]

After leaving IMP, Pickford signed with Harry H. Aiken's Majestic Film Company. During her brief time with this studio she made five one-reelers. Only one of these films is known to survive.[23]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
November 25, 1911 The Courting of Mary Yes Mary George Loane Tucker Lost
December 3, 1911 Love Heeds Not the Showers Yes Unknown role Owen Moore Lost
December 17, 1911 Little Red Riding Hood Yes Little Red Riding Hood Owen Moore
December 31, 1911 The Caddy's Dream Yes Unknown role Owen Moore Lost
February 9, 1912 Honor Thy Father Yes Mary Fuller Owen Moore Lost

Biograph (1912–1913)[edit]

Pickford returned to the Biography Company in January 1912, where she remained until the end of the year.[26] Except where noted all 26 films from this period are one-reelers.[14]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
February 15, 1912 The Mender of Nets Yes The Net-Mender D.W. Griffith
March 11, 1912 A Timely Repentance Yes The Movie Heroine D.W. Griffith
March 14, 1912 Iola's Promise Yes Iola D.W. Griffith
April 8, 1912 Fate's Interception Yes The Mexican Girl D.W. Griffith
April 15, 1912 The Female of the Species Yes The Miner's Wife's Sister D.W. Griffith
April 18, 1912 Just Like a Woman Yes The Young Woman D.W. Griffith
April 22, 1912 Won By a Fish Yes The Woman Mack Sennett[14]
May 6, 1912 The Old Actor Yes The Old Actor's Daughter D.W. Griffith
May 9, 1912 A Lodging for the Night Yes The Mexican Girl D.W. Griffith
May 27, 1912 A Beast at Bay Yes The Young Woman D.W. Griffith
June 6, 1912 Home Folks Yes The Young Woman D.W. Griffith
June 17, 1912 Lena and the Geese Yes Yes Lena D.W. Griffith
June 27, 1912 The School Teacher and the Waif Yes Nora, the Waif D.W. Griffith
July 8, 1912 An Indian Summer Yes The Widow's Daughter D.W. Griffith
August 1, 1912 The Narrow Road Yes Mrs. Jim Holcomb D.W. Griffith
August 12, 1912 The Inner Circle Yes The Rich Italian's Daughter D.W. Griffith
August 19, 1912 With the Enemy's Help Yes Faro Kate Wilfred Lucas[27]
August 29, 1912 A Pueblo Legend Yes The Indian Girl D.W. Griffith Two reels
September 23, 1912 Friends Yes Dora (the orphan) D.W. Griffith
September 30, 1912 So Near, Yet So Far Yes The Young Woman D.W. Griffith
October 3, 1912 A Feud in the Kentucky Hills Yes The Daughter D.W. Griffith
October 21, 1912 The One She Loved Yes The Wife D.W. Griffith
November 14, 1912 My Baby Yes The Wife D.W. Griffith
November 21, 1912 The Informer Yes The Confederate Captain's Sweetheart D.W. Griffith
December 6, 1912 The New York Hat Yes Miss Mollie Goodhue (the girl) D.W. Griffith The last film that Pickford made for Biograph
March 15, 1913 The Unwelcome Guest Yes The Slavey D.W. Griffith

Features[edit]

State rights (1913–1914)[edit]

After leaving Biograph at the end of 1912, Pickford returned to stage acting in the Broadway production of David Belasco's play A Good Little Devil. In May 1913 she resumed acting in motion pictures when she signed with Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Company. The first five features she made for Zukor were released in the United States on a state rights basis, where regional organizations in each state handled the distribution of each film.[28] Only one of these films is known to survive complete.[23]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
September 10, 1913 In the Bishop's Carriage Yes Nance Olden Edwin S. Porter Lost
November 10, 1913 Caprice Yes Mercy Baxter J. Searle Dawley Lost
February 10, 1914 Hearts Adrift Yes Nina Edwin S. Porter Lost
March 1, 1914 A Good Little Devil Yes Juliet Edwin S. Porter incomplete; One reel survives
March 30, 1914 Tess of the Storm Country Yes Tessibel Skinner Edwin S. Porter

Paramount (1914–1916)[edit]

In 1914 Paramount Pictures began handling the release of Zukor's Famous Players Film Company.[28] Pickford made 17 features prior to beginning with Artcraft. Ten of these films survive complete while six are lost and one survives incomplete.[23]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
July 1, 1914 The Eagle's Mate Yes Anemone Breckenridge James Kirkwood
August 26, 1914 Behind the Scenes Yes Dolly Lane James Kirkwood
September 21, 1914 Such a Little Queen Yes Queen Anna Victoria Hugh Ford Lost
December 28, 1914 Cinderella Yes Cinderella James Kirkwood
February 1, 1915 Mistress Nell Yes Mistress Nell James Kirkwood
May 10, 1915 Fanchon the Cricket Yes Fanchon, the cricket James Kirkwood Survives incomplete; 3½ of 5 reels survive
June 7, 1915 The Dawn of a Tomorrow Yes Glad James Kirkwood
July 1, 1915 Little Pal Yes "Little Pal" James Kirkwood
August 2, 1915 Rags Yes Rags / Alice McCloud James Kirkwood
September 6, 1915 Esmerelda Yes Esmerelda Rogers James Kirkwood Lost
October 7, 1915 A Girl of Yesterday Yes Yes Jane Stuart Allan Dwan Lost
November 8, 1915 Madame Butterfly Yes Cho-Cho-San Sidney Olcott
Unreleased The Foundling Yes Molly O Allan Dwan Lost; negative destroyed in a studio fire.[29]
January 2, 1916 The Foundling Yes Molly O John B. O'Brien
March 2, 1916 Poor Little Peppina Yes Peppina Sidney Olcott
April 17, 1916 The Eternal Grind Yes Louise John B. O'Brien
July 31, 1916 Hulda from Holland Yes Hulda John B. O'Brien

Artcraft (1916–1918)[edit]

Pickford signed a new contract with Adolph Zukor in June 1916. Among the agreements in the contract was that she would now be producing her own films and they would be distributed through a special division of Paramount Pictures called Artcraft.[30] Pickford made 13 films for Artcraft of which 11 survive complete.[23]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
November 2, 1916 Less Than the Dust Yes Yes Radha John Emerson
January 8, 1917 The Pride of the Clan Yes Yes Marget MacTavish Maurice Tourneur
March 5, 1917 The Poor Little Rich Girl Yes Yes Gwendolyn Maurice Tourneur
May 14, 1917 A Romance of the Redwoods Yes Yes Jenny Lawrence Cecil B. DeMille
July 2, 1917 The Little American Yes Yes Angela Moore Cecil B. DeMille
September 3, 1917 Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm Yes Yes Rebecca Randall Marshall Neilan
November 12, 1917 The Little Princess Yes Yes Sara Crewe Marshall Neilan
January 21, 1918 Stella Maris Yes Yes Miss Stella Maris / Unity Blake Marshall Neilan
March 10, 1918 Amarilly of Clothes-Line Alley Yes Yes Amarilly Jenkins Marshall Neilan
May 12, 1918 M'Liss Yes Yes Melissa "M'liss" Smith Marshall Neilan
June 23, 1918 How Could You, Jean? Yes Yes Jean Mackaye William Desmond Taylor Lost
September 15, 1918 Johanna Enlists Yes Yes Johanna Renssaller William Desmond Taylor
April 21, 1919 Captain Kidd, Jr. Yes Yes Mary MacTavish William Desmond Taylor Incomplete print survives

War propaganda (1917–1918)[edit]

During World War I Pickford appeared in four short propaganda films.

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
October 1917 All-Star Production of Patriotic Episodes for the Second Liberty Loan Yes Herself Marshall Neilan
October 5, 1918 100% American Yes Mayme Arthur Rosson Released in Canada under the title 100% Canadian.[23]
November 1, 1918 United States Fourth Liberty Loan Drive Yes Herself Frank Lloyd
November 1918 Canadian Victory Loan Drive Yes Herself

First National (1918–1920)[edit]

In November 1918 Pickford ended her contractual obligations with Adolph Zukor and Paramount. She then signed a three-picture deal with First National to distribute her productions.[31]

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
May 12, 1919 Daddy-Long-Legs Yes Yes Yes Jerusha "Judy" Abbott Marshall Neilan
September 1, 1919 The Hoodlum Yes Yes Amy Burke Sidney Franklin
December 1, 1919 Heart o' the Hills Yes Yes Mavis Hawn Sidney Franklin

United Artists (silent films, 1920–1927)[edit]

In 1919 Pickford co-founded United Artists with Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, and Douglas Fairbanks. Pickford starred in 11 silent films for United Artists release and co-produced three film starring her brother, Jack Pickford, and one with their sister, Lottie Pickford. Mary Pickford also made unbilled cameo appearances in six other films during this time.

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
January 18, 1920 Pollyanna Yes Yes Pollyanna Whittier Paul Powell A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
June 27, 1920 Suds Yes Yes Amanda Afflick John Francis Dillon A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
January 9, 1921 The Love Light Yes Yes Angela Carlotti Frances Marion A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
March 6, 1921 The Nut Yes Party Guest (unbilled cameo) J. Theodore Reed A Douglas Fairbanks Production
Released by United Artists
May 17, 1921 Through the Back Door Yes Yes Jeanne Alfred E. Green
Jack Pickford
A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
August 17, 1921 They Shall Pay Yes Martin Justice A Playgoer Picture
Released by Associated Exhibitors
Starring Lottie Pickford
September 16, 1921 Little Lord Fauntleroy Yes Yes Cedric Errol / Widow Errol Alfred E. Green
Jack Pickford
A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
November 12, 1922 Tess of the Storm Country Yes Yes Tessibel "Tess" Skinner John S. Robertson A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
January 23, 1923 Garrison's Finish Yes Yes Arthur Rossen A Jack Pickford Production
Released by Allied Producers and Distributors
August 19, 1923 Hollywood Yes Herself (unbilled cameo) James Cruze A Paramount Picture;
Lost
September 3, 1923 Rosita Yes Yes Rosita, a street singer Ernst Lubitsch A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
March 15, 1924 The Hill Billy Yes George W. Hill Jack Pickford–Allied Producers and Distributors
May 25, 1924 Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall Yes Yes Dorothy Vernon Marshall Neilan A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
March 29, 1925 Waking Up the Town Yes James Cruze A Jack Pickford Production
Released by Allied Producers and Distributors
September 18, 1925 Little Annie Rooney Yes Yes Yes Annabelle "Little Annie" Rooney William Beaudine A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
December 30, 1925 Ben Hur Yes Spectator at the Circus Maximus (unbilled cameo) Fred Niblo A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Production
March 8, 1926 The Black Pirate Yes Billie Dove's kissing stand-in (unbilled cameo) Albert Parker An Elton Corporation Production
Released by United Artists
Filmed in Technicolor
September 26, 1926 Sparrows Yes Yes Molly William Beaudine A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
September 9, 1927 A Kiss From Mary Pickford ("Поцелуй Мэри Пикфорд") Yes Herself (cameo) Sergei Komarov A Mezhrabpom–Rus & Sovkino Production
November 4, 1927 The Gaucho Yes Virgin Mary (unbilled cameo) F. Richard Jones An Elton Corporation Production
Released by United Artists
November 13, 1927 My Best Girl Yes Yes Maggie Johnson Sam Taylor A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists

United Artists (sound films, 1929–1950)[edit]

Pickford starred in four sound films (excluding the uncompleted Forever Yours). After Secrets, her final film as an actress, she continued working as a producer, including two films in collaboration with Jesse L. Lasky. In 1945, she and her third husband, Charles "Buddy" Rogers, co-founded Comet Productions to produce "B" pictures for United Artists.[32] Her role as producer in these later films was generally uncredited.

Release date Title Credited as Director Notes
Writer Producer Actress Role
March 30, 1929 Coquette Yes Yes Norma Besant Sam Taylor A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
Academy Award for Best Actress
October 26, 1929 The Taming of the Shrew Yes Yes Katherine Sam Taylor A Mary Pickford and Elton Corporation Production
Released by United Artists
Not released (filmed in 1930) Forever Yours Yes Yes Mary Carlton / Mary Marlow Marshall Neilan A Mary Pickford Production
Not completed; 3½ minutes survive
March 14, 1931 Kiki Yes Yes Kiki Sam Taylor An Art Cinema Production
Released by United Artists
March 16, 1933 Secrets Yes Yes Mary Carlton / Mary Marlow Frank Borzage A Mary Pickford Production
Released by United Artists
May 13, 1936 One Rainy Afternoon Yes Rowland V. Lee A Mary Pickford–Jesse Lasky Production
Released by United Artists
October 2, 1936 The Gay Desperado Yes Rouben Mamoulian A Mary Pickford–Jesse Lasky Production
Released by United Artists
October 20, 1946 Little Iodine Yes Reginald Le Borg A Comet Production
Released by United Artists
December 13, 1946 Susie Steps Out Yes Reginald Le Borg A Comet Production
Released by United Artists
May 9, 1947 The Adventures of Don Coyote Yes Reginald Le Borg A Comet Production
Released by United Artists
Filmed in Cinecolor
June 21, 1947 Stork Bites Man Yes Cy Endfield A Comet Production
Released by United Artists
February 18, 1948 Sleep, My Love Yes Douglas Sirk A Triangle Production
Released by United Artists
November 19, 1948 White Cradle Inn Yes Harold French Peak Films–United Artists
March 3, 1950 Love Happy Yes David Miller An Allied Alliance Production
Released by United Artists

Cameos and erroneous credits[edit]

Cameo appearances in short films[edit]

Pickford made cameo appearances as herself in the following short films:

Year Title Ref
1929 Holiday in Mexico [33]
1933 Hollywood on Parade No. B-10 [34]
1934 Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove [35]
1941 Picture People No. 3: Hobbies of the Stars [36]

Erroneous credits[edit]

Three Biograph titles, The Usurer (August 15, 1910), The Affair of an Egg (September 1, 1910), and Examination Day at School (September 2, 1910), and two IMP titles, At the Duke's Command (February 6, 1911) and From the Bottom of the Sea (October 20, 1911), have been erroneously listed in Mary Pickford filmographies. Pickford historian Christel Schmidt has confirmed that the actress does not appear in these films.[37] The Internet Movie Database lists Pickford as appearing in the Biograph shorts entitled Mrs. Jones Entertains (January 9, 1909)[38] and The Fascinating Mrs. Francis (January 21, 1909).[39] However, Pickford did not begin with Biograph until the end of April 1909.[40]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sources:
    • Whitfield 1997, p. 133 "Calling Mary 'America's Sweetheart' was not exactly a stroke of genius. I was simply putting down in two words what everyone in America seemed to be thinking about her." — B.P. Schulberg, publicist for Famous Players and scenario writer for In the Bishop's Carriage (1913) and Tess of the Storm Country (1914)
    • "Mary Pickford — America's Sweetheart". Amazon.com, Inc. 2006–2009. Retrieved December 7, 2009.  (Cover of Scott Eyman's biography)
  2. ^ Whitfield 1997, pp. 8, 62–80
  3. ^ Whitfield 1997, pp. 416–419
  4. ^ Neely 2008, p. 3
  5. ^ Neely 2008, p. 5
  6. ^ Neely 2008, p. 8
  7. ^ Neely 2008, p. 10
  8. ^ a b "The Official Academy Awards Database". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2009. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  9. ^ Sources:
  10. ^ "The Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, Inc. 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Liner notes to Little Lord Fauntleroy". Little Lord Fauntleroy DVD. Milestone Film and Video. 2003. Retrieved December 8, 2009. 
  12. ^ Whitfield 1997, p. 81
  13. ^ Brownlow 1999, pp. 72–80
  14. ^ a b c d "Mary Pickford filmography". The Mary Pickford Institute for Film Education. 2008. Retrieved October 15, 2009.  Note: List needs to be expanded (i.e. "show" / "hide").
  15. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "The Smoker". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  16. ^ Sources:
    • "Never Again". Carl Bennett and the Silent Era Company. 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
    • "Never Again". American Film Institute. 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  17. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "When We Were in Our 'teens". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  18. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "Muggsy Becomes a Hero". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  19. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "A Gold Necklace". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  20. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "The Lucky Toothache". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  21. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "White Roses". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ Frederick James Smith (March 19, 1913). "Unspoiled by Fame is Mary Pickford". New York Dramatic Mirror. Retrieved October 15, 2009. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Christal Schmidt (2003). "Mary Pickford filmography (1909–1933)". Christel Schmidt. Retrieved October 15, 2009. 
  24. ^ Brownlow 1999, p. 80
  25. ^ a b King, Susan (September 17, 2013). "Restored Mary Pickford film to be screened in New Hampshire". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  26. ^ Whitfield 1997, pp. 111–116
  27. ^ Bennett, Carl (2010). "With the Enemy's Help". Silent Era Company. Retrieved June 2, 2010. 
  28. ^ a b Whitfield 1997, pp. 121–122
  29. ^ Brownlow 1999, p. 177
  30. ^ Whitfield 1997, pp. 144–145
  31. ^ Whitfield 1997, pp. 186–188
  32. ^ Whitfield 1997, p. 323
  33. ^ Vance, Jeffrey; Tony Maietta (2008). Douglas Fairbanks. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p. 335. ISBN 978-0-520-25667-5. 
  34. ^ Fields, Ronald J. (1984). W.C. Fields — A Life on Film. New York, NY: St. Martin Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-312-85311-4. 
  35. ^ The Gay Divorcee (DVD). Warner Bros. home video. Retrieved December 7, 2009.  Note: Features Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove as a bonus
  36. ^ Boom Town (film) (DVD). Warner Bros. home video. Retrieved December 7, 2009.  Note: Features Picture People No. 3: Hobbies of the Stars as a bonus
  37. ^ Schmidt, Christel (2003). "The Search for a Film Legacy: Mary Pickford filmography (1909–1933)". Christel Schmidt. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Mrs. Jones Entertains". IMDb.com, Inc. 1990–2009. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  39. ^ "The Fascinating Mrs. Francis". IMDb.com, Inc. 1990–2014. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  40. ^ Henderson, Robert M. (1970). D.W. Griffith: The Years at Biograph. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 64. ISBN 0374134162. 

References[edit]

Main sources
Further reading
  • Balio, Tino (2008). United Artists: The Company Built By the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-11444-2. 
  • Blum, Daniel (1972) [1953]. A Pictorial History of the Silent Screen. New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Son. ISBN 0399506675. 
  • Brownlow, Kevin (1968). The Parade's Gone By. Berkeley / Los Angeles / London: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03068-0. 
  • Everson, William K. (1978). American Silent Film. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-502348-X. 
  • Henderson, Robert M. (1970). D.W. Griffith: The Years at Biograph. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 0374134162. 
  • Lee, Raymond (1971). The Films of Mary Pickford. Gazelle Book Services Ltd. ISBN 978-0-498-07380-9. 
  • Niver, Kemp (1969). Mary Pickford: Comedienne. Renovare Co. ISBN 978-0-913986-02-8. 
  • Pickford, Mary (1953). Sunshine and Shadow – An Autobiography. Doubleday & Co. ASIN B0006DDPVC. 
  • Windeler, Robert (1970). Mary Pickford. Star Press. ISBN 0275514102. 

External links[edit]