June 28, 1922|
Pistoia, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||May 14, 2001
|Occupation||Film director, scriptwriter
Mauro Bolognini (28 June 1922 – 14 May 2001) was an Italian film director of literate sensibility, known for masterly handling of period subject matter.
Mauro Bolognini was born in Pistoia, in the Tuscany region of Italy. After earning a masters degree in Architecture at the University of Florence, Bolognini enrolled at the Centro sperimentale di cinematografia (Italian National Film Academy) in Rome, where he took stage design courses.
After graduation, he became interested in film direction and set out to work as an assistant to directors Luigi Zampa in Italy, and Yves Allegret and Jean Delannoy in France. Bolognini began directing his own feature films in the mid-1950s, and received his first international success with Wild Love (Gli innamorati).
His other notable films of the 1950s and early 1960s include Young Husbands (Giovani mariti), The Big Night (La notte brava), From a Roman Balcony (La giornata balorda), and the Marcello Mastroianni-Claudia Cardinale starrer Il bell'Antonio (arguably his masterpiece), all written by Pier Paolo Pasolini.
Parting professionally with Pasolini in 1961, Bolognini directed two sensual love stories starring Claudia Cardinale, The Lovemakers (La Viaccia) and Senilità, before turning his talents to a series of international anthology films, including The Dolls (Le bambole), and one segment of Three Faces of a Woman (I tre volti), The Queens (Le fate) and The Witches (Le streghe).
Returning to features in the late 1960s with Madamigella di Maupin / Mademoiselle De Maupin, his later works include the accomplished period dramas Metello and Bubù (both featuring Massimo Ranieri), The Murri Affair (Fatti di gente per bene) starring Giancarlo Giannini, Catherine Deneuve and Fernando Rey, The Inheritance (L'eredità Ferramonti) with Anthony Quinn and Dominique Sanda, and The Lady of the Camellias (La storia vera della signora delle camelie), featuring a young Isabelle Huppert.
In the mid sixties Bolognini started to show an interest, as stage director, in the production of operas and plays. His debut was in 1964 with Giuseppe Verdi's Ernani at the Teatro Massimo in Palermo (tenor Mario Del Monaco) followwed, in the same year, by Giacomo Puccini's Tosca at the Teatro dell'Opera in Rome, and by many others: Vincenzo Bellini's Norma at La Scala opera house in Milan (stage design by Mario Ceroli, 1972) and in 1975 at the Bolshoi opera house in Moscow; Giuseppe Verdi's Aida at La Fenice opera house in Venice (1978); Hans Werner Henze's Pollicino at the Poliziano opera house in Montepulciano (1995).
In his later years, Bolognini continued directing feature films, as well as opera and television miniseries like The Charterhouse of Parma (La certosa di Parma) based on the 1839 novel by Stendhal and The Time Of Indifference (Gli indifferenti), based on the 1929 novel Gli indifferenti by Alberto Moravia, translated in English in 1935 as The Indifferent Ones. His final feature was the soft-core erotic drama Husband and Lovers (La villa del venerdì), released in 1992.
He died in Rome in 2001, aged 78.
- Wild Love / Gli innamorati (1955)
- Young Husbands / Giovani mariti (1958)
- You're On Your Own / Arrangiatevi! (1959)
- The Big Night / La notte brava (1959)
- From a Roman Balcony / La giornata balorda (1960 - based on Racconti Romani by Alberto Moravia)
- Bell'Antonio / Il bell'Antonio (1960)
- The Lovemakers / La viaccia (1961)
- Agostino (1962)
- Careless / Senilità (1962)
- Corruption / La corruzione (1963)
- My Wife / La mia signora, segments "I miei cari" and "Luciana" (1964)
- The Dolls / Four Kinds of Love / Le bambole, segment "Monsignor Cupido" (1965)
- The Three Faces of a Woman / I tre volti, segment "Gli amanti celebri" (1965)
- Madamigella di Maupin / Mademoiselle de Maupin (1966)
- The Queens / Sex Quartet / Le fate, segment "Fata Elena" (1966)
- The Witches / Le streghe, segment Senso civico (1967)
- The Oldest Profession / Le plus vieux métier du monde, segment "Nuits romaines" (1967)
- Arabella (1967)
- Caprice Italian Style / Capriccio all'italiana, segments "Perché?" and "La gelosia" (1968)
- She and He / L'assoluto naturale (1969)
- That Splendid November / Un bellissimo novembre (1969)
- Metello (1970)
- Bubù (1971)
- Libera, My Love... / Libera, amore mio... (1973)
- The Murri Affair / Fatti di gente per bene (1974)
- Down the Ancient Staircase / Per le antiche scale (1975)
- The Inheritance / L'eredità Ferramonti (1976)
- Black Journal / Gran bollito (1977)
- The Lady of the Camellias / La Dame aux camélias / La storia vera della signora delle camelie (1980)
- The Venetian Woman / La Venexiana (1986)
- Farewell Moscow / Mosca addio (1987)
- Husband and Lovers / La villa del venerdì (1992)