University of Florence
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|University of Florence|
|Università degli Studi di Firenze|
|Latin: Florentina Studiorum Universitas|
|Sports teams||CUS Firenze|
The University of Florence, Italian: Università degli Studi di Firenze, is an Italian public research university located in Florence, Italy. It comprises 12 schools and has about 60,000 students enrolled.
The first university in Florence was the Studium Generale, which was established by the Florentine Republic in 1321. The Studium was recognized by Pope Clement VI in 1349, and authorized to grant regular degrees. The Pope also established that the first Italian faculty of Theology would be in Florence. The Studium became an imperial university in 1364, but was moved to Pisa in 1473 when Lorenzo the Magnificent gained control of Florence. Charles VIII moved it back from 1497–1515, but it was moved to Pisa again when the Medici family returned to power.
The modern university dates from 1859, when a group of disparate higher-studies institutions grouped together in the Istituto di Studi Pratici e di Perfezionamento, which a year later was recognized as a full-fledged university by the government of newly unified Italy. In 1923 the Istituto was officially denominated as University by the Italian Parliament.
The 12 faculties of the university are: Agriculture; Architecture; Arts; Economics; Education; Engineering; Law; Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences; Medicine and Surgery; Pharmacology; Political Science; and Psychology.
Faculties are located in traditionally strategic areas based on their subject matter. The Faculty of Economics, Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Political Sciences are in the Polo delle Scienze Sociali (campus of social sciences), in the Novoli district. The Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, the Faculty of Pharmacology, and certain scientific and engineering departments are in the Careggi district. The Faculty of Engineering is located at the S. Marta Institute, whereas the Faculty of Agriculture is in front of the Parco delle Cascine. The Faculty of Mathematical, Physical and Natural Sciences is located in Sesto Fiorentino. The Faculty of Architecture is in the Accademia di Belle Arti, home of Michelangelo's David. The Faculties of Psychology, Literature and Philosophy, and Pedagogy are in the centre of Florence, but the first two will be moved in the near future to the aforementioned Polo delle Scienze Sociali.
Among the best-known people who have attended the University of Florence are
- Italian President Alessandro Pertini;
- Governor General of Canada Michaëlle Jean;
- Popes Nicholas V Pius II
- Italian Prime Minister Lamberto Dini;
- Italian political leaders Giorgio La Pira, Leonardo Domenici and Matteo Renzi; astrophysicist Margherita Hack; botanist Rodolfo Emilio Giuseppe Pichi-Sermolli; immunologist Paola Ricciardi-Castagnoli; philosopher Giacomo Marramao; poets Margherita Guidacci and Mario Luzi.
- John Argyropoulos taught Greek from 1456.
- Leonardo da Vinci carried out studies on anatomy at the Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in the center of town which is today a teaching hospital affiliated with the University of Florence.
- Giovanni Sartori, political scientist, professor of "Political Science", born in 1924 in Florence.
- Giovanni Spadolini, historian and important Italian politician, professor of "Contemporary History", born in 1925 in Florence.
- Enrico Fermi, physicist and Nobel prize, professor of "Mathematical Physics".
- Mario Luzi, poet, professor of "French language and Literature".
- Piero Calamandrei, jurist, professor in the faculty of Law, born in 1889.
- Mario Draghi, President of ECB was full professor of Monetary Economics and Monetary Policy in the faculty of Political Science from 1981 to 1991.
- Antonio Cassese, international jurist, president of several international tribunals.
- Giorgio Gaja, international jurist, former member of the International Law Commission and judge of the International Court of Justice.
Points of interest
- Institute and Museum of the History of Science
- Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze
- Orto Botanico di Firenze
Notes and references
- List of Italian universities
- List of medieval universities
- Medieval university
- List of forestry universities and colleges
- (Italian) University of Florence website
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Architecture
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
- Faculty of Pharmacology
- Faculty of Political Science
- Faculty of Psychology