Milan metropolitan area

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The Milan metropolitan area as seen from the International Space Station (North roughly on the top side)

The Milan metropolitan area, known as Grande Milano (Greater Milan), is the urban agglomeration around the city of Milan, Italy.

The spatial spread of the Milan metropolitan area has greatly accelerated over recent decades. Since the 1960s, the growth of the numerous settlements around the core of the city has defined the extent and patterns of the metropolitan area, and commuting flows suggest that socioeconomic linkages have expanded even beyond the boundaries of the Province of Milan.[1][2] A single, large and increasingly widespread conurbation with the city of Milan at its hub defines the metropolitan area; however, its extent can vary greatly depending on the defining source. The Milan metropolitan area contains a population of 8,123,020 in 2013 ISTAT.

The Milan metropolitan area is part of the so-called Blue Banana, the area of Europe with the highest population and industrial density.

The metropolitan area is strictly statistical and does not imply any kind of administrative unity or function until 2014 when the province of Milan and the province of Monza and Brianza amalgamate to become the metropolitan city of Milan.

Definitions[edit]

The Blue Banana
Population density in Europe, showing the highest density along the Blue Banana

One definition of the metropolitan area is the local labour market system, an official definition based on commuting patterns used by Istat, consisting of 115 municipalities (comuni) with a total population of 2,975,754 (2001).[3]

Another definition is synonymous with the province of Milan, with 3,869,037 inhabitants distributed over an area of 1,982 km2 (765 sq mi).[4]

According to Eurostat Urban Audit program, the larger urban zone of Milan has a population of 3,076,643.[5]

Finally, an Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) territorial review of 2006 takes a more inclusive definition based on socioeconomic patterns.[6] They define the Milan metropolitan area as the Lombard provinces of Milan, Bergamo, Como, Lecco, Lodi, Monza and Brianza, Pavia, Varese and the Piedmontese Province of Novara. The overall population under this definition is about 7,400,000, dispersed over an area of about 12,000 km2 (4,600 sq mi).

Composition of Milan Urban Area[edit]

The Milan urban area includes the whole province of Milan and province of Monza e Brianza, 49 municipalities in the province of Varese, 43 municipalities in the province of Como and 45 municipalities in the province of Lecco, in all 248 municipalities. The most important of these by population are Monza, Busto Arsizio and Sesto San Giovanni as shown in the next table.

The total land area of the greater urban area is 2944.53 km² with a population of 5.246.000 the largest in Italy by population. 27% of this population resides in the city of Milan (1,307,495). The density of the Milan urban area is 1,651 per km², one of the highest in Europe.

Province Municipality Area
(in km²)
Population [7]
Lombardia
Province of Milan 1.575 3,869,037
Province of Monza e Brianza 376,80 840.711
Province of Varese Saronno 10,9 38.221
Caronno Pertusella 8,0 14.759
Gerenzano 9,8 10.013
Origgio 8,1 7.084
Uboldo 10,6 10.093
Marnate 4,8 6.676
Castellanza 6,0 14.475
Busto Arsizio 30,0 80.876
Lonate Pozzolo 29,0 11.986
Ferno 8,5 6.805
Cardano al Campo 9,0 13.830
Samarate 15,0 16.259
Gallarate 20,0 50.279
Casorate Sempione 6,9 5.623
Somma Lombardo 30,0 17.088
Arsago Seprio 10,0 4.766
Cassano Magnago 12,0 21.297
Cairate 11,3 7.774
Fagnano Olona 8,6 11.544
Solbiate Olona 4,9 5.561
Olgiate Olona 7,0 11.885
Gorla Minore 7,9 8.226
Gorla Maggiore 5,3 5.071
Tradate 21 17.328
Cislago 10 9.732
Vergiate 21,61 8.833
Carnago 6 6.154
Albizzate 3 5.034
Besnate 7,68 5.256
Cavaria con Premezzo 3,23 5.342
Jerago con Orago 4 5.035
Oggiona con Santo Stefano 2 4.375
Angera 17 5.679
Lonate Ceppino 4 4.788
Solbiate Arno 3,01 4.257
Golasecca 7 2.551
Castelseprio 3 1.284
Gornate-Olona 4 2.135
Castiglione Olona 7 7.890
Vizzola Ticino 7 501
Sesto Calende 23,89 10.629
Taino 7 3.626
Cadrezzate 5 1.702
Osmate 3 683
Mercallo 5 1.806
Mornago 12 4.739
Sumirago 11 6.147
Marnate 4,8 6.676
Comabbio 4 1.146
Province of Como Turate 10,1 8.759
Rovello Porro 5,8 5.860
Cabiate 3,2 7.213
Mariano Comense 13,7 23.133
Carugo 4,1 6.144
Arosio 2,7 4.767
Rovellasca 3,3 7.251
Mozzate 10 7.879
Locate Varesino 5 4.180
Carbonate 5,17 2.808
Albavilla 10,55 6.083
Albese con Cassano 8 4.001
Alserio 1 1.151
Alzate Brianza 7 5.040
Anzano del Parco 3 1.676
Brenna 4,9 1.920
Cabiate 3,2 7.213
Cantù 23,18 37.948
Canzo 11,8 5.094
Carimate 5 4.167
Carugo 4,12 6.144
Caslino d'Erba 7 1.711
Castelmarte 1 1.312
Cermenate 8,1 8.919
Cucciago 4 3.373
Erba 18,13 16.974
Eupilio 6 2.739
Figino Serenza 4 5.070
Fino Mornasco 7,26 9.251
Inverigo 9 8.741
Lambrugo 1,92 2.273
Longone al Segrino 1,53 1.709
Lurago d'Erba 5 5.089
Merone 3 4.119
Monguzzo 3 2.138
Montorfano 3,53 2.713
Novedrate 2 2.934
Orsenigo 4,5 2.730
Ponte Lambro 3 4.365
Proserpio 2 922
Pusiano 3 1.301
Tavernerio 11 5.711
Vertemate con Minoprio 5,77 3.922
Province of Lecco Airuno 4 2.931
Annone di Brianza 5 2.199
Barzago 3,59 2.571
Barzanò 3,58 5.080
Bosisio Parini 6,6 3.374
Brivio 7,92 4.708
Bulciago 3 2.933
Calco 4,62 4.760
Casatenovo 12,7 12.380
Cassago Brianza 3 4.350
Castello di Brianza 3,63 2.384
Cernusco Lombardone 3 3.859
Cesana Brianza 3,42 2.288
Civate 9,06 3.977
Colle Brianza 8 1.693
Costa Masnaga 5 4.679
Cremella 1,75 1.744
Dolzago 2 2.181
Ello 2,41 1.247
Garbagnate Monastero 3 2.387
Imbersago 3 2.373
Lomagna 3 4.532
Merate 11 14.741
Missaglia 11 8.282
Molteno 3 3.436
Montevecchia 5 2.435
Monticello Brianza 4 4.246
Nibionno 3,6 3.603
Oggiono 7,90 8.527
Olgiate Molgora 7,25 6.050
Olginate 7 7.079
Osnago 4,42 4.739
Paderno d'Adda 3 3.831
Perego 4 1.637
Robbiate 4 5.803
Rogeno 4,84 3.114
Rovagnate 4,26 2.891
Santa Maria Hoè 2,8 2.213
Sirone 3 2.295
Sirtori 4 2.896
Suello 2 1.592
Valgreghentino 6 3.268
Verderio Inferiore 3 2.828
Verderio Superiore 2 2.678
Viganò 1 1.903
TOTAL 2944,53 5.264.000'

Comparison[edit]

This table shows the main Italian urban areas by population. The Milan urban area is the largest

No. Metropolitan area Population
(inhabitants)
Area
(in km²)
Density
(in ab/km²)
Municipalities
1 Milan 5.264.000 2.945 1.651 248
2 Naples 4.405.832 2.260 1.950 171
3 Rome 3.693.124 3.089 1.195 40
4 Turin 1.704.102 1.127 1.512 53

See also[edit]

References[edit]