Ministeria vibrans

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Ministeria vibrans
Ministeria vibrans.jpeg
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Opisthokonta
Phylum: Choanozoa
Class: Cristidiscoidea
Order: Ministeriida
Family: Ministeriidae
Genus: Ministeria
Species: Ministeria vibrans
Binomial name
Ministeria vibrans
Tong (1997)

Ministeria vibrans is a small single-celled eukaryote which feeds on bacteria. Although it is an opisthokont, it seems not to fit in any of the established opisthokont lineages such as choanoflagellates or animals.[1] It might form a group with Capsaspora, another opisthokont of uncertain placement.[2] It is the only known opisthokont lineage which does not exhibit amoeboid cells or flagellated cells.[3]


  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T; Chao, Ee (May 2003), "Phylogeny of choanozoa, apusozoa, and other protozoa and early eukaryote megaevolution", Journal of molecular evolution 56 (5): 540–63, doi:10.1007/s00239-002-2424-z, PMID 12698292 
  2. ^ Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M et al. (2008), Aramayo, Rodolfo, ed., "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals", PLoS ONE 3 (5): e2098, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098, PMC 2346548, PMID 18461162 
  3. ^ Esser, Karl (ed.). The Mycota: A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied System. p. 16. ISBN 978-3-642-19974-5.