Miramar, New Zealand
|Local authority||Wellington City|
|Population||8,334 (2006 )|
'Miramar' means "sea view" in Spanish. The name was chosen by the first European to settle in the area, Scotsman James Coutts Crawford (1817-1889). Crawford was a former Royal Navy officer turned businessman and colonist, who arrived in Wellington in 1840. Crawford established a farm on the peninsula, which at the time was known as Watt's Peninsula, and drained a large lagoon known as Burnham Water. This lagoon covered much of the low lying land on the peninsula; now this area is occupied by suburban houses, streets, parks and shops.
In April 1921, Miramar was incorporated into the City of Wellington. The records of the Miramar Borough Council were transferred to the City of Wellington at the time of amalgamation and can still be accessed today through Wellington City Council.
Prior to World War 2 the then government purchased an independent film company called Kaft Films in Darlington Rd, Miramar and set up a full body, government film production operation, to cover New Zealand's contribution in WW2. It was called the National Film Unit. In 1979 the NFU moved to Avalon, Lower Hutt, NZ, next to the national television entity 'Avalon'. In the late nineties, Sir Peter Jackson purchased the Film Unit, as it was then known, to produce his films. He used the NFU's facilities to an extreme degree while making Braindead. Since then, Jackson has brought the Film Unit back to Miramar, which would now be seen as a sunset arm of his empire.
Film director Sir Peter Jackson and his colleagues Sir Richard Taylor (VFX) and Jamie Selkirk (Editor) have built a series of multi-million dollar studios, sound stages, and pre- and post-production (including Weta Digital - Avatar and Weta Workshop) facilities in Miramar, where he filmed The Lord of the Rings trilogy and King Kong. It has been hailed by Mexican film director Guillermo del Toro as "Hollywood the way God intended it".
There are seven primary schools in Miramar - Holy Cross School (Years 1 - 8), Miramar Central School (Years 1 - 6), Miramar Christian School (Years 1 - 8), Miramar North School (Years 1 - 6), Miramar South School (Years 1 - 8), the Scots College Preparatory School and Worser Bay School (Years 1 - 6)
- The population is the aggregate for the census areas of Miramar South (Quickstats about Miramar South) and Miramar North (Quickstats about Miramar North)
- "Te Motu Kairangi / Miramar Peninsula Place Name Proposal Report". Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) - Toitū te whenua. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- http://www.wcl.govt.nz/wellington/miramarseatoun.html Wellington City Library
- "Archives - Overview - Wellington - New Zealand". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- Guillermo del Toro Chats with TORN About ‘The Hobbit’ Films! | Hobbit Movie News and Rumors | TheOneRing.net | The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings Movie News and Rumors