Mizoram (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Mizoram (Lok Sabha constituency)
India Mizoram locator map.svg
Location of Mizoram in India
Existence 1972–present
Reservation Scheduled Tribes
Current MP C. L. Ruala
Party Indian National Congress
Elected Year 2014
State Mizoram
Total Electors 702,170[1]
Most Successful Party Indian National Congress (6 times)
Assembly Constituencies Hachhek (ST), Dampa (ST), Mamit (ST), Tuirial (ST), Kolasib (ST), Serlui (ST), Tuivawl (ST), Chalfilh (ST), Tawi (ST), Aizawl North - I (ST), Aizawl North - II (ST), Aizawl North - III (ST), Aizawl East - I, Aizawl East - II (ST), Aizawl West - I (ST), Aizawl West - II (ST), Aizawl West - III (ST), Aizawl South - I (ST), Aizawl South - II (ST), Aizawl South - III (ST), Lengteng (ST), Tuichang (ST), Champhai North (ST), Champhai South (ST), East Tuipui (ST), Serchhip (ST), Tuikum (ST), Hrangturzo (ST), South Tuipui (ST), Lunglei North (ST), Lunglei East (ST), Lunglei West (ST), Lunglei South (ST), Thorang (ST), West Tuipui (ST), Tuichawng (ST), Lawngtlai West (ST), Lawngtlai East (ST), Saiha (ST), and Palak (ST)[2]

Coordinates: 23°22′N 92°00′E / 23.36°N 92.00°E / 23.36; 92.00 Mizoram is the only Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian parliament) constituency in the Northeast Indian state of Mizoram, and covers the entire area of the state. The seat is reserved for Scheduled Tribes. Its first member of parliament (MP) was Sangliana of the Mizo Union who represented this constituency in the Fifth Lok Sabha when it became a union territory on 21 January 1972.[3][4] In the 1977 election, independent politician, R. Rothuama, was elected and went on to be re-elected in 1980. Shri Lalduhoma of the Indian National Congress (INC) was elected in 1984. Mizoram became a state of India on 20 February 1987.[3] In the next election in 1989, C. Silvera also of the INC was elected. He went on to win the seat in the next two elections, serving from 1989–98 as its MP. Independent candidate H. Lallungmuana was elected in 1998 by a victory margin of only 41 votes.[5] From 1999 to 2009, this constituency was represented for two terms by politician, Vanlalzawma, firstly as an independent candidate and then as a member of the Mizo National Front. As of the 2014 elections, this constituency's MP is C. L. Ruala of the INC who has represented this seat since 2009. The most successful party in this constituency is the INC who have won 6 times out of the 12 elections held.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1972 Sangliana Mizo Union
1977 R. Rothuama Independent
1980 R. Rothuama Independent
1984 Shri Lalduhoma Indian National Congress
1989 C. Silvera Indian National Congress
1991 C. Silvera Indian National Congress
1996 C. Silvera Indian National Congress
1998 H. Lallungmuana Independent
1999 Vanlalzawma Independent
2004 Vanlalzawma Mizo National Front
2009 C. L. Ruala Indian National Congress
2014 C. L. Ruala Indian National Congress

Election results[edit]

General election 1972[edit]

Mizoram's first MP was Sangliana of the Mizo Union who represented this constituency in the Fifth Lok Sabha after Mizoram became a union territory on the 21 January 1972.[3][4][6]

General election 1977[edit]

Indian general election, 1977: Mizoram[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent R. Rothuama 53,350 52.97 N/A
INC C. L. Ruala 37,342 37.07 N/A
Independent H. K. Bawichhuaka 8,534 8.47 N/A
Independent K. Sanglianchhungi 1,499 1.49 N/A
Margin of victory 16,008 15.90 N/A
Turnout 102,075 49.92 N/A
Independent gain from Mizo Union Swing

General election 1980[edit]

Indian general election, 1980: Mizoram[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent R. Rothuama 74,430 58.00 +5.03
Peoples Conference C. Venkunga 53,891 42.00 N/A
Margin of victory 20,539 16.00 +0.10
Turnout 129,533 56.12 +6.20
Independent hold Swing

General election 1984[edit]

Shri Lalduhoma of the INC was elected to represent this constituency in the Eighth Lok Sabha.[9]

General election 1989[edit]

Indian general election, 1989: Mizoram[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC C. Silvera 109,571 48.45 N/A
MNF Zoramthanga 70,749 31.28 N/A
Democratic Party Malswma Colney 43,667 19.31 N/A
Independent Binde Basu Chakma 2,159 0.95 N/A
Margin of victory 38,822 17.17 N/A
Turnout 228,202 58.26 N/A
INC gain from Independent Swing

General election 1991[edit]

Indian general election, 1991: Mizoram[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC C. Silvera 91,612 38.08 -10.37
MNF Lalduhoma 82,019 34.09 +2.81
Janata Dal T. Sailo 56,491 23.48 N/A
Independent Chawngzika 4,455 1.85 N/A
Independent Paul T. K. Dawnga 4,159 1.73 N/A
Independent C. Thangmura 1,511 0.63 N/A
Independent Zohanmania Ralte 348 0.14 N/A
Margin of victory 9,593 3.99 -13.18
Turnout 242,999 58.64 +0.38
INC hold Swing

General election 1996[edit]

Indian general election, 1996: Mizoram[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC C. Silvera 126,191 42.50 +4.42
MNF Lalremsiama F. 111,710 37.63 +3.54
Independent Lalhmingthanga 57,690 19.43 N/A
Independent Lalthlamuana 1,295 0.44 N/A
Margin of victory 14,481 4.87 +0.88
Turnout 299,593 73.41 +14.77
INC hold Swing

General election 1998[edit]

Indian general election, 1998: Mizoram[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent H. Lallungmuana 106,552 34.87 N/A
INC J. Lalsangzuala 106,511 34.86 -7.64
MNF R. Lalthangliana 82,047 26.85 -10.78
BJP P. L. Chhuma 8,998 2.94 N/A
RJD Lalianzuala 974 0.32 N/A
Independent Zailiana 494 0.16 N/A
Margin of victory 41 0.01 -4.86
Turnout 307,767 69.56 -3.85
Independent gain from INC Swing

General election 1999[edit]

Indian general election, 1999: Mizoram[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Vanlalzawma 171,557 58.80 N/A
Independent Rokamlova 102,898 35.26 N/A
Maraland Democratic Front Mylai Hlychho 8,444 2.89 N/A
Independent Rualpawla 4,508 1.54 N/A
Margin of victory 68,659 23.54 +23.53
Turnout 293,513 65.31 -4.25
Independent hold Swing

General election 2004[edit]

Indian general election, 2004: Mizoram[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
MNF Vanlalzawma 182,864 52.46 N/A
Independent Dr. Laltluangliana Khiangte 159,170 45.67 N/A
Ephraim Union Tlangdingliana 6,512 1.87 N/A
Margin of victory 23,694 6.79 -16.75
Turnout 348,546
MNF gain from Independent Swing

General election 2009[edit]

Indian general elections, 2009: Mizoram[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC C. L. Ruala 213,779 65.58 N/A
Independent Dr. H. Lallungmuana 104,824 32.16 N/A
Independent Rualpawla 4,089 1.25 N/A
NCP Lalawmpuia Chhangte 3,299 1.01 N/A
Margin of victory 108,955 33.42 +26.63
Turnout 325,991 51.80
INC gain from MNF Swing

General election 2014[edit]

Indian general elections, 2014: Mizoram[1][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
INC C. L. Ruala 210,485 48.59 -16.99
Independent Robert Romawia Royte 204,331 47.17 N/A
AAP M. Lalmanzuala 11,890 2.74 N/A
NOTA None of the above 6,495 1.50 N/A
Majority 6,154 1.42 -32.00
Turnout 433,201 61.69 +9.89
INC hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Parliamentary Constituency wise Turnout for General Election - 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "District and AC wise PS list". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "History of Mizoram". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Ahuja, M. L. (1 January 2005). General elections in India: electoral politics, electoral reforms, and political parties. New Delhi: Icon Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 323. ISBN 9788188086221. 
  5. ^ "Mizoram polls today". The Telegraph. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Former Members". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 166. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 190. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Members Bioprofile". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 227. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 240-241. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 358. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 223. Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  14. ^ "Statistical report on general elections, 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 215. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "Statistical report on general elections, 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 267. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Election Commission of India, General Elections, 2009 (15th Lok Sabha)" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 104. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "General Election to Lok Sabha Trends & Result 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014.