Rashtriya Janata Dal

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Rashtriya Janata Dal
Chairperson Lalu Prasad Yadav
Founded 5 July 1997
Headquarters 13, V P House, Rafi Marg, New Delhi - 110001
Ideology Social conservatism
Political position Centre-left
Colours Green
ECI Status State Party[1]
Alliance United Progressive Alliance (1999-2015)
Janata Parivar (2015-present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in the Legislative Assembly
24 / 243
(Bihar Legislative Assembly)
Election symbol
RJD party symbol


Leader in Rajya Sabha - Prem Chand Gupta
Politics of India
Political parties

The Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD-translation: "National People's Party") is a political party in India, based in the state of Bihar. The party was founded in 1997 by Lalu Prasad Yadav. The party came about as a result of Lalu Prasad Yadav, ex-president of Janata Dal, being evicted by Sharad Yadav,[citation needed] the then president, on corruption charges ($250 million) over the farm support funds.[2] The mass base of the party has traditionally been Yadavs and Muslims, two large and relatively politically active segments of Bihar's population.[3] In 2008, RJD received the status of recognized national level party following its performance in north-eastern states.[4] RJD was derecognised as a national party on 30 July 2010.[5]

work done[edit]

RJD Women's wing office in Delhi

On 5 July 1997, Lalu Prasad, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, Kanti Singh along with seventeen Loksabha MPs and eight Rajyasabha MPs along with many state and national leaders( Bhanu rai ,Binda rai ,Umesh Anand and many others) & supporters gathered at New Delhi formed the new political party, Rashtriya Janata Dal. It was formed as breakaway of Janata Dal. Lalu Prasad was elected as the first president of RJD.

In the March 1998 national elections, RJD won 17 Lok Sabha seats from Bihar but failed to make significant headway in any other state. Later that year, the party formed an alliance with Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party as an anti-Bharatiya Janata Party secular coalition but the coalition failed in garnering any widespread support.

In the October 1999 elections, RJD fought the election in alliance with Congress but lost 10 Lok Sabha seats including the seat of Lalu Prasad Yadav. In the 2000 state elections, however, it performed well, winning a majority of the seats in the state assembly in Bihar. Continuing its upswing in electoral fortunes, the party won 21 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections that it fought in alliance with Congress. It was a part of Indian National Congress led United Progressive Alliance from 2004 to May 2009, wherein Prasad held the position of the Railway Minister. In 2005 Bihar legislative assembly election RJD won only 75 seats and lost the power. In the state elections held later that year - as a result of no party being able to form a government - RJD continued its downward slide losing 21 seats.

In the Indian general election, 2009, the RJD broke its alliance from the UPA when seat sharing talks failed. The RJD formed its alliance with Ram Vilas Paswan's Lok Janshakti Party and Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party in what the media dubbed the "Fourth Front". The RJD performed poorly and won just four seats, all of them in Bihar. However, in the 2010 Assembly election, the RJD did not continue their alliance with Samajwadi Party.

In the Indian general election, 2014 the RJD came back to the UPA and contested the election in alliance with Indian National Congress and Nationalist Congress Party in Bihar. Out of 40 seats in Bihar, RJD contested on 27 seats, the INC on 12 and the NCP on one. The eldest daughter of Lalu Prasad Yadav, Misa Bharti and his wife Rabri Devi contested from Pataliputra and Saran respectively but both lost in election. The RJD won only four out of total forty Loksabha seats in Bihar.[6][7][8][9][10]

On 14 April 2015, the RJD, Janata Dal (United), Janata Dal (Secular), the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus breaking their long time alliance with the INC.[11] This would give the alliance 14 Lok Sabha seats and 30 Rajya Sabha seats.

On 7 May 2015, the RJD expelled Rajesh Ranjan for six years due to anti-RJD activities after speculation rose that he may join the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) for the 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.[12]

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