Mohammed bin Hammam

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Mohammed bin Hammam
Bin Hamam 2010.jpg
Bin Hammam, 2010
9th President of AFC
In office
1 August 2002 – 1 August 2011[1]
Vice President Zhang Jilong
Preceded by Ahmad Shah
Succeeded by Zhang Jilong[2]
Chairman of Qatar Football Association
In office
1 February 1992 – 1 February 1996
President Hamad Al Thani
Preceded by Rahman Ridzha
Succeeded by Mohammed Hashem
Personal details
Born Mohammed bin Hammam
(1949-05-08) 8 May 1949 (age 65)
Doha, Qatar
Nationality Qatari
Spouse(s) Fatima bin Hammam
Occupation Football administrator

Mohamed bin Hammam (Arabic: محمد بن همّام‎; born 8 May 1949) is a Qatari who was formerly a football administrator and president of the Asian Football Confederation from 1 August 2002 to 14 June 2011, and a member of FIFA's 24-man executive committee from 1996 to 2011 for more than 15 years.[3] On 23 July 2011, Bin Hammam was banned for life from all FIFA and football related activities by an action of its Ethics Committee.[4] Bin Hammam challenged this sanction in the Court of Arbitration for Sport and the ban was subsequently annulled on 19 July 2012 due to lack of sufficient evidence.[5] However, just 5 months later in December 2012, FIFA handed bin Hammam a second life ban from football after "conflicts of interest" were identified in his role as president of the AFC.[6]

He was the subject of an exposé published by the British newspaper, the Sunday Times in June 2014. The newspaper publish leaked email documents which showed that bin Hammam had paid members of other nations' Football Associations in the run up to his FIFA presidential election campaign and prior to the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup bids decision that took place in December 2010.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 8 May 1949 in Doha, Qatar. His father was a businessman and his mother was a nurse. He has eleven children. He worked in Qatar's football confederation from 1972 to 1996.

Presidency of AFC[edit]

During his time at the helm, he oversaw the creation of the AFC Champions League and the acceptance of Australia into the AFC. He also initiated the strategic development program called Vision Asia extreme golf club. He has been a FIFA Executive Member since 1996. He has opposed the participation of the Wellington Phoenix team in the Asian Champions League. He was re-elected once again in 5 January 2011.

In March 2011, he called upon Arab and Muslim nations to play the Palestine national football team at the Faisal Al-Husseini International Stadium: "I hope that all Arab and Muslim teams will come here to play matches against Palestine at their own home ground". A number of regional football squads had rejected the idea of playing there as it could be seen as tantamount to accepting the Israeli right to the West Bank.[7]

As well as being the president of the Asian Football Confederation, he is also the chairman of the Fifa Goal Bureau, whose grants provide financial support for member associations across the world. He was also influential in bringing the 2022 FIFA World Cup to his native Qatar.

2011 FIFA presidential election[edit]

Main article: 61st FIFA Congress

In an interview with The Guardian, Mohammed bin Hammam stated he might run against the incumbent president Sepp Blatter for the presidency of FIFA which will be decided during the 61st FIFA Congress between 31 May and 1 June 2011. He told the Guardian: "People have to try change. Change is good."[8] Bin Hammam said that Blatter was "an experienced person, he has made significant contribution to football worldwide but I believe there is a time limit for everything. There is now a time for a new face and a new heir."[9] Bin Hammam had supported Blatter's 1998 and 2002 presidential campaigns but admitted that he had fallen out with Blatter over issues within the FIFA Executive Committee. In August 2010 Bin Hamman had vowed not to run against Blatter saying that "I will be backing him to remain in office for a new mandate. He is my very good friend".[10]

Following the 10 May 2011 meeting of the CFU, Chuck Blazer a FIFA Executive Committee member and General Secretary of CONCACAF initiated an investigation [11] into allegations of attempted bribery despite not being in attendance. As a result of the investigations preliminary findings, Bin Hammam was charged with offering bribes for votes and appeared before FIFA's ethics committee on the 29th May. Bin Hammam withdrew from the presidential race the day before the ethics committee meeting, leaving Blatter to run unopposed.[12]

On 29 May 2011, FIFA's ethics committee suspended Bin Hammam and Jack Warner temporarily from all football-related activity pending the outcome of a full inquiry into accusations that they offered financial incentives to members of the Caribbean Football Union.[13] Bin Hammam said that he would appeal against the committee's decision to provisionally ban him from football related activity, saying that "The way these proceedings have been conducted is not compliant with any principles of justice."[14] He also issued a statement calling for his reinstatement as well as responding to the claims in detail.

While the appeals process is ongoing, Zhang Jilong is acting President of the Asian Football Confederation.[15]

On 23 July 2011, Bin Hammam was banned for life from all football activities by a five-member panel of the FIFA Ethics committee chaired by Petrus Damaseb. The committee found that his actions violated the organization' ethics rules after studying the reports of investigators and hearing the testimony of witnesses from the May 2011 meeting who were not available for cross examination by Bin Hammam's legal representatives.[4][16][17] Bin Hammam appealed against his ban, and was eventually rejected by the FIFA Appeal Committee.[18]

Bin Hammam took his appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport which heard the appeal on 18–19 April 2012. His lifetime ban was annulled by the court on 19 July 2012.[5][19]

In December 2012, FIFA handed bin Hammam a second life ban from football after "conflicts of interest" were identified in his role as president of the AFC.

Sunday Times exposé[edit]

On 1 June 2014, the Sunday Times published leaked emails given to them from a "senior figure inside the sport’s governing body". There were several emails leaked which shown that:

  • Two days prior to inviting 25 members of African football associations on an all expenses paid junket to Kuala Lumpur, $200k USD was withdrawn from the Asian Football Confederation accounts.
  • A second junket organised was four months later, guests were encouraged to bring their family and were given $5k spending money
  • Swaziland Football Association president Adam Mthehwa requested a $30k payment as his "gratuity will only be paid to me when I reach the age of 55 in 2010"
  • Mohammed bin Hammam arranged for the delivery of sixty tickets for matches at the 2010 FIFA World Cup(valued at £3,800) to Cameroonian Football Federation President Issa Hayatou
  • Fadoul Houssein, president of the Djibouti football association emailed him to that he was "sure" bin Hammam would win the and received $30k for fund "expensive medical treatment" for his association’s general secretary.
  • The Somali Football Federation were paid $100k
  • Mohammed bin Hammam asked the Sudan Football Association to provide details to make a payment after they claimed to not be able to afford to pay the general assembly
  • Seedy Kinteh, the president of the Gambia football association was paid $10k. Kinteh implied that the money was paid in exchange for a vote to become president of FIFA when he signed off the email: "I have every reason to be grateful and indeed my President and Brother I AM !!!!". Kinteh later received $50k for a new car paid through bin Hammam's daughter's account.
  • Mohammed bin Hammam paid Manuel Dende, the Sao Tome FA president $50k, after Dende initially requesting $232k.
  • Paid Izetta Wesley, the Liberian FA President, $10k,
  • Paid Kalusha Bwalya $50k for his "football association and personal expenditures" on a trip to Doha.
  • Paid controlled FIFA's Goal programme and paid $400k to the African FIFA Executive members' Fotball Association (Cameroon, Nigeria and Ivory Coast)
  • Paid $50k to Namibian Football Association to assist with "second division leagues that went crippled by the prevailing global economic melt down."
  • Paid Somalia Football Federation $100k through his daughter's account
  • Paid CECAFA $200k three days after the World Cup bids had been decided to fund the 2010 CECAFA Cup, a tournament that is played by East African national teams.
  • Ganesh Thapa, president of the Nepalese FA, was paid a total of £115,000 from two separate Kemco accounts in March and August 2010[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zhang Jilong assumes office
  2. ^ Zhang Jilong will be acting president, says AFC
  3. ^ http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/bodies/exco.html[dead link]
  4. ^ a b Bin Hammam Banned, The Independent, 24 July 2011, The Independent 24 July 2011
  5. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/18901316
  6. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/20762363
  7. ^ Ezzedine, Hossam (10 March 2011). "Thailand defeat Palestine on penalties". AFP. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  8. ^ Scott, Matt (10 March 2011). "Mohamed bin Hammam set to run against Sepp Blatter for Fifa presidency". The Guardian (London). 
  9. ^ "Mohamed bin Hammam confirms intention to run for Fifa presidency". The Guardian. 5 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Said & Done". The Guardian. 13 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Bahamian officials alert CONCACAF to bribery allegations, Bahamas B2bB, 31 May 2011
  12. ^ "Mohamed bin Hammam withdraws from FIFA presidential race". The Guardian. 29 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "Blatter escapes, Bin Hammam banned". ESPN Soccernet. 29 May 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  14. ^ "Bin Hammam to appeal against Fifa suspension". BBC. 30 May 2011. 
  15. ^ Asian Football Association vice-president Zhang Jilong takes the reins from suspended Mohamed bin Hammam, Daily Telegraph, 30 May 2011, Daily Telegraph, 30 May 2011
  16. ^ http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/bodies/news/newsid=1479068/index.html, FIFA Press Statement 24 July 2011
  17. ^ Video of Damaseb/Ethics Committee statement on Bin Hamman--FIFA, FIFA Video of bin Hammam Press Conference, 24 July 2011
  18. ^ http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/organisation/bodies/news/newsid=1511253/index.html, FIFA Press Statement 15 September 2011
  19. ^ "Bin Hammam wins appeal in FIFA bribery case". 20 July 2012. 
  20. ^ http://www.nepalnews.com/index.php/sports-archive/35411-uk-based-newspaper-says-anfa-prez-thapa-received-%C2%A3115,000-from-hammam

External links[edit]

Civic offices
Preceded by
Mohammed Hashem
President of Al Rayyan Sports Club
1982 - 1992
Succeeded by
Abdullah Bin Hamad
Preceded by
Rahman Ridzha
Chairman of Qatar Football Association
1992 - 1996
Succeeded by
Mohammed Hashem
Preceded by
Ahmad Shah
President of Asian Football Confederation
2002 – 2011
Succeeded by
Zhang Jilong