House of Thani

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The House of Thani (Arabic: آل ثاني Al Thani‎) is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to the Banu Tamim tribe. [1]

History and structure[edit]

The Al Thanis, an Arab tribe part of the Tamim tribe, which belongs to Mudar bin Nizar, settled at Gebrin oasis in southern Najd, in Saudi Arabia today, before they moved to Qatar.[2] They settled in Qatar in the early 18th century. Their first settlement was at the north of the peninsula and then they settled in Doha in the 19th century under their leader Mohammad bin Thani.[2] The group was named after the father of Mohammad, Thani bin Mohammad.[2]

The family are made of many fractions.[3] However, there were three major branches in the early 1990s: Al-Jassim, Al-Ahmed and Al-Jaber [4] The number of the family members during the same period was estimated to be about 3000.[5]

The leadership transitions in 1949, 1960, and 1995 were all forced abdications.[3] These abdications were forced by a nephew in one incident and sons in the others.[3] However, none of these forced abdications was a real challenge for the Al Thanis since they have managed to retain the power in each case.[6] Family members of the Emir have been mostly appointed to major posts in the cabinet or in the other state institutions.[3]

Rulers[edit]

List of Hakims and Emirs:

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thani
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mohammed
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jassim Ahmed
 
Fahad
 
Eid
 
Jabr
 
Thamir

The Emir Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani (ca. 1825–1913) Founder of Modern Qatar
1.1.1.1. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani I (18??-18?? Died when he was young)
1.1.1.2. Sheikh Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1851-1931)
1.1.1.3. Sheikh Thani bin Jassim Al Thani (1856-1943), Sheikh of Al Gharafa
1.1.1.4. Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani (1871-1930), Sheikh of Al Wakra
1.1.1.5. Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani (1880-1957), Former Sheikh of Al Rayyan, Ruler of Qatar (1914-1940, 1948-1949)
1.1.1.6. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-18?? Died when he was young)
1.1.1.7. Sheikh Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani (1881-1971), Sheikh of Umm Salal Mohammed, Ruler of Qatar (1913-1914)
1.1.1.7.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.1. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-1977)
1.1.1.7.1.1.1. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.1.2. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.1.3. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2. Sheikh Nasir bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2.1. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2.2. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2.3. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2.4. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.2.5. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.3. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-1970)
1.1.1.7.1.4. Sheikh Khalid bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.4.1. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.4.2. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.5. Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.5.1. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.5.2. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.6. Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.6.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.6.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.6.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.6.4. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.7. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.8. Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.8.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.8.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.8.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.8.4. Sheikh ??? bin Abdullah Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9. Sheikh Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1959)
1.1.1.7.1.9.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9.2. Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9.3. Sheikh Sultan bin Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9.4. Sheikh Ahmed bin Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9.5. Sheikha Najla bint Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.9.6. Sheikha Reem bint Khalifa Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.10. Sheikh Salman Bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.10.1. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.10.2. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.10.3. Sheikh ??? bin Salman Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.11. Sheikh Saud Bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.11.1. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.11.2. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.11.3. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.11.4. Sheikh ??? bin Saud Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.12. Sheikh Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani, Married
1.1.1.7.1.13. Sheikh Faysal bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.13.1. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.14. Sheikh Hasan bin Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.14.1. Sheikh ??? bin Hasan Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.15. Sheikha Noor bint Jassim Al Thani, Married
1.1.1.7.1.16. Sheikha Rowdha bint Jassim Al Thani, Married with Abdullah bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah
1.1.1.7.1.17. Sheikha Amna bint Jassim Al Thani, Married with Khalid bin Hamad bin Abdullah
1.1.1.7.1.18. Sheikha Al-Anoud bint Jassim Al Thani, Married, 2 Sons and 2 Daughters
1.1.1.7.1.19. Sheikha Tamather bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.20. Sheikha Fatma bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.21. Sheikha Muna bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.22. Sheikha Jawaher bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.23. Sheikha Sheikha bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.24. Sheikha Maha bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.25. Sheikha Moneera bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.26. Sheikha Khowla bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.27. Sheikha Leena bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.28. Sheikha Loolwa bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.29. Sheikha Mariam bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.7.1.30. Sheikha Noora bint Jassim Al Thani
1.1.1.8. Sheikh Ghanim bin Jassim Al Thani (188?-1???)
1.1.1.9. Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al Thani II (1893-1972), Sheikh of Umm Salal Ali
1.1.1.10. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani II (18??-18?? Died when he was young)
1.1.1.11. Sheikh Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani III (1895-ca.1980), Sheikh of Al Khiesa, Lusail, Rumeilah and Adba
1.1.1.12. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (1896-1985), Sheikh of Al Markhiya
1.1.1.13. Sheikh Salman bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-18?? Died while he was born)
1.1.1.14. Sheikh Idris bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-18?? Died while he was born)
1.1.1.15. Sheikh Mubarak bin Jassim Al Thani (18??-18?? Died while he was born)
1.1.1.16. Sheikh Salman bin Jassim Al Thani II (1899-1984), Sheikh of Dukhan
1.1.1.17. Sheikh Nasser bin Jassim Al Thani (190?-1978), Sheikh of Nasiriya
1.1.1.18. Sheikh Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani (190?-1976), Sheikh of Umm Al Amad
1.1.1.19. Sheikh Ahmed bin Jassim Al Thani (190?-1995), Sheikh of Al Khor

The Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.2. Sheikh Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani - Governor of Doha

The Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.3. Sheikh Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani

The Eid bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.4. Sheikh [ajban))

The Jaber bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.5. Sheikh Jabr bin Muhammed Al Thani (1878-1934)
1.1.5.1. Sheikh Muhammad bin Jabr Al Thani (1916-1983)
1.1.5.1.1. Sheikh Jaber bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.1. Sheikh Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.1.
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.2.
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.3.
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.4.
1.1.5.1.1.1.1.5. Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani (1959), Foreign Minister of Qatar (1992-today), Prime Minister of Qatar (2007-today)
1.1.5.1.1.2. Sheikh Jaber bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.2.2. Sheikh Hamad bin Jaber bin Jassim Al Thani, Director General of the General Secretariat for Development Planning (GSDP) and Chairman of Qatar Statistics Authority (QSA) (2007-today)
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.1. Sheikh Jabor bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.2. Sheikh Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.2.2.3. Sheikh Fahad bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.3. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.4. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.5. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.6. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.7. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.8. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.9. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.10. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.1.11. Sheikh ??? bin Jaber Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2. Sheikh Hamad bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2.1. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2.2. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2.3. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2.4. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.2.5. Sheikh ??? bin Hamad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.3. Sheikh Abdallah bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.3.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdallah Al Thani
1.1.5.1.3.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdallah Al Thani
1.1.5.1.3.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdallah Al Thani
1.1.5.1.3.4. Sheikh ??? bin Abdallah Al Thani
1.1.5.1.4. Sheikh Abdurahman bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.4.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdurahman Al Thani
1.1.5.1.4.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdurahman Al Thani
1.1.5.1.4.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdurahman Al Thani
1.1.5.1.5. Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.5.1. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulaziz Al Thani
1.1.5.1.5.2. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulaziz Al Thani
1.1.5.1.5.3. Sheikh ??? bin Abdulaziz Al Thani
1.1.5.1.6. Sheikh Nasser bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.6.2. Sheikh ??? bin Nasser Al Thani
1.1.5.1.6.3. Sheikh ??? bin Nasser Al Thani
1.1.5.1.6.4. Sheikh ??? bin Nasser Al Thani
1.1.5.1.7. Sheikh Ahmed bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8. Sheikh Fahad bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.1. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.2. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.3. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.4. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.5. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.8.6. Sheikh ??? bin Fahad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.9. Sheikh Mansour bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.9.1. Sheikh ??? bin Mansour Al Thani
1.1.5.1.9.2. Sheikh ??? bin Mansour Al Thani
1.1.5.1.9.3. Sheikh ??? bin Mansour Al Thani
1.1.5.1.10. Sheikh Hasan bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.10.1. Sheikh ??? bin Hasan Al Thani
1.1.5.1.10.2. Sheikh ??? bin Hasan Al Thani
1.1.5.1.11. Sheikh Faysal bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.11.1. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.11.2. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.11.3. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.11.4. Sheikh ??? bin Faysal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.12. Sheikh Khalid bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.12.1. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
1.1.5.1.12.2. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
1.1.5.1.12.3. Sheikh ??? bin Khalid Al Thani
1.1.5.1.13. Sheikh Talal bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.13.1. Sheikh ??? bin Talal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.13.2. Sheikh ??? bin Talal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.13.3. Sheikh ??? bin Talal Al Thani
1.1.5.1.14. Sheikh Thamir bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.14.1. Sheikh ??? bin Thamir Al Thani
1.1.5.1.14.2. Sheikh ??? bin Thamir Al Thani
1.1.5.1.15. Sheikh Nawaf bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.1.15.1. Sheikh ??? bin Nawaf Al Thani
1.1.5.1.15.2. Sheikh ??? bin Nawaf Al Thani
1.1.5.1.15.3. Sheikh ??? bin Nawaf Al Thani
1.1.5.1.16. Sheikh Falah bin Muhammad Al Thani
1.1.5.2. Sheikh Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani
1.1.5.3. Sheikh Ali bin Jabr Al Thani

The Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch[edit]

1. Thani
1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.6. Sheikh Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
1.1.6.1. Sheikh Issa bin Thamir bin Muhammed Al Thani
1.1.6.5 Sheikh Qassim bin Tamim Al Thani

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meet the world’s other 25 royal families
  2. ^ a b c "Line of succession: The Al Thani rule in Qatar". Gulf News. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kamrava, Mehran (Summer 2009). "Royal Factionalism and Political Liberalization in Qatar". The Middle East Journal 63 (3): 401–420. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Helem Chapin Metz, ed. (1993). "The Al Thani". Persian Gulf States: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. 
  5. ^ Helem Chapin Metz, ed. (1993). "The Al Thani". Persian Gulf States: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress. 
  6. ^ Crystal, Jill (July 1989). . "Coalitions in Oil Monarchies: Kuwait and Qatar". Comparative Politics 21 (4): 427–443. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Qatari emir Sheikh Hamad hands power to son Tamim". BBC. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 

External links[edit]