Moreuil

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Moreuil
Moreuil place centrale 1.jpg
Moreuil is located in France
Moreuil
Moreuil
Coordinates: 49°46′31″N 2°29′02″E / 49.7753°N 2.4839°E / 49.7753; 2.4839Coordinates: 49°46′31″N 2°29′02″E / 49.7753°N 2.4839°E / 49.7753; 2.4839
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Montdidier
Canton Moreuil
Intercommunality Avre Luce Moreuil
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Pierre Boulanger
Area1 23.43 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 4,040
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80570 / 80110
Elevation 32–113 m (105–371 ft)
(avg. 42 m or 138 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Moreuil is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Moreuil is situated on the D920 and D935 crossroads, some 13 miles (21 km) southeast of Amiens, on the banks of the Avre River.

Population[edit]

Population history
1700 1890 1896 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
1375 3371 3347 3586 3647 4099 4203 4156 4106 4040
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

History[edit]

Known by several names over the years, Morolium (1103), Moroil (1183), Moruel, Moroilum, Moroiel, Moreul (1240), Moureul, Moureuil (1340), Morveul, Morvels and finally Moreuil, the commune has ancient origins. Flint tools have been found here and the presence of tall boundary stones indicates pre-Roman settlement. Moreuil comes from a Celtic word meaning ‘sea’. Moreuil is found on the Roman road that links Compiègne, Montdidier and Amiens which explains the number of Gallo-Roman finds in the vicinity.

First mentioned around 800 as a fort and square on the river Avre, it was sacked by the Normans. The lords of Moreuil rendered great service to the Kings of France during the Crusades. One was created a Knight of the Order of Malta. During the Hundred Years War, Moreuil suffered through blood and fire. It was taken, won back and re-taken by the Burgundians.

During the Wars of Religion, it was one of the strongest supporters of the Catholic League In 1574 the towns’s two schools were burnt down, but reconstructed thanks to the benefices of Cardinal Antoine de Créquy, Bishop of Amiens and abbot of Moreuil.

In 1720 hat-making was established in Moreuil. Unaffected to any degree by the French Revolution, Moreuil was subject to foreign occupation during 1815 and during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. During the Great War, the town formed a part of the front line of the Western Front.

Places of interest[edit]

  • The church
  • The town hall
  • The war memorial

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]