Corbie

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For other uses, see Corbie (disambiguation).
Corbie
Town hall
Town hall
Corbie is located in France
Corbie
Corbie
Coordinates: 49°54′35″N 2°30′29″E / 49.9097°N 2.5081°E / 49.9097; 2.5081Coordinates: 49°54′35″N 2°30′29″E / 49.9097°N 2.5081°E / 49.9097; 2.5081
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Amiens
Canton Chief town
Intercommunality Val de Somme
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Alain Babaut
Area1 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 6,431
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80212 / 80800
Elevation 26–108 m (85–354 ft)
(avg. 67 m or 220 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Corbie is a commune of the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

The small town is situated 15 km (9.3 mi) up river from Amiens, in the département of Somme and is the main town of the canton of Corbie. It lies in the valley of the River Somme, at the confluence of the River Ancre. The town is bisected by the Canal de la Somme.

This Satellite photograph shows it in its context. The town is to the left and the fenny Somme valley winds down to it from the right. The chalk of the Upper Cretaceous plateau shows pale in the fields. The River Ancre flows down from the north-east. The A29 is shown under construction snaking across the chalk in the southern part of the picture. The fainter, straight line just to its north is the road N29. It passes through Villers-Bretonneux, the village just south of Corbie.

History[edit]

Corbie Abbey[edit]

Main article: Corbie Abbey

The town of Corbie grew up round Corbie Abbey, founded in 657 or 660 by the queen regent Bathilde, with a founding community of monks from Luxeuil Abbey in the Franche-Comté.

Its scriptorium came to be one of the centres of work of manuscript illumination when the art was still fairly new in western Europe. In this early, Merovingian, period the work of Corbie was innovative in that it showed pictures of people, for example, Saint Jerome. It was also the place of creation, in about 780, of the influential Caroline minuscule script.[1]

The contents of its library are known from catalogues of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. In 1638, Cardinal Richelieu ordered the transfer of the library's books to the library at Saint-Germain-des-Prés, which was dispersed at the end of the eighteenth century.

Town[edit]

In 1234, Floris IV, Count of Holland died at a tournament held here. In 1475, the town was taken by Louis XI. The Spanish took it on 15 August 1636 but were ousted in November by Richelieu and Louis XIII of France after a siege of three months.

In 1918, Corbie was on the margin of the battlefield of Villers-Bretonneux at which the First Battle of the Somme (1918) of the Spring Offensive came to a climax.

Pictures[edit]

Sights[edit]

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nordenfalk, C. (1995). Book Illumination Early Middle Ages. pp. 52, 54, 60. ISBN 2-605-00299-3. 
  • Voronova, T.; A. Sterligov (2003). Western European Illuminated Manuscripts 8th to 16th centuries. ISBN 0-86288-584-1. 

External links[edit]