Mumbai Urban Transport Project
The Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP), formerly the Bombay Urban Transport Project (BUTP), is a project formulated by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) to bring about improvement in the traffic and transport situation in the Mumbai metropolitan region with the assistance of the World Bank. The project envisages investment in suburban railway projects, local bus transport, new roads, bridges, pedestrian subways and traffic management activities.
Mumbai faces a major problem of traffic, transportation, commuting due to inadequate infrastructure and other facilities. Chaotic traffic conditions has slowed vehicular traffic on most of the roads. Many attempts have been made in the past to overcome the problem of road congestion but without much success. Finally a comprehensive project was thought of which will not only ease out the existing situation but also will act as guiding principle to control the ever increasing traffic menace for years to come. Thus came into existence Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP), a project that seeks to enable smoother transportation in Mumbai. It was set up as a continuation of the Bombay Urban Transport Project (BUTP).
The Bombay Urban Transport Project (BUTP) commenced in March 1977 and was completed in June 1984. The total cost of the BUTP was 390 million (equivalent to 2.9 billion or US$48 million in 2014) including a US $25 million loan from the World Bank. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) was the borrower of the loan, and the Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Undertaking (BEST) and the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) were the executing agencies of the project. The project concentrated mainly on improving the bus transport system in Mumbai operated by the BEST by procuring buses, construction of flyovers and installation of traffic signals. The project involved the procurement of 700 buses for BEST, the provision of new bus shelters and terminal, the construction/improvement of 5 bus depots and part of major workshop for BEST, the construction of 5 flyovers on the main arteries of Mumbai, the installation of new micro processor based integrated traffic signals at 77 junctions, the construction of pedestrian bridges and underpasses at important junctions, road/bridge widening/extensions and channelisation.
In 2002, the State Government, the Indian Railways and the MMRDA, with financial assistance from the World Bank, decided to undertake the MUTP to implement a long term solution to city's transport and communication issues. The main objectives of the project are to improve the traffic and transportation situation in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR), as well as institutional development and strengthening.
The parties involved in the project include:
- Government of Maharashtra
- Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation (MRVC)
- Indian Railways (IR)
- Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA)
- Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)
- Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST)
- World Bank
Phase I began in 2007 and was completed in 2011. The total estimated cost of the MUTP Phase I was 4526 crore (US$750 million). Most of the money was spent on railway projects, while less than a fourth was spent on road projects.
The following projects were proposed to be implemented under MUTP:
The road projects included in MUTP were the Santa Cruz – Chembur Link Road (SCLR) and the Jogeshwari - Vikhroli Link Road (JVLR). Besides the new roads, an independent Traffic Management Unit (TMU) was set up at MCGM and it was proposed to further strengthen it. The TMU is expected to play an important role in planning and coordinating the traffic and transportation system in the city. In addition to this, 250 state-of-the-art traffic signals were installed under the Area Traffic Control System in the Island City. The ATC would help in ensuring a smooth, fast and synchronised flow vehicular traffic which would minimise the delays at the inter-sections.
BEST's component of the MUTP budget was 1.25 billion (US$21 million). The amount was intended to procure new buses for replacement of overaged buses and to obtain technical assistance for "Institutional Restructuring & Management Information System Study". BEST purchased 644 single decker buses from Ashok Leyland. All buses meet EURO III standards. Tata Consultancy Services was awarded the contract for Institutional Restructuring and Management Information System Study for BEST. The study began on 19 September 2005, and the final report was submitted in February 2007.
Under MUTP – I, the rail component of the project called for an investment of 3030 crore (US$500 million), contributed 50% each by the State Government and Indian Railways. The project planned the construction of a 5th track from Mahim to Borivali and a 3rd and 4th track between Borivali and Virar, EMU service between Virar and Dahanu Road, widening of tracks between Virar and Dahanu Road and the construction of a 5th and 6th track between Kurla and Thane. The scope of rail component included optimisation of Central Railway, Western Railway and Harbour Line services. Under this, all suburban trains converted into twelve coaches, increasing carrying capacity of suburban trains by 35%. Conversion from DC to AC system, the speed of trains increased substantially. EMU Coaches of new design made of stainless steel better ventilation ensuring comfortable journey and less noise pollution.
In the 2012 Rail Budget, then Railway Minister Dinesh Trivedi announced that Phase I had been completed. The minister claimed that rail users in Mumbai had benefited with the induction of 1,500 EMU coaches, increasing the carrying capacity by a third. In reality, some works had not been completed such as EMU service between Virar and Dahanu Road, conversion of all Harbour Line services to 12 coach, and conversion from AC to DC had only been completed on Western Line. However, many of these have since been completed or are in planning stages.
The project agreement for MUTP Phase II was signed on 23 July 2010 by the World Bank, Maharashtra Government and MRVC. Eleven projects will be undertaken as part of MUTP-II. The total sanctioned cost of these projects in 2008-09 was 5300 crore (equivalent to 80 billion or US$1.3 billion in 2014), with the World Bank loan of 1910 crore (equivalent to 29 billion or US$480 million in 2014). The project expenditure was shared equally between the Government of Maharashtra and the Government of India. The cost was revised to 7006.53 crore (US$1.2 billion) in 2014. The MVRC blamed the cost escalation on delays that were caused by "political interference, sluggish clearance of files, and impediments in deciding alignments for routes and rehabilitation of people".
|Project||Sanctioned cost (crore)||Revised cost (crore)|
|CST-Kurla, 5th and 6th track||659||923.78|
|Mumbai Central-Borivali, 6th track||522||1049.91|
|Thane–Diva, 5th and 6th track||133||287.62|
|Extension of Harbor Line to Goregaon||103||147.60|
|1500 V DC to 25000 V AC power conversion||293||739.91|
|EMU train procurement||2930||3041.13|
|Maintenance facilities for EMU trains||205||323.67|
|Stabling lines for EMUs||141||178.91|
|Resettlement and rehabilitation of PAPs||124||124|
|Station improvement and trespassing control||128||128|
Phase III of the Mumbai Urban Transport Project was formalised on 8 December 2011. It will cost 52000 crore (US$8.6 billion). The two main projects of Phase III are a fast corridor from CST to Panvel which is expected to bring connectivity to the proposed international airport and a new suburban rail corridor between Virar and Panvel passing through Vasai and Diva Road. The feasibility study for the project will cost 100 million (US$1.7 million).
According to a Railway official, “Phase III is among the ambitious infrastructure projects as it increases connectivity to hinterland-like areas around Bhiwandi, and increases capacity on the Harbour Line. It will strengthen the Mumbai Metropolitan Region's infrastructure demands till around 2031."
The groundwork for Phase III will be done by 2015 when Phase II ends. Phase III work is scheduled to be completed by 2031.
The following projects will be implemented under Phase III.
- CST – Panvel fast corridor
- Virar-Panvel suburban corridor
- Extending Harbour Line to Borivali
- 3rd & 4th tracks between Virar-Dahanu
- 5th & 6th tracks between Borivali-Virar
- 3rd & 4th tracks from Kalyan to Kasara
- 3rd & 4th tracks from Kalyan to Karjat
- Introduction of 12 and 15 car trains on the Harbour Line
- Introduction of 15 coach trains on Central Line
The Bandra-Kurla Complex (BKC) will not get a suburban railway corridor as planned earlier. The corridor, initially proposed in the original draft of the third phase of the MUTP, was dropped from the final approved draft as the BKC will be getting corridors of the Metro Railway and the Monorail.
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