Nagari, Andhra Pradesh

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Nagari
నగరి
Town (Municipality)
Sai Baba Temple in Nagari,Chittoor
Sai Baba Temple in Nagari,Chittoor
Nagari is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nagari
Nagari
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 13°19′17″N 79°35′08″E / 13.3214°N 79.5856°E / 13.3214; 79.5856Coordinates: 13°19′17″N 79°35′08″E / 13.3214°N 79.5856°E / 13.3214; 79.5856
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Chittoor
Government
 • Type Legislative assembly of Andhra Pradesh
 • MLA R K Roja
Elevation 115 m (377 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 62,253
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 517590
Telephone code 91-8577
Vehicle registration AP-03
Website Nagari Municipality

Nagari is a Municipal town in Chittoor district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a semi agrarian – semi industrialised town. A sizeable textile manufacturing industry thrives in and around Nagari. Nagari is 5 km from the Andhra Pradesh - Tamil Nadu border and about 45 km from Tirupati. Nagari Municipality was established on 28.05.2005. Nagari and surrounding 10 Gram Panchayaths merged as Nagari Municipality. The Nagari Municipality is gateway of Andhra Pradesh from Tamil Nadu and it is a famous for cotton textile products by Power Looms and also Major textile companies. Nagari is the largest constituency in Chittoor District.

Etymology[edit]

The word Nagari is from the hindi words "nak" and "giri", which means hills with nose.

Geography[edit]

Nagari is located at 13°20′N 79°35′E / 13.33°N 79.58°E / 13.33; 79.58.[2] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).

The town is surrounded by hills all around with the prominent cliff popularly known as Nagari nose is conspicuous for miles around. The Nagari a.k.a. Kusasthalai river runs on the south of Nagari. The town is on the River of Kusasthali banks. Once upon a time kusa or Darbha was plenty here. So the river got the name Kusasthali.

Climate[edit]

Nagari experiences tropical climatic conditions and due to the close proximity of the Bay of Bengal the humidity is extremely high. Summers are long and hot. Monsoon season brings substantial rainfall and temperatures reduce during this period. Winters are much milder and the temperatures drop considerably. The best time to visit the place is from December to February.

Summer season starts in March and can last till June. Temperatures gradually increase over the summer and it reaches the peak level in May. Temperatures vary from a minimum of 35°C and can rise up to a maximum of 45°C. Summer season is not the best time to visit. Travellers who are not used to the extreme conditions might find it extremely uncomfortable.

Monsoon season is from June to October. The place gets the most rainfall in the months of October and November from the North East Monsoon. Nagari may receive certain amount of rainfall from the South West Monsoon as well. However this is limited and generally erratic.

Winter season is from December to February. Temperatures range between 20°C and 27°C during the winter season. December is usually the coolest month of the year.

Climate data for Nagari, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
32.8
(91)
36.7
(98.1)
40.3
(104.5)
43.3
(109.9)
40.8
(105.4)
35.7
(96.3)
34.8
(94.6)
34.8
(94.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.1
(86.2)
28.9
(84)
35.07
(95.11)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
20.1
(68.2)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
27.9
(82.2)
27.2
(81)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
23.5
(74.3)
21.7
(71.1)
19.9
(67.8)
23.69
(74.66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 22.0
(0.866)
19.7
(0.776)
2.9
(0.114)
13.9
(0.547)
45.7
(1.799)
69.7
(2.744)
113.0
(4.449)
118.6
(4.669)
119.1
(4.689)
157.5
(6.201)
218.7
(8.61)
130.5
(5.138)
1,031.3
(40.602)
Source: Indian Meteorological Department[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 62,253. The total population constitute, 31,363 males and 30,890 females —a sex ratio of 985 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[1][4] 6,842 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,571 are boys and 3,271 are girls—a ratio of 916 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 77.85% with 43,136 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[1][5]

Assembly Constituency[edit]

Nagari Assembly constituency is a constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one among 14 constituencies in Chittoor district.

Tamil voters constitute around 40 to 50 per cent of the electorate in this constituency which is situated in the southern tip of Andhra Pradesh.

Locking horns here are two senior leaders of Chittoor district. Irrespective of which party they are in, they have always been at loggerheads. In the current Assembly, one represents Nagari and the other Puttur but for the first time they will fight for the same seat.

With Puttur vanishing after delimitation, Law Minister R. Chenga Reddy and TDP strongman Gali Muddukrishnama Naidu are locked in a contest in Nagari, a constituency that is a blend of urban and rural voters.

It earlier had Nagari, Puttur (part), Narayanavanam, Karvetinagaram, Nindra and Vijayapuram mandals, but delimitation has resulted in Narayanavanam being included in Satyavedu and Karvetinagaram in GD Nellore Assembly constituency, while Vadamalapet and the entire Puttur mandal have been tagged on to Nagari. Though both the leaders have their own strongholds, the changed contours have introduced a new set of electorate, forcing them to try all means to keep their vote bank intact.

There were 1,76,873 registered voters in Nagari constituency in 1999 elections.

In 2009 elections, there were 1,68,421 voters in Nagari, out of them 1,40,363 voters participated in election and as a winning candidate, Gali Muddu Krishnama Naidu got 60,849 votes (43.35%).

Economy[edit]

The town mainly is a market place for surrounding villagers to sell their agricultural produce. Power loom based textile industry also contributes to the town's revenue share. The textile products are exported to Chennai, Bangalore, North Indian cities and European Markets like Germany. The Municipality income comes in the form of Tax, Government Orders and Bills sanctioned for Development by the Government of Andra Pradesh.

Granites produced in the factories in Nagari are exported to European and Asian countries.Agriculture produces: Sugarcane produce from Nagari and its surrounding villages are being supplied to the major sugar mills in Chittoor district and the neighboring districts.Apart from paddy, Groundnuts are extensively cultivated by the farmers of Nagari and is primarily used to extract groundnut oil.

Culture[edit]

The people of Nagari speak Telugu and Tamil.[6] Like most Indians, folks of Nagari wear traditional attire like Dhoti, Lungi and Saree, although the current generation prefers modern Western attire.

Transport[edit]

The town has 24 hours transport facility connecting to Tirupati and Chennai through road and rail. Nagari and Ekambarakuppam are two railway stations maintained by Southern Railways, Chennai. Nagari has a newly constructed Bus station for rural transportation. APSRTC buses are the mode of transport in and around Nagari. Small villages use Auto rickshaws to transport with Nagari. 201 212H and 911 are 24/7 road transport services between Chennai and Tirupati through Nagari.

The town has three domestic and one international airports near by it.

Educational institutions[edit]

There is a Government Junior College, High school & a Government Degree College which offers Bachelors degrees in Arts and Sciences and affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nagari
  3. ^ "Climatological Data of Important Cities". Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2012-03-27. 
  4. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  6. ^ The Hindu : Andhra Pradesh / Tirupati News : Chittoor a confluence of cultures