Narita, Chiba

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This article is about the city. For the music album, see Narita (album).
Narita
成田市
City
Top: Naritasan Shinsho Temple, Middle left: Narita Sky Access Line, Middle right: Tosho Temple in Sogo area, Bottom left: Narita International Airport, Bottom right: Narita Newtown in Karabe area
Top: Naritasan Shinsho Temple, Middle left: Narita Sky Access Line, Middle right: Tosho Temple in Sogo area, Bottom left: Narita International Airport, Bottom right: Narita Newtown in Karabe area
Flag of Narita
Flag
Location of Narita in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Narita in Chiba Prefecture
Narita is located in Japan
Narita
Narita
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°47′N 140°19′E / 35.783°N 140.317°E / 35.783; 140.317Coordinates: 35°47′N 140°19′E / 35.783°N 140.317°E / 35.783; 140.317
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Kazunari Koizumi
Area
 • Total 213.84 km2 (82.56 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2011)
 • Total 126,235
 • Density 590.33/km2 (1,528.9/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Ume
- Flower Hydrangea
Address 760 Hanasaki-cho, Narita-shi, Chiba-ken
286-8585
Phone number 0476-22-1111
Website www.city.narita.chiba.jp

Narita (成田市 Narita-shi?) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It is the site of Narita International Airport, the main international airport serving the Greater Tokyo Area.

As of March 31, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 126,235, with 54,021 households and a population density of 590.33 persons per km². Its total area is 213.84 km².

Areas[edit]

City Office
The street of Narita-san temple
The Great Peace Pagoda, Narita
Turtle pond at Shinshoji - Narita
Narita Gion Festival, one of famous for festival in Chiba Prefecture, with held on July

Central Narita[edit]

Central Narita is roughly defined as the area between Narita Station, Keisei Narita Station and the Narita-san Temple. The main road in central Narita is Omotesandō (表参道), which is lined with about 150 small shops and has been extensively renovated in recent years.

Narita New Town[edit]

Narita New Town is a planned residential area to the west of Narita Station. It has 16,000 homes with a total population of 60,000. The area was designed in 1968 based on the new towns surrounding London in the UK, and now houses most of the city's population.

Kōzunomori[edit]

Kōzunomori (公津の杜?) is a suburban area of Narita located south of the New Town, about 4 minutes by train from Keisei Narita Station. It has a population of about 12,000. The Kōzunomori Station is flanked by a large Ito-Yokado department store.

Airport and farm areas[edit]

Narita International Airport is located on the east side of Narita in a historically agricultural area called Sanrizuka (三里塚?). The construction and later expansion of the airport led to intense civil unrest among Sanrizuka residents (see Narita International Airport's history). Although land expropriation and poorer farming conditions due to the airport's construction have caused Narita's farming population to drop two-thirds from pre-airport levels, the area immediately surrounding the airport remains lightly populated by farmers. Some abandoned farmland is now used for golf courses, while other plots of land have become unofficial dumping grounds for garbage.

Industrial areas[edit]

There are two main industrial zones in Narita: Nogedaira (野毛平?) and Toyosumi (豊住?). Both zones were laid out in the 1960s to take advantage of Narita Airport and the ability to quickly import and export goods by air. An aircraft part repair plant operated by JAL (Japan Airlines) and Pratt & Whitney, called Japan Turbine Technologies, is located in the Taiei industrial estate.

History[edit]

Main Hall of Narita-san temple

The area around present-day Narita has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Archaeologists have found stone tools dating to some 30,000 years ago on the site of Narita Airport. Numerous shell middens from the Jōmon period, and hundreds of burial tumuli from the Kofun period have been found in numerous locations around Narita. Place names in the vicinity of Narita appear in the Nara period Man'yōshū (although the name “Narita” does not appear in written records until 1408). As Narita is located roughly equidistant from the Pacific Ocean and Tokyo Bay, around a number of small rivers, it was a natural political and commercial center for the region, and gained importance as a pilgrimage destination with the foundation of the noted Buddhist temple of Shinsho-ji in 940 AD. During the Heian period, the area was a center for the revolt of Taira Masakado. During the Edo period, the area continued to prosper as part of the tenryō within Shimōsa Province under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate.

After the Meiji Restoration, the area was organized as a town under Inba District on April 1, 1889. Portions of the town were destroyed by Allied air raids in February and May, 1945. On March 31, 1954, Narita gained city status through merger with the neighboring villages of Habu, Nakago, Kuzumi, Toyosumi, Toyama, and Kozu. Growth in the area began in earnest in 1966, when Prime Minister Eisaku Sato laid out the plan for Narita International Airport. The development of the airport and accompanying access to central Tokyo led to widespread residential, commercial and industrial development in the city. However, construction of the airport was widely opposed, and violent demonstrations occurred through the end of the 1960s and early 1970s, which delayed the opening of the airport until May 20, 1978.

On March 27, 2006, the towns of Shimofusa and Taiei (both from Katori District) were merged into Narita.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Narita, Chiba (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.7
(101.7)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
30.0
(86)
26.2
(79.2)
21.1
(70)
16.4
(61.5)
11.8
(53.2)
19.1
(66.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.0
(35.6)
7.2
(45)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.8
(71.2)
18.7
(65.7)
12.3
(54.1)
5.7
(42.3)
0.0
(32)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 61.8
(2.433)
62.9
(2.476)
115.6
(4.551)
116.6
(4.591)
119.6
(4.709)
144.9
(5.705)
123.2
(4.85)
117.2
(4.614)
214.8
(8.457)
202.1
(7.957)
99.8
(3.929)
50.7
(1.996)
1,429.1
(56.264)
Source: Narita Aviation Weather Service Center[1]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Tuna auction at Narita Wholesale Market

Economy[edit]

Although Narita's economy was historically focused on agriculture, the opening of Narita International Airport refocused the local economy on transportation, logistics and tourism. Most of the airport property is located within Narita City, but many airport hotels and airport-related logistics facilities are in the neighboring towns of Shibayama and Tomisato.

Prologis, FedEx Express, Sagawa Express and several other large logistics firms have major shipping centers in the city.

Nippon Cargo Airlines and Vanilla Air are headquartered on airport property within the city.[2][3] Spring Airlines Japan is headquartered in the Kozunomori area of the city.

JALways was headquartered in the JAL Operations Center at the airport before merging into JAL in 2010.[4]

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the city of Narita.

The following public high schools are operated by the Chiba Prefectural Board of Education.

  • Narita North High School
  • Narita Seiryo High School
  • Shimofusa High School
  • Narita International High School

Public libraries[edit]

The City of Narita operates the Narita Public Library. In addition each community center includes a library branch.[5]

Community centers[edit]

Narita operates several community centers, including the Central Community Center and various others.[5]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Rail[edit]

JR East Narita Express trains and Keisei Skyliner trains connect Narita Airport to central Tokyo.

Narita station
Kōzunomori Station

Highway[edit]

The Higashi-Kanto Expressway connects Narita to Tokyo and Chiba City. Chiba Kotsu and Narita Kuko Kotsu provide bus service through the city. The Narita City Loop Bus, operated by both companies, operates on two circular routes around the city, stopping in major commercial areas and at all major hotels.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Narita[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "成田空港 1981-2010年". 成田航空地方気象台. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  2. ^ "Corporate Profile." (Archive) Vanilla Air. Retrieved on January 19, 2014. "Headquarters Narita International Airport 2PTB, Chiba, JAPAN" - Address in Japanese (Archive): "成田国際空港 第2旅客ターミナル内" (Narita International Airport, inside Passenger Terminal 2)
  3. ^ "Corporate Profile." Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved on February 17, 2012. "NARITA OFFICE NCA Line Maintenance Hangar Narita International Airport Narita-shi, Chiba 282-0011, Japan" and "TOKYO OFFICE : Onarimon Yusen Bldg. 11F 3-23-5 Nishi-Shimbashi Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan"
  4. ^ "Company Profile" (Archive) JALways. Retrieved on December 12, 2009. "Registered Office 4-11, Higashi-Shinagawa 2-chome,Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan Head Office Japan Airlines Narita Operation Center 3F, Narita International Airport, Narita, Chiba,Japan 282-8610" Japanese address (Archive): Registered office: "本店所在地 東京都品川区東品川2丁目4番11号" Headquarters: 〒282-8610 千葉県成田市成田国際空港内 日本航空成田オペレーションセンター3階."
  5. ^ a b "Libraries and Community Centers". City Narita, Chiba, Japan. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Consolidation of Local Governments in Japan and Effects on Sister City Relationships", Consulate General of Japan, San Francisco

External links[edit]