Kamogawa, Chiba

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Kamogawa
鴨川市
City
Kamogawa Beach
Kamogawa Beach
Flag
Flag
Location of Kamogawa in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Kamogawa in Chiba Prefecture
Kamogawa is located in Japan
Kamogawa
Kamogawa
 
Coordinates: 35°06′50.5″N 140°05′56″E / 35.114028°N 140.09889°E / 35.114028; 140.09889Coordinates: 35°06′50.5″N 140°05′56″E / 35.114028°N 140.09889°E / 35.114028; 140.09889
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Area
 • Total 191.30 km2 (73.86 sq mi)
Population (April 2012)
 • Total 35,103
 • Density 183/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Pine
- Flower Rapeseed
- Fish Sparidae
Phone number 04-7092-1111
Address 1450 Yokosuka, Kamogawa-shi, Chiba-ken 296-8601
Website City of Kamogawa
Kamogawa City Office

Kamogawa (鴨川市 Kamogawa-shi?) is a city located in southern Chiba Prefecture, Japan.[1]

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 35,103 and a population density of 183 persons per km². The total area is 191.30 km².

The name of the city is made of two characters: the first, kamo (鴨), meaning "duck", and the second, kawa (川), meaning "river".[2]

Geography[edit]

Kamogawa is located near the southern tip of the Bōsō Peninsula, facing the Pacific Ocean. The area has a warm maritime climate with hot summers and mild winters. Kamogawa is home to Mount Atago, which at 408.2 m (1,339 ft) is the highest point in Chiba Prefecture. It is the highest point in Chiba Prefecture.[3] Mount Kiyosumi (337 m (1,106 ft)) is home to Seichō-ji. The Kamo River (22.25 kilometres (13.83 mi)) empties into the Pacific Ocean at Kamogawa.[4]

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The area of present-day Kamogawa was part of ancient Awa Province. Nichiren (1222 – 1282) was born in the Kominato district of Kamogawa, and his birthplace is commemorated at Tanjō-ji.[5] During the Edo period, it was mostly tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, with portions under the control of the feudal domains of Funagata Domain, Tateyama Domain, Iwasuki Domain and Tsurumaki Domain.[2] The short-lived (1638-1690) Tōjō Domain and the Bakumatsu period Hanabusa Domain were also located within the borders of modern Kamogawa.

Modern history[edit]

In 1877, ten years after the beginning of the Meiji era, Kamogawa suffered a notable cholera outbreak. In 1927 Awa-Kamogawa Station became the terminus of both the Sotobō Line and the Uchibō Line.[2] The city sustained injuries and fatalities during World War II via aerial bombing by the United States. The city was occupied by American forces after the war. Soon after, land reform and economic reform were carried out in Kamogawa. In 1958 the coastal areas of Kamogawa became a part of Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park, and the town became a tourist destination as a result of the establishment of the park.

Economy[edit]

Kamogawa serves as a commercial center for the surrounding region of south-central Chiba Prefecture. Commercial fishing remains the primary industry in Kamogawa, which has five active fishing ports. The city is noted for its sardine and mackerel production. Rice production and floriculture are practiced away from the coast.[2] The tourist industry is a growing component of the local economy, with visitors attracted to the area's beaches, hot spring resorts, Kamogawa Seaworld, and the Futomi Flower Center.

Administrative history[edit]

At the start of the Meiji period, Kamogawa consisted of all of Nagasa District with two towns and nine villages, and two villages from neighboring Asai District. All of these villages and towns (including Kamogawa Town) became part of Awa District in 1890. Kamogawa was elevated to city status on March 31, 1971.

On February 11, 2005, the town of Amatsukominato (from Awa District) was merged into Kamogawa.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Education[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people from Kamogawa[edit]

Cultural references[edit]

The anime series Lagrange: The Flower of Rin-ne is set in Kamogawa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kamogawa". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  2. ^ a b c d "鴨川(市)" [Kamogawa]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  3. ^ "Atago-yama". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-19. 
  4. ^ 河川現況
  5. ^ "Nichiren". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 

External links[edit]