Naryan-Mar

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Naryan-Mar (English)
Нарьян-Мар (Russian)
Няръяна мар″ (Nenets)
-  Town[1]  -
NM collage.JPG
Top left: Nenets Autonomous Federal Hall; top right; Zapolyarnaya Stolitsa Avenue; second from the top: Naryan-Mar post office; second from the bottom: Town Administration building; bottom left: a church in Naryan-Mar; bottom right: culture center
Map of Russia - Nenets Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Nenets Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Naryan-Mar is located in Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar
Location of Naryan-Mar in Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 67°38′N 53°03′E / 67.633°N 53.050°E / 67.633; 53.050Coordinates: 67°38′N 53°03′E / 67.633°N 53.050°E / 67.633; 53.050
Coat of Arms of Naryan-Mar.png
Flag of Naryan-Mar.png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Nenets Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar[1]
Administrative center of Nenets Autonomous Okrug,[1] city of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2011)
Urban okrug Naryan-Mar Urban Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Naryan-Mar Urban Okrug[1]
Mayor[2] Yury Radionovsky[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 21,658 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 1930[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 166000
Dialing code(s) +7 81853[citation needed]
Official website
Naryan-Mar on WikiCommons

Naryan-Mar (Russian: Нарья́н-Мар; Nenets: Няръянa мар", Nyar'yana marq, lit. "red town" ) is a sea and river port town and the administrative center of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. The town is situated on the right bank of the Pechora River, 110 kilometers (68 mi) upstream from the river's mouth, on the Barents Sea. Naryan-Mar lies north of the Arctic Circle. Population: 21,658 (2010 Census);[3] 18,611 (2002 Census);[6] 20,182 (1989 Census);[7] 17,000 (1973).

History[edit]

Industrial development in the area around Naryan-Mar began in 1930, in the course of the First Five-Year Plan of the Soviet Union. The growth of the region was the direct result of the development of the Pechora coalfield and the construction of related industrial infrastructure.

Naryan-Mar was for many years a center of the lumber industry, and possess several large, and currently defunct, lumber mills. At present, the biggest employer in the town is the petroleum company LUKoil.

The town's importance derives from being the only developed commercial port in an area of several thousand square miles. As a result, Naryan-Mar has a reasonably well developed tourist and hospitality services, with several saunas and hotels. The town also hosts a local museum, a large World War II memorial, an Orthodox church, and a historic district which predates the foundation of the modern city. Sports fishing is also possible in the area.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Naryan-Mar is the administrative center of the autonomous okrug.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as the town of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of okrug significance of Naryan-Mar is incorporated as Naryan-Mar Urban Okrug.[1]

Climate[edit]

Naryan-Mar has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with short, mild summers that may exceed +25 °C (77 °F) and very cold winters. Precipitation is somewhat greater in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Naryan-Mar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
2.8
(37)
7.9
(46.2)
14.2
(57.6)
27.8
(82)
33.4
(92.1)
33.9
(93)
30.8
(87.4)
23.9
(75)
17.2
(63)
6.5
(43.7)
3.0
(37.4)
33.9
(93)
Average high °C (°F) −13.2
(8.2)
−12.8
(9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.7
(40.5)
14.1
(57.4)
18.8
(65.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.3
(48.7)
1.6
(34.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−10.1
(13.8)
1.0
(33.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.2
(1)
−16.9
(1.6)
−10.9
(12.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.6
(33.1)
8.8
(47.8)
13.5
(56.3)
10.5
(50.9)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
−9.6
(14.7)
−14.0
(6.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average low °C (°F) −21.7
(−7.1)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−15.5
(4.1)
−11.2
(11.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
4.7
(40.5)
9.2
(48.6)
7.1
(44.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.2
(8.2)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
Record low °C (°F) −47.4
(−53.3)
−46.5
(−51.7)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−36.3
(−33.3)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−7.2
(19)
0.0
(32)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.8
(18)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−47.6
(−53.7)
−47.6
(−53.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.14)
24
(0.94)
26
(1.02)
29
(1.14)
37
(1.46)
48
(1.89)
55
(2.17)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
52
(2.05)
37
(1.46)
36
(1.42)
503
(19.8)
Avg. rainy days 3 2 3 7 14 20 20 25 24 16 6 4 144
Avg. snowy days 24 22 23 17 11 2 0 0 1 12 20 24 156
 % humidity 82 82 81 78 76 72 75 83 86 88 87 84 81.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 6.0 47.0 128.0 200.0 187.0 248.0 264.0 160.0 98.0 52.0 13.0 1.0 1,404
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[8]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[9]

Transportation[edit]

The port of Naryan-Mar

The town is served by the Naryan-Mar Airport.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

The town is twinned with:[10]

Future events[edit]

The All Russian Bandy Federation wants to arrange the final of the Russian Bandy Super League in the city.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Law #557-OZ
  2. ^ a b Krasny Tundrovik. Interview with Mayor Yury Radionovsky (Russian)
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net - Climate Data for Naryan-Mar" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Nar'jan-Mar Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  10. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]

  • Собрание депутатов Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №557-ОЗ от 24 февраля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №102-ОЗ от 19 декабря 2011 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Ненецкого автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ненецкого автономного округа"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Няръяна Вындер", №28, 28 февраля 2005 г. (Council of Deputies of Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #557-OZ of February 24, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #102-OZ of December 19, 2011 On Amending the Law of Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Nenets Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).