City of federal subject significance

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City of federal subject significance is an umbrella term used to refer to a type of an administrative division of a federal subject of Russia which is equal in status to a district but is organized around a large city; occasionally with surrounding rural territories.[citation needed]

According to the 1993 Constitution of Russia, the administrative-territorial structure of the federal subjects is not identified as the responsibility of the federal government or as the joint responsibility of the federal government and the federal subjects.[1] This state of the matters is traditionally interpreted by the governments of the federal subjects as a sign that the matters of the administrative-territorial divisions are the sole responsibility of the federal subjects themselves.[1] As a result, the modern administrative-territorial structures of the federal subjects vary significantly from one federal subject to another; that includes the manner in which the cities of federal subject significance are organized and the choice of a term to refer to such entities. In the federal subjects which have closed administrative-territorial formations, those are often given a similar status. Occasionally, this status is also given to the areas organized around the inhabited localities which are not cities, but smaller urban-type settlements.

As of 2013, the following types of such entities are recognized:

English designation Russian designation Entity in which it exists Type of higher level entity
Administrative-territorial formation with special status административно-территориальное образование с особым статусом in the Republic of Kalmykia republic
City город the Republics of Dagestan, Kalmykia, and Khakassia republic
City of republic significance город республиканского значения the Republic of Bashkortostan, Republic of Buryatia, Chechen Republic, Chuvash Republic, Republic of Crimea,[2] Republic of Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Karachay–Cherkess Republic, Republic of Karelia, Komi Republic, Mari El Republic, Republic of Mordovia, Republic of Tatarstan, and Udmurt Republic republic
City under republic jurisdiction город республиканского подчинения the Sakha Republic and the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania republic
City under republic jurisdiction (urban okrug) город республиканского подчинения (городской округ) the Tuva Republic republic
Closed administrative-territorial formation закрытое административно-территориальное образование the Republic of Bashkortostan republic
Republican urban okrug республиканский городской округ the Republic of Adygea republic
Urban okrug городской округ the Altai Republic republic
City город Krasnodar Krai krai
City of krai significance город краевого значения Altai, Khabarovsk, Perm, and Stavropol Krais krai
City under krai jurisdiction город краевого подчинения Kamchatka and Primorsky Krais krai
Closed administrative-territorial formation закрытое административно-территориальное образование Altai, Krasnoyarsk, and Perm Krais krai
Krai city краевой город Krasnoyarsk Krai krai
City город Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Kirov, Murmansk, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Pskov, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, and Vladimir Oblasts oblast
City of oblast significance город областного значения Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Kaliningrad, Kostroma, Kursk, Magadan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Omsk, Oryol, Penza, Ryazan, Sakhalin, Samara, Saratov, Tambov, Ulyanovsk, Volgograd, Vologda, and Yaroslavl Oblasts oblast
City under oblast jurisdiction город областного подчинения Kemerovo, Kurgan, Lipetsk, Moscow, Tomsk, and Tula Oblasts oblast
City with the jurisdictional territory город с подведомственной территорией Murmansk Oblast oblast
Closed administrative-territorial formation закрытое административно-территориальное образование Astrakhan, Kirov, Moscow, Murmansk, Orenburg, Saratov, Sverdlovsk, and Vladimir Oblasts oblast
Municipal formation with urban okrug status муниципальное образование со статусом городского округа Leningrad Oblast oblast
Okrug округ Tver Oblast oblast
Urban administrative okrug/city of oblast significance городской административный округ/город областного значения Bryansk Oblast oblast
Urban-type settlement of oblast significance посёлок городского типа областного значения Chelyabinsk and Kaliningrad Oblasts oblast
Urban-type settlement under oblast jurisdiction посёлок городского типа областного подчинения Kemerovo Oblast oblast
Urban okrug городской округ Amur, Rostov, Smolensk, and Voronezh Oblast oblast
City of okrug significance город окружного значения Chukotka, Khanty-Mansi, Nenets, and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs oblast
City of oblast significance город областного значения Jewish Autonomous Oblast autonomous oblast

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Энциклопедический словарь конституционного права". Статья "Административно-территориальное устройство". Сост. А. А. Избранов. — Мн.: Изд. В.М. Суров, 2001.
  2. ^ The Republic of Crimea is a federal subject of Russia established on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula, which is disputed between Russia and Ukraine