City of federal subject significance

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City of federal subject significance is an umbrella term used to refer to a type of an administrative division of a federal subject of Russia which is equal in status to a district but is organized around a large city; occasionally with surrounding rural territories.

According to the 1993 Constitution of Russia, the administrative-territorial structure of the federal subjects is not identified as the responsibility of the federal government or as the joint responsibility of the federal government and the federal subjects.[1] This state of the matters is traditionally interpreted by the governments of the federal subjects as a sign that the matters of the administrative-territorial divisions are the sole responsibility of the federal subjects themselves.[1] As a result, the modern administrative-territorial structures of the federal subjects vary significantly from one federal subject to another; that includes the manner in which the cities of federal subject significance are organized and the choice of a term to refer to such entities. In the federal subjects which have closed administrative-territorial formations, those are often given a similar status. Occasionally, this status is also given to the areas organized around the inhabited localities which are not cities, but smaller urban-type settlements.

As of 2013, the following types of such entities are recognized:

in the republics
in the krais
  • City (город): in Krasnodar Krai.
  • City of krai significance (город краевого значения): in Altai, Khabarovsk, Perm, and Stavropol Krais.
  • City under krai jurisdiction (город краевого подчинения): in Kamchatka and Primorsky Krais.
  • Closed administrative-territorial formation (закрытое административно-территориальное образование): in Altai, Krasnoyarsk, and Perm Krais.
  • Krai city (краевой город): in Krasnoyarsk Krai.
in the oblasts
in the autonomous okrugs
in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
  • City of oblast significance (город областного значения).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Энциклопедический словарь конституционного права". Статья "Административно-территориальное устройство". Сост. А. А. Избранов. — Мн.: Изд. В.М. Суров, 2001.
  2. ^ The Republic of Crimea is a federal subject of Russia established on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula, which is disputed between Russia and Ukraine