National Geographic Bee
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The National Geographic Bee (called the National Geography Bee until 1998) is an annual geography contest sponsored by the National Geographic Society. The bee, held every year since 1989, is open to students in the fourth through eighth grade in participating American schools.
The entities represented at the national level are all fifty U.S. states, the Atlantic Territories (Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands), the Pacific Territories (Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and American Samoa), the District of Columbia and the Department of Defense Dependents Schools.
The reigning titleholder is Rahul Nagvekar of Texas.
School competitions 
The competition begins at the school level, from fourth grade to eighth grade, usually in November, December, or January. This competition requires at least 6 people entered into the competition, whether it be a homeschooled, private, or public school bee. Any number of competitors may enter these competitions; typically five to six million students enter each year. There are two major stages in these competitions: preliminary and final. The preliminary competition is split into two parts: preliminary rounds and a semi-final or tiebreaker round, which is used only in the event of a tie at the end of the preliminary rounds.
In the preliminary rounds, the competitors are divided into groups of up to twenty, and each contestant is asked one question from each of seven themed rounds. Categories in the past have included Cultural Geography, Economic Geography, Across-the-Country, Around-the-World, Plants and Animals, Geographic Comparisons, Physical Geography, and Odd-Man-Out (a category where one is given three choices and a description and must determine which of the three choices does not fit that description). For each question answered correctly, the contestant is awarded one point. At the end of the seven rounds, the players with the top ten scores advance to the finals. A player may ask for a repeat or a spelling during these rounds, but only twice during the whole bee.
Quite often there is a tie, in which case a semi-final tiebreaker round is needed. For example, if six players finished the preliminary rounds with seven points and fifteen finished with six points, the six who finished with seven points automatically advance to the final competition. The fifteen with six points move into the semi-final round where the top four are determined to fill the remainder of the seats in the finals. This is done by asking every player the same question at the same time and giving each player twelve seconds to write down the answer. Each question is automatically repeated twice. Everyone reveals their answer at the end of the twelve seconds and players are eliminated on a single-elimination basis. If, using the above example of four open seats in the finals, there is a question where eight players are left in the semi-final round and three players get the question right, those three advance to the finals. The other five who got the question wrong will continue with the single-elimination procedure to determine which competitor will take the last open seat in the finals. A player cannot ask for a spelling or repeat in the semi-final round.
The final competition consists of two parts: the final round and the championship round. Each of the ten finalists starts with a clean slate. A player is eliminated after two misses and this continues until the number of contestants drops from ten to two and a third place finisher is determined. A player is not officially eliminated until the end of a series of questions, since if all or all but one competitor makes their second miss in that round, all the players stay in the competition. Again, a player may ask for a spelling or repeat on any question, but only once per question. Early in the round, questions may either require oral answers only or written answers from all the competitors at one time. Quite often, many of the earlier questions in this round contain visuals as part of the question, such as maps or pictures. Examples in the past include pictures of state quarters with the name rubbed off and maps of the US with national forests shown and numbered, where the contestant is given the name of the national forest and he or she much state which numbered forest corresponds to it. At the national level, they may also include items such as flags, musical instruments, hats, and even live animals. After a certain point, all the questions require individual oral answers only.
If there is a tie for the championship round or third place as mentioned above, a single-elimination, written tiebreaker procedure is used. For example, if there are four players left and three make their second miss in one round, the fourth advances to the championship round and the other three enter the tiebreaker. The moderator will ask each of the three players to answer the same question at the same time on a piece of paper, asking the question twice (players may not ask for a spelling or repeat here). If one of those three answers correctly, he or she will take the other seat in the championship round and the other two will continue in the tiebreaker until a third place winner is determined.
In the championship round, both players start with a clean slate again. The moderator asks both contestants the same question at the same time, repeated twice, and both players have fifteen seconds to write their answer. Both players then show their answers and each player who wrote a correct answer receives one point. There are three questions in the championship round. The player with the most points at the end is the champion. If both players are tied at the end, the competition enters the championship tiebreaker round. The rules are the same as for the championship round, except that the first player to get a question right that his opponent misses is the champion.
The Qualifying Test is the only part of the bee that is completely written. Every winner from each school takes this test to see if he or she can qualify for the state bee. The test comprises of 70 multiple choice questions, which must be completed in 60 minutes. The top 100 scorers in each state or territory advance to the state level competition.
State and national competitions 
The winner of each school-level competition takes a written test, and the top one-hundred in each state or territory qualify for the state bee. The rules at the state level are same as that at the school level, except the preliminary rounds are eight in number instead of seven, and in the preliminary rounds each player is limited to two repeats or spelling for all eight rounds. Players are also limited to two repeats or spellings in the final round, if they qualify. All the state bees are held on the same date, at the same time (in early April or late March) at all locations. State bees originally occurred for the fifty states, five U.S. territories (Guam, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands), Washington D.C., and the Department of Defense Dependent Schools (DoDDS), for a total of 57. The third place finisher from each state receives $50, the second place finisher $75, and the winner $100. In 1999 the state competitions for Guam, American Samoa, and Northern Mariana Islands were merged into one state competition known as the Pacific Territories, bringing the number down to 55. In 2009, the Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands competitions were merged into a single competition known as the Atlantic Territories, and since then there have only been 54 state competitions. The 54 state champions receive an all-expense paid trip to Washington D.C. for the national competition.
The rules at the national level are the same as those at the state, except the preliminary rounds are nine in number instead of eight. The championship round can also consists of five questions instead of three. The competition is held over two days, with the preliminary rounds on the first day and the final rounds on the second. The national finals are held in late May at National Geographic Society headquarters in Washington, D.C. and hosted by Alex Trebek. The ten finalists are guaranteed $500. The fourth-place finisher receives $1000 in cash, the third-place finisher at the national level receives a $10,000 college scholarship, the second-place finisher receives a $15,000 college scholarship, and the national champion receives a $25,000 college scholarship, as well as a lifetime membership in the National Geographic Society. Since the 2009 national bee, the national champion also wins a trip for two to the Galapagos Islands with Alex Trebek and the Jeopardy! Clue Crew.
International competition 
There is a international competition, which is also moderated by Alex Trebek, but it is run differently. The top finishers from each country's national competition form a team representing their country and participate in an Olympics-style event which includes a team written competition and a team oral competition. The 2011 competition was held at the headquarters of Google in the San Francisco area.
National Champions 
Of the twenty-four National Geographic Bee champions, twenty-two are male and two are female. Five are from the state of Washington, four are from the state of Michigan, three are from Texas, two are from Kansas, and various other states have been home to one champion each. Rahul Nagvekar, the winner of the 2012 finals received a $25,000 scholarship, a lifetime membership to the National Geographic Society, and a trip for 2 to the Galapagos Islands. Vansh Jain, the second-place finisher received $15,000, Varun Mahadevan, the third-place finisher received $10,000, and Raghav Ranga, the fourth-place finisher received $1,000. Other top ten finishers received $500. Champions and other top finishers are invited to apply to the three-member U.S. team sent to the biannual National Geographic World Championship.
|Year||Winner's Name||State||Grade||Final Question||Answer||Notes|
|1989||Jack Staddon||Kansas||Eighth||Name the flat intermontane area located at an elevation of about 10,000 feet (3,050 m) in the central Andes.||Altiplano||First Champion|
|1990||Susannah Batko-Yovino||Pennsylvania||Sixth||Mount Erebus is a volcano on which continent?||Antarctica||First female champion|
|1991||David Stillman||Idaho||Eighth||What type of landform is commonly associated with orographic precipitation?||Mountain||Had a perfect score in the finals|
|1992||Lawson Fite||Washington||Eighth||Many coastal countries have established so-called EEZs—areas extending 200 nautical miles (370 km) from shore over which countries have sovereign rights for resource exploration. What do the initials EEZ stand for?||Exclusive Economic Zone||Had a perfect score in the finals|
|1993||Noel Erinjeri||Michigan||Eighth||Tagalog is one of the three main native languages of which island country in Asia?||The Philippines||Was in the finals in 1992|
|1994||Anders Knospe||Montana||Eighth||The Tagus River roughly divides which European country into two agricultural regions?||Portugal|
|1995||Chris Galeczka||Michigan||Eighth||Pashtu and Dari are the official languages of which mountainous, landlocked country in southwestern Asia?||Afghanistan||Was in the finals in 1994|
|1996||Seyi Fayanju||New Jersey||Seventh||Name the European co-principality whose heads of state are the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell.||Andorra||Had a perfect score in the finals; presented an object in the 1994 finals, when he was the New Jersey state champion; was a contestant on the kids game show Figure It Out|
|1997||Alex Kerchner||Washington||Seventh||Asia's most densely populated country has about three million people and an area of less than 250 square miles (402 km²). Name this country.||Singapore||Was in the finals in 1996|
|1998||Petko Peev||Michigan||Eighth||More than 80 million people live in the European Union's most populous member country. Name this country.||Germany|
|1999||David Beihl||South Carolina||Eighth (homeschooled)||The condition characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in the equatorial region of the eastern Pacific Ocean is known by what Spanish name?||La Niña||First home-schooled champion; competed in 1999 Scripps National Spelling Bee championship later in the same month|
|2000||Felix Peng||Connecticut||Eighth||Name two of the three largest sections of Denmark, which include its mainland peninsula and two largest islands.||Jutland, Sjaelland and Fyn|
|2001||Kyle Haddad-Fonda||Washington||Eighth||Below the equilibrium line of glaciers there is a region of melting, evaporation, and sublimation. Name this zone.||Zone of ablation||Rhodes Scholar, Harvard graduate; Was in the finals in 1999|
|2002||Calvin McCarter||Michigan||Fifth (homeschooled)||Lop Nur, a marshy depression at the east end of the Tarim Basin, is a nuclear test site for which country?||China (People's Republic)||Youngest champion|
|2003||James Williams||Washington||Eighth (homeschooled)||Goa, a state in southwestern India, was a possession of which country until 1961?||Portugal||Also a competitor in the National Middle School Science Bowl and National Science Olympiad.|
|2004||Andrew Wojtanik||Kansas||Eighth||Peshawar, a city in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan, has had strategic importance for centuries because of its location near what historic pass?||Khyber Pass||Wrote Afghanistan to Zimbabwe guide with important information for each country.|
|2005||Nathan Cornelius||Minnesota||Seventh (homeschooled)||Lake Gatún, an artificial lake that constitutes part of the Panama Canal system, was created by damming which river?||Chagres River|
|2006||Bonny Jain||Illinois||Eighth||Name the mountains that extend across much of Wales, from the Irish Sea to the Bristol Channel.||Cambrian Mountains||Placed 13th in 2006 Scripps National Spelling Bee; was in the finals in 2005|
|2007||Caitlin Snaring||Washington||Eighth (homeschooled)||A city that is divided by a river of the same name was the imperial capital of Vietnam for more than a century. Name this city, which is still an important cultural center.||Huế||Had a perfect score in the finals; second female champion|
|2008||Akshay Rajagopal||Nebraska||Sixth||The urban area of Cochabamba has been in the news recently due to protests over the privatization of the municipal water supply and regional autonomy issues. Cochabamba is the third-largest conurbation in what country?||Bolivia||Had a perfect score in the finals.
Won the Bee on his first attempt at the school, state, and national level.
|2009||Eric Yang||Texas||Seventh||Timis County shares its name with a tributary of the Danube and is located in the western part of which European country?||Romania||Had a perfect score in the finals|
|2010||Aadith Moorthy||Florida||Eighth||The largest city in northern Haiti was renamed following Haiti’s independence from France. What is the present-day name of this city?||Cap-Haïtien||Won the bee the first year he came to the National Level.|
|2011||Tine Valencic||Texas||Seventh||Thousands of mountain climbers and trekkers rely on Sherpas to aid their ascent of Mount Everest. The southern part of Mount Everest is located in which Nepalese national park?||Sagarmatha National Park||Had a perfect score in the finals|
|2012||Rahul Nagvekar||Texas||Eighth||Which Bavarian city located on the Danube River was a legislative seat of the Holy Roman Empire from 1663 to 1806?||Regensburg||First time contender in the National Championship|
2013 State Champions