National Party (Syria)

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National Party
حزب الوطني
Founder Hashem Al-Atassi
Founded 1947
Dissolved 1963
Preceded by National Bloc
Headquarters Damascus, Syria
Ideology Syrian nationalism
Conservatism
Secularism
Political position Centre-right
Politics of Syria
Political parties
Elections

The National Party (Arabic: حزب الوطنيḤizb Al-Waṭanī) was a Syrian political party founded in 1947, the party was a group that led the struggle against the Ottomans in Syria after the leadership of the revolution against the French mandate in 1926 make up the National Bloc (Hashem Al-Atassi, Saadallah al-Jabiri, Lotfi Al Haffar, Jamil Mardam Baik, Shukri al-Quwatli, Nasib al-Bakri, Ibrahim Hananu, Sultan Basha Al-Atrash, Faris Al-Khoury, Saleh Ali, Faisal Najib, Honorary Sami Al Baroudi, Mohamed Alocmr) under the French and sent a delegation to France, headed by Hashim Atassi and membership Saadallah al-Jabiri, Faris Al-Khouri, Jamil Mardam Bey, Ministers Odmon Humusi and Amir Naim Mustafa al-Shihabi and Antioch, as general secretary, to demand independence in 1936.

Established[edit]

Appeared split and the emergence of a clear, two of the bloc national trend pro-Britain and the Hashemites, led by Abdul Rahman al-Shahbandar pragmatic trend, which has sought to be more independent of Syria, led by Shukri al-Koutli Hashim Atassi After the incident, al-Shahbandar Aghtyaelaid label mass national trend in which supporters of each party was built People's Party led by Rushdie Kikhia, Nazim al-Qudsi, and the National Democratic Party, led by Shukri al-Quwatli in 1941

Political party is inherent in the footsteps of its founder, Shukri al-Quwatli independence hero was re-founded by a group of Syrian youth in the December 30, 2005 around the world after many conversations in chat rooms strenuous with a lot of trends in the Syrian opposition and loyal to the regime.

Goals[edit]

Freedom[edit]

Party believes that the first and most important objectives to be achieved to the Syrian people is the complete freedom because this is a free human rights have suffered as a result of all the dictatorial regimes that have crushed the will of the wretched of this rights, especially the poor class, where it is not about power and exercised by all the policies of deception, ignorance and intellectual oppression The material is a party to the freedom of these rights is the freedom of the Syrian sacred non-conditional and incomplete in all areas, even if that freedom does not agree with the party in its provisions and his party would work to preserve and strengthen it because it is the basis of all creativity

Justice[edit]

The second is the objective which will be the party that will lead to a Syrian man and comfortable feeling of satisfaction and trust, which will impact on the community are now predominant in a positive state of civil peace and friendship between people of the rule of justice that every citizen will feel that their dignity and their rights protected

Equality[edit]

It is the third party who will act to achieve that equality of all ethnic components of the Syrian people and all religions and all social classes will no longer be the heinous acts of the community Calcrqat, fraud and bribery, will achieve the goal in the third majority in a society is healthy and well and ready to act civilized and catching up with scientific progress of other nations

Principles[edit]

The party on five basic principles

  1. The basic principle: National citizen home
  2. The second principle: Syrian distinguished personal
  3. The third principle: What is not is a Syrian Ghraib
  4. The fourth principle: Syria seeks to serve Syrian and prosperity without regard to their political or intellectual
  5. The fifth principle: The Syrians are free to exercise all their wishes and aspirations of the requirement that does not result in any damage to any Syrian

Practice[edit]

The National Party and the President Shukri al-Quwatli most important role in shaping Syria and building the independent state of its economy and its military coups, but the series initiated with support from the countries surrounding Syria linked to external forces, arguing that the national trend of seeking to marginalize the People's Party calls for unity with the Hashemites, the policy differences Overthrows Vlabt role in the destabilization of the World Stability in Syria

Downhill[edit]

Because of the emergence of the question of Palestine as a central conflict between the major powers (United Kingdom, France, Soviet Union and the United States) and the rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser, a strong hand of nationalist and after Al-Quwatli acquiesced to their demands and give up the power to Abdel-Nasser, the feeling in the start of the Syrians during the few years extension, persecution and the emergence of the role of security services so that during the separation and the nationalist Baathists assumed senior positions in the army Vatahawwa democratic system in response to the process of separation and began to crack down on the national to the full track faded when Hafez al-Assad to amend the constitution and make the Ba'ath Party, the party leader.

Whereas the People's Party was friendly to the interests of Hashemite Jordan and Iraq, the National Party was opposed to them. Both parties were major players in Syrian politics until the 1963 Syrian coup d'état which brought the Ba'ath Party to power and drove most political parties underground.

References[edit]