Newborough, Cambridgeshire

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Newborough, Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire is located in Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire
 Newborough, Cambridgeshire shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,670 (Neighborhood Statistics 2011)
OS grid reference TF 20360 06042
Civil parish Newborough
District Peterborough
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterborough
Postcode district PE6
Dialling code 01733
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Peterborough
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Coordinates: 52°38′20″N 0°13′22″W / 52.638785°N 0.222760°W / 52.638785; -0.222760

Signpost in Newborough

Background[edit]

Newborough is a village and a civil parish in the Peterborough district, Cambridgeshire, England. Newborough is situated 7.62 km (4.74 mi) North of Peterborough. Newborough has a population of 1,670 according to the 2011 census [1]

Newborough is located along the B1443 and is a short distance away from the A16.

In the 1870s Newborough was described as: A parish in Peterborough district, Northampton; adjacent to the boundary with Lincoln and Cambridge. It was formed, in 1823, out ofan open fenny common. With land that has been much improved by draining, and is now principally arable. [2]

There were previously three Members of Parliament whose constituencies covered this ward; Shailesh Vara of North West Cambridgeshire constituency for the parish of Peakirk, Malcolm Moss of North East Cambridgeshire constituency for Borough Fen, the New1 polling district of Newborough parish, Eye Green ward, and Stewart Jackson of Peterborough constituency for the New2 polling district of Newborough parish. Following the boundary commission's fifth periodic review, the ward now lies wholly within the Peterborough parliamentary constituency.

Historical Map of Newborough in 1945.

[3]

Gunton's Road, Newborough, Peterborough by Rodney Burton

Newborough is directly translated to ‘new fortification’ from old English. Newborough was part of the Borough Fen, which was formed into a new parish in 1822. [4]

Newborough is a very large and scattered parish, and includes a hamlet called Milking Nook, approximately a mile away from the village. This is as old as the main village and got its name because in the 18th and 19th centuries farmers from neighbouring villages grazed their animals there. On the southern and south-western boundary run the ancient Roman Car Dyke, which is unspoilt, and a haven for wildlife. Borough Fen consists of around 3,000 acres and was originally waste and common land belonging to the Abbey of Peterborough. Then by Act of Parliament in 1812 land was allotted to the common land tenants, but some was sold for drainage expenses. This was the first drainage to take place. The inhabitants at this time occupied a few farmhouses and scattered cottages. In 1920 however the Soke of Peterborough County Council bought most of the land for smallholdings, chiefly for ex-servicemen. The gem of Borough Fen is the Duck Decoy. The earliest reference in 1670, when the Decoyman (Mr Williams) was granted permission to pierce the river Welland to lead water to his decoy pond. The Decoy was continuously managed by the Williams family until the death of Billy Williams in 1958, who was well known in the district. In 1951 the Wildfowl Trust undertook the financial responsibility of ringing the ducks that are caught, instead of killing them and the decoy is the oldest of the few decoys surviving. [5]

During the Saxon and Medieval periods Borough Fen lay permanently underwater, a haven for wildfowl, fish and eels which provided a staple diet for its population. Attempts to drain the fenland became a reality in the 17th century, when the Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden's plans were set in motion. One of the earliest dykes cut was the Highland Drain, which runs parallel to the Thorney Road. An Act of Parliament in 1812 forced the sale of land in Borough Fen to pay for drainage, and at the same time, allocated parcels of land in the parish to its common tenants. Further land sales were made under the Enclosure Act of 1822, with some of the proceeds funding the modern parish of Newborough in the southern part of Borough Great Fen.

More efficient drainage systems have led the way to mixed and arable farming and today the main crops are cereals and sugar beet. However, with the decline of sugar refining in the area, Oil seed rape and more recently Linseed have taken over.

The Borough Fen Duck Decoy is one of the oldest still in use in Britain. The earliest known reference to the decoy dates from 1670 when a Mr Williams, acting for the Earl of Lincoln, was granted permission to take water by ditch from the nearby River Welland for the pond. The decoy remained in the hands of the Williams family until the death of Billy Williams in 1958. [6]


Population[edit]

Newborough has a population of 1,670 according to the 2011 census. When analysing the population graph, from 1961 to 2001 the population grew by 658 when comparing the data sets from the Neighbourhood Statistics and the Vision of Britain website.

However this abnormally large rise in population isn't truly valid as the two websites used different boundaries to outline Newborough. The Neighbourhood Statistics Census highlights Newborough as a much larger area than the Vision of Britain site explaining the change in population size.

Total population of Newborough Civil Parish, Cambridgeshire as reported by the census of population 1820 to 2011


Occupations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Newborough: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Vision of Britain summary". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Historical map of Newborough". Vision of Britain. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Mills, A.D. "Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names". http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/map/place/Huntingdonshire/Newborough. Watts. 
  5. ^ Members of the Cambridgeshire Federation of Women's Institutes. The Cambridgeshire Village Book. Countryside Books. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Tajer, E V. "Newborough & Borough Fen History". http://www.newboroughpc.org.uk/Newborough_About.html. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Newborough, Cambridgeshire at Wikimedia Commons