Nightbreed

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Nightbreed
Nightbreedposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Clive Barker
Produced by Gabriella Martinelli
Jon Turtle
Joe Roth
Written by Clive Barker
Based on Cabal 
by Clive Barker
Starring Craig Sheffer
Anne Bobby
David Cronenberg
Charles Haid
Hugh Quarshie
Doug Bradley
Music by Danny Elfman
Cinematography Robin Vidgeon
Edited by Mark Goldblatt
Richard Marden
Production
company
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Warner Bros. (Home Video)
Release dates
  • February 16, 1990 (1990-02-16)
Running time 102 min.
Country United States
Language English
Budget US$11 million
Box office $8,862,354[1]

Nightbreed (also Night Breed on publicity material) is a 1990 American fantasy horror film written and directed by Clive Barker, based on his 1988 novella Cabal. The film features Craig Sheffer as Aaron Boone, an unstable mental patient led to believe by his doctor (David Cronenberg) that he is a serial killer. Tracked down by the police as well as by his doctor (the actual murderer) and his girlfriend (Anne Bobby), Boone eventually finds refuge in an abandoned cemetery called Midian, among a community or "tribe" of monsters and outcasts, known as the "Nightbreed", that hides from humanity.

Nightbreed was a commercial and critical failure at the time of its release. In several interviews, Barker protested that the film company tried to sell it as a standard slasher film,[2] and that the powers-that-be had no real working knowledge of Nightbreed's story.[3] Since its initial theatrical release, Nightbreed has achieved cult status.[4][5]

Barker had expressed disappointment with the final cut and longed for the recovery of the reels so it might be re-edited; a director's cut was scheduled for release in 2014.[6] Behind the scenes footage of some of the lost scenes has been uncovered and can be seen at Barker's Revelations website.[7]

Plot[edit]

Aaron Boone dreams of Midian, a city where monsters are accepted. At the request of girlfriend Lori, Boone is seeing psychotherapist Dr. Phillip K. Decker, who convinces Boone that he committed a series of murders. In reality, Decker is a serial killer who has murdered several families. Decker drugs Boone with LSD disguised as lithium and orders Boone to turn himself in; before he can, Boone is struck by a truck and taken to a hospital. There, Boone overhears the rants of Narcisse, who seeks to enter Midian. Narcisse, convinced that Boone is there to test him, gives Boone directions before tearing the skin off his face. Boone makes his way to Midian, a city standing under a massive graveyard, and encounters supernatural creatures Kinski and Peloquin. Kinski says that they should bring him below, but Peloquin refuses to allow in a normal human. Boone claims to be a murderer, but Peloquin smells his innocence and attacks him. Boone escapes, only to run into a squad of police officers led by Decker. Boone is gunned down by the police, but, due to Peloquin's bite, he comes back to life in the morgue. When he returns to Midian, he finds Narcisse there, and he is inducted into their society by Dirk Lylesburg, leader of the Nightbreed. In an initiation ceremony, he is forced to touch the blood of Baphomet, their deity.

Seeking to understand why Boone left her, Lori investigates Midian. She befriends a woman named Sheryl Anne and drives out to the cemetery. Leaving Sheryl Anne at the car, Lori explores the cemetery, where she finds a dying creature. Rachel, a Nightbreed, pleads for Lori to take it out of the sunlight, and, once in the shadows, it transforms into a little girl, Rachel's daughter Babette. Lori asks after Boone, but she is rebuffed by Lylesburg and scared off by Peloquin. As she leaves the cemetery, Lori discovers Sheryl Anne's corpse and her killer, Decker. Decker attempts to use Lori to draw Boone out of hiding. Boone rescues Lori, and Decker learns that Boone cannot be killed due to his transformation. Decker escapes, and Boone takes Lori into Midian. Rachel explains to Lori that the monsters of folklore were peaceful beings, hunted to near-extinction by fearful humans. Boone and Lori are banished from Midian by Lylesburg. Meanwhile, Decker learns how to kill Nightbreed and murders the residents of the hotel where Boone and Lori are staying. When Boone discovers the crime scene, he is unable to control his thirst for blood and begins drinking. The police find Boone and take him into custody, and, at Decker's urging, form a militia led by Police Captain Eigerman. Ashberry, a drunken priest, joins them as God's servant in their upcoming battle against Midian. Lori, Rachel, and Narcisse rescue Boone, and the four return to Midian, where Boone convinces the Nightbreed to stand and fight.

During the battle, Ashberry learns that there are women and children among the Nightbreed. When he tries to halt the attack, he is beaten by Eigerman. Ashberry finds the idol of Baphomet and swears allegiance to it, and, when he is splashed by its blood, he is burned and transformed. Boone learns from Lylesburg that Baphomet plans to destroy Midian. Boone argues to release the Berserkers, a monstrous, feral breed that were imprisoned due to their insanity, but Lylseburg is killed before he can open the cages. Boone releases them, and the Beserkers turn the tide of the battle. Decker confronts Boone and is killed. When Boone faces Baphomet, Baphomet says that Boone has caused the end of Midian but that this has been foretold. Baphomet charges Boone with finding a new home for the Nightbreed and renames him Cabal. Boone leaves Midian with Lori and meets with the remaining Nightbreed in a barn, where he says his goodbyes to Narcisse and promises to find a place where they will be safe. In the ruins of Midian, Ashberry stands in front of Decker's corpse and states that he wants vengeance on Baphomet and the Breed. When he presses Baphomet's blood to Decker's wound, Decker springs back to life with a scream.

Alternate ending[edit]

In an alternate ending, used in The Cabal Cut of the film, the Nightbreed await Boone in a barn whilst Boone says his goodbyes to Lori, as he must find a new home for the Nightbreed. Boone promises to return to her, but Lori, fearing she will become old whilst Boone will retain his youth, stabs herself. Boone resurrects Lori, making her Nightbreed.

Captain Eigerman wanders the underground remains where he stumbles upon the transformed Ashberry, who desires revenge. Eigerman shares this desire, but Ashberry rejects him, killing Eigerman and starting his hunt for the Nightbreed.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Clive Barker always loved monsters and felt that "there's a corner of all of us that envies their powers and would love to live forever, or to fly, or to change shape at will. So, when I came to make a movie about monsters, I wanted to create a world we'd feel strangely at home in".[8] He was interested in creating a "horror mythology from the ground up" and developing characters that would live on in sequels.[9] As he finished writing the novella Cabal, he realized that it would make a good film that he would direct himself.[10] He originally envisioned a trilogy of films.[11][12]

Nightbreed was the first of a planned three-picture deal Barker had with Morgan Creek, Joe Roth's production company, that included an adaptation of Son of Celluloid and a sequel to Nightbreed. The first compromise Barker made was to change the title of the film from Cabal to Nightbreed because Morgan Creek insisted on a more commercial title and thought that the original one did not mean anything.[13] He was given a budget of $11 million which was a considerable increase from the $2 million he had to work with on Hellraiser. His goal was to make the Star Wars of horror films. The monsters in the book are represented impressionistically over two or three paragraphs and the challenge Barker faced was to visualize them in much greater detail for the film.[14]

Filming[edit]

For the film, Barker used three soundstages at Pinewood Studios shooting some scenes on location at Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, Berkshire, UK over several nights and in Calgary, Canada.[9] Bob Keen and his crew had two months to play around with ideas before doing any modeling work. They used computer-controlled animatronics but only where necessary.[15] Towards the end of principal photography, Barker brought Star Wars concept artist Ralph McQuarrie in to paint mattes for the Necropolis sequences and design the history of the Breed in a symbolic way on an enormous mural across a 60-foot space on the set at Pinewood to be used in the opening credits.[16]

Barker was contractually obligated to deliver an R-rated film and could not make it as gory as his previous picture Hellraiser.[9] Barker previewed the first cut of Nightbreed with a temporary soundtrack that did not go well as people were confused by the characters' motives. He made some changes and the second test screening was much more successful. However, the ending with Decker's death was not well received and Barker changed it.[17] In late July 1989, the studio announced that the release date for Nightbreed was being pushed back from its original autumn 1989 date to early February 1990 instead. The press release cited "the complex demands of the film's ground-breaking post-production optical effects", but this also included McQuarrie's mural and matte paintings, and a week of additional shooting in late August that would see key parts of the narrative re-shot.[16] Barker shot extra scenes over three days in Los Angeles in late 1989 which included additional scenes with David Cronenberg which expanded and clarified his character. Barker's original version ran two-and-a-half hours and Fox asked for almost an hour to be cut prompting editor Richard Marden to leave the project in protest. Nightbreed was cut to two hours and then again to 102 minutes.[17]

Soundtrack[edit]

Nightbreed (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Film score by Danny Elfman
Released March 20, 1990
Recorded 1990
Genre Soundtrack
Length 46:46
Label MCA
Producer Danny Elfman and Steve Bartek
Danny Elfman chronology
Batman
(1989)
Nightbreed
(1990)
Dick Tracy
(1990)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[18]
SoundtrackNet 4.5/5 stars[19]
Filmtracks 3/5 stars[20]
Musicfromthemovies (favorable)[21]
Original Tracklist
No. Title Length
1. "Main Titles"   2:40
2. "Dream"   1:03
3. "Scalping Time"   1:54
4. "Into Midian"   2:31
5. "Meat For The Beast"   2:10
6. "Resurrection Suite"   3:37
7. "The Initiation"   2:50
8. "Poor Babette"   1:41
9. "Uh-Oh Decker"   1:39
10. "Boone Transforms"   0:56
11. "Rachel's Oratory"   1:04
12. "Party In The Past"   0:51
13. "Then Don't Say It!"   1:28
14. "Carnival Underground"   3:23
15. "Boone Gets A Taste"   2:44
16. "Breed Love"   1:52
17. "Mayhem In Midian"   1:43
18. "Baphomet's Chamber"   2:01
19. "Farewell"   0:59
20. "2nd Chance"   1:34
21. "End Credits"   4:33
22. "Country Skin (Performed by Michael Stanton)"   4:15

The score was composed by Danny Elfman and conducted by Shirley Walker, who also wrote the additional cue "Charge of the Berserkers" for the films climax and received an onscreen credit. Elfman said of his score, "Once again it was time for me to stretch out... Combining dark/fun/sweet/tribal all into one. The great joy in the score for me, other than working for Clive Barker, was being able to use the children's voices and a whole slew of ethnic drums and instruments together with an orchestra, in an attempt to bring a unique musical tone to the film."[22] Barker said "Danny is an extraordinary talent. The most uncompromised portion of that entire movie is the score."[23]

In an article on Danny Elfman, described as a rising composer in Hollywood who had just scored Tim Burton's Batman and was about to score Warren Beatty's Dick Tracy, Entertainment Weekly's Ron Givens noted that Nightbreed wouldn't get as much attention as these two big-budget movies, yet Givens praised Elfman's "needle-sharp crescendos and creepy choral plainchants" and added: "Seldom has scary-movie music been so spiritual."[24]

The song "Country Skin" is a country-and-western rendition of the Oingo Boingo song "Skin" (which appears on the 1990 album Dark at the End of the Tunnel), it was written by Elfman and performed by country singer Michael Stanton.[25] It can be heard in the film, played on a radio.[26][27] It was available as a bonus track on the CD and Cassette version of the soundtrack.[28]

Release[edit]

Marketing[edit]

According to Barker, the studio did not promote it well with posters that misinterpreted the content. When he saw the way they were selling Nightbreed, he "freaked out and said, 'What you doing? This isn't the movie, and was given all kinds of excuses ... 'Well, there isn't time to change it, we have to release it now'".[29] The head of marketing at Morgan Creek never watched all the way through because it "disgusted and distressed" him, according to Barker.[29] The studio did not understand it, it had no movie stars, it was violent,[29] and it had elements of fantasy and horror which they saw as a weakness while Barker saw it as a strength. They ended up marketing Nightbreed as a slasher film with television teasers that were confusing and did not represent it.[30] The trailer was sent to the MPAA and it was rejected 12 times. They forbid any monster footage and it was cut down to someone being terrorized with a razor which constituted only five minutes of Barker's film.[17] Looking back, Barker realized that Fox was better at promoting films like White Men Can't Jump but "not so good at selling the quirky stuff".[31]

The studio argued that there was no point showing Nightbreed to critics because the people who see horror films do not read reviews. Therefore, the film had to be sold to the lowest common denominator.[32] They refused to preview the film for critics, a decision which angered them.[30]

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Nightbreed was not well received by critics. Review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes reports 35% of critics gave the film positive write-ups based on 17 reviews, with a rating of 5.0 out of 10.[33] In his review for the Toronto Star, Henry Mietkiewicz wrote “Nightbreed might have been a monster movie milestone, if Clive Barker's directorial abilities had kept pace with his skill as a master of British horror fiction. Unfortunately, Nightbreed probably will be remembered as much for its haphazard plotting and underdeveloped characters as its delightfully daring concept”.[34] Derek Malcolm wrote in his review for The Guardian that “it is neither direct nor subtle enough as a piece of film-making. It is difficult to suggest that evil is human and monsters have souls within the context of a mountain of special effects. The result is patchy in the extreme and not always capable of transcending a genre that has become less and less intriguing as less and less is left to the imagination”.[35]

However, Entertainment Weekly magazine's Ty Burr gave the film a "B" rating, writing "From the film's gothic sets, fantastic makeup, and nightmarish plot line, it's clear that Barker owes as much to Poe and Lovecraft as to classic Hollywood screamers like Island of Lost Souls. But Barker's most perverse touch is that he makes these creatures the good guys (no wonder the PR flacks were bamboozled). Despite their grotesque appearance, they're a more colorful and engaging bunch than the emissaries of the normal world. Barker piles on more subversive subtext than his story can bear — it's a monster movie, after all — but his daft, Grand Guignol vision has real power. The quality that freaked out the studio, Barker's ambition, is precisely what makes Nightbreed so impressive." [36]

Filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowsky liked the film, calling it "the first truly gay horror fantasy epic", explaining how the unconsummated relationship between doctor and patient is in his view the central theme.[37][38]

Box office[edit]

Nightbreed was released on February 16, 1990 in 1,488 theaters, grossing $3.7 million on its opening weekend. It went on to make $8.8 million in North America, below its $11 million budget.[1]

Accolades[edit]

Award Category Recipients and nominees Outcome
Saturn Awards[39] Best Horror Film Nightbreed Nominated
Best Director Clive Barker Nominated
Best Make-Up Bob Keen, Geoffrey Portass Nominated
Amsterdam Fantastic Film Festival[39] Silver Scream Award Clive Barker Won
Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival[39] Special Jury Award Clive Barker Won
Fantasporto[39] Critics' Award Clive Barker Won
International Fantasy Film Award[39] Best Film - Clive Barker Nominated

Merchandise[edit]

Comic books[edit]

In 1990, to tie in with the film's box office release, Epic Comics produced a four-issue adaptation of the film, which included significant differences from the finished movie, more closely related to Clive Barker's original script. The comic book continued to run past the end of the movie, ultimately stretching to twenty five issues before it was cancelled.[40][41] A two part Hellraiser vs Nightbreed: Jihad graphic novel was also produced, featuring the Cenobites as agents of order against their chaotic nemeses, the Nightbreed.[42][43] Nightbreed returned in 1992, as a short story in the second issue of the four issue Epic anthology series.[44]

Video games[edit]

Two videogames based on the film were released shortly after the movie. The games were intended to form a trilogy[45] but due to the poor performance of the first two the third was never made.[46]

The first was a traditional action game[47] titled "Nightbreed, The Action Game",[48] and was released for the Commodore Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC, and for DOS.[49] Loosely following the same plot as the movie, it intersperses various action sequences.

The second was "Nightbreed, The Interactive Movie", released for the Amiga and ST and for DOS.[50] Also based on the film, there was less action involved as it was more of an interactive movie.[51]

Legacy[edit]

Morgan Creek is currently developing a Nightbreed television series based on the original film.[52][53]

The Cabal Cut[edit]

In 2009, Mark Miller, co-head of Barker's production company, Seraphim Films, helped track down the missing footage that was cut out of the director's cut of Nightbreed.[54] Miller discovered, after talking to a production executive at the studio, that the footage was never actually lost but readily accessible. When asked, a studio executive said that there was not a big enough audience to warrant the studio spending money on a new, extended cut of the film.[55] A VHS copy of Barker's 145 minute version of the film's mid-1989 workprint was discovered. It did not feature any of the re-shoots of Decker's murders.[56] An extended 159-minute cut version, from another VHS found in July 2009, was premiered on March 27, 2010 as part of the HorrorHound Weekend in Indianapolis.[57] This new version adds almost a whole hour that was cut from the theatrical release, including a musical score and more animation. In an interview, Barker said that he hopes to bring back Danny Elfman "and give us just a little bit of extra music for it."[23]

In early 2012, Russell Cherrington, a senior lecturer in film and video production at the University of Derby, created a composite cut of the film using the footage found on both VHS tapes as well as a DVD then recently released by Warner Archive Collection, Warner's made-to-order DVD service. This version is the most complete version of Barker's film available and has been dubbed The Cabal Cut. The cut runs 155 minutes long and was shown at that year's "Mad Monster Party" in North Carolina with actors Craig Sheffer and Anne Bobby attending.[58]

The "Mad Monster Party" projection of the Cabal Cut led to a renewal of interest among fans, especially on the Internet.[59] A new petition was created and social networks were used to raise awareness for the extended cut and to encourage producers to release it. This would be colloquially known as "Occupy Midian", a term coined by actress Anne Bobby.[60]

Shout Factory restoration[edit]

On July 19, 2013 Clive Barker announced via his official Facebook account that The Cabal Cut would be released on DVD by Shout! Factory through its horror dedicated label Scream Factory. This was confirmed during a Scream Factory panel at the 2013 San Diego Comic Con, a deal finalized by President David Robinson at Morgan Creek and Executive Producer Michael Plumides, just minutes before the announcement.[61][62] It was later confirmed to be a brand new director's cut that uses the footage and not the full Cabal Cut.[63]

Shout Factory announced The Director's Cut Blu-Ray in July 2014, with details following in September, with a release date for October 28, 2014. This version, overseen by Clive Barker, will run 20 minutes longer than the theatrical version and contain 40 minutes of new and altered footage.[64] Shout, with Warner Home Video, were able to locate the original film elements in the Warner archives to newly restore the sequences. Barker stated, "when Scream Factory told me that they found the Nightbreed film footage, I was gob-smacked! This is the ultimate validation of choices made by myself and Mark Miller all the way back in 2008."[65] Shout announced a Special Edition Blu-Ray / DVD combo pack and a 3-disc Limited Edition Blu-Ray, containing a booklet and the theatrical cut. The Limited Edition almost quickly sold out of its initial 5,000 units when pre-orders began for it, Shout ordered another 5,000 units for popular demand.[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nightbreed (1990)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Timpone, Anthony (1990). "Barker Bites Back". Fangoria Horror Spectacular (n°1). Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Salisbury, Mark (October 1990). "Flesh And Fury". Fear (22). 
  4. ^ Black, Amber; Trautmann, Tim (1996). "Interview". The Official Clive Barker Resource: Revelations. Retrieved 22 March 2012. "The movie has, and this is wonderful, you know, a lot of fans. And it's a cult movie and it's a real pleasure to me." 
  5. ^ Halley, Stefan. "10 Films that have gone from Crap to Cult". Eat Sleep Live Film. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "Films Still To Come...?". The Official Clive Barker Resource: Revelations. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Anatomy Of Some Scenes That Didn't Make It... Nightbreed Deleted Scenes". The Official Clive Barker Resource: Revelations. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Barker, Clive (December 1988). "Chains of Love". Fear. 
  9. ^ a b c Nutman, Philip (1991). "Introduction to Nightbreed". Nightbreed U.S. Video (Media notes). Clive Barker. 
  10. ^ "Nightbreed Presskit". Morgan Creek. 1990. 
  11. ^ Salisbury, Mark (December 1988). "Chains of Love". Fear. 
  12. ^ "Nightbreed « The Life and Art of Vern". Outlawvern.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  13. ^ Jones, Alan (November 1989). "Clive Barker's Nightbreed". Cinefantastique. 
  14. ^ Nutman, Philip (October 1989). "Bring on the Monsters!". Fangoria. 
  15. ^ Robb, Brian J (May–June 1989). "Games without Frontiers". Fear. 
  16. ^ a b Gilbert, John (October 1989). "The Breed: The Source of the Soul". Fear. 
  17. ^ a b c Jones, Alan (September 1990). "Nightbreed: The Trials and Tribulations of Clive Barker". Starburst. 
  18. ^ McDonald, Steven. "Nightbreed". Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Viewer Ratings. "Nightbreed". Soundtrack.net. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  20. ^ Viewer Ratings. "Nightbreed". Filmtracks.com. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  21. ^ "Nightbreed". Musicfromthemovies.com. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Danny Elfman Says...". Danny Elfman's Music For A Darkened People. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  23. ^ a b "Q&A session with Clive Barker & Peter Atkins". 5th Annual LA Times Festival of Books April 29th, 2000. Clivebarker.com. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  24. ^ Givens, Ron (February 23, 1990). "The Elfman Cometh". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  25. ^ Mattro. "Skin". Song Histories: Officially released tracks. Fool's Paradise: A Tribute to Oingo Boingo. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  26. ^ Elfman, Danny. "Oingo Boingo: The Complete History". Buzzinemusic.com. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  27. ^ "Nightbreed - Trivia". Imdb.com. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "MCA Records MCAD 8037". Nightbreed- Soundtrack details. Soundtrackcollector.com. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  29. ^ a b c Salisbury, Mark (October 1990). "Flesh and Fury". Fear. 
  30. ^ a b Timpone, Anthony (1990). "Barker Bites Back". Fangoria Horror Spectacular. 
  31. ^ Ferrante, Anthony C (September 1993). "Barker Looks Back". Bloody Best of Fangoria. 
  32. ^ Jones, Alan (July 1990). "How Fox Bungled Nightbreed". Cinefantastique. 
  33. ^ Nightbreed at Rotten Tomatoes; last accessed June 19, 2012.
  34. ^ Mietkiewicz, Henry (February 20, 1990). "Nightbreeds storytelling sacrificed". The Toronto Star. 
  35. ^ Malcolm, Derek (September 27, 1990). "The angel who fell to earth". The Guardian. 
  36. ^ Reviewed by Ty Burr (September 14, 1990). "Nightbreed Review | Reviews and News". EW.com. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  37. ^ Dying Light: An obituary for the great British horror movie
  38. ^ "Lachrymae - The Trail of the Three Mothers". Shadowtheatre13.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "Nightbreed: Award Wins and Nominations". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 21, 2011. 
  40. ^ do web 4u. "Night Breed Comics, Night Breed series, Clive Barker, Epic Comics, Horror series". Fullmooncomicbooks.com. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  41. ^ "Aaron Boone (comic book character)". Comicvine.com. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  42. ^ "Hellraiser Nightbreed: Jihad #1 - (comic book issue)". Comic Vine. June 6, 2008. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  43. ^ "Mile High Comics". Mile High Comics. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  44. ^ "Put a Nightbreed in your tank, Clive Barker's Hellraiser, Imajica - song, music - Copyright Info". Faqs.org. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  45. ^ "Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Interactive Movie (Game)". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  46. ^ "Night Breed: The Interactive Movie download - PC Game". Squakenet.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  47. ^ "Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Action Game". GameSpot. 1990-12-31. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  48. ^ "Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Action Game (Game)". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  49. ^ Your Sinclair: Nightbreed
  50. ^ "Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Interactive Movie for PC". GameFAQs. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  51. ^ "Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Interactive Movie". GameSpot. 1990-12-31. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  52. ^ Restored Nightbreed Cut Gets DVD Release. 'The Cabal Cut' is finally official - by Owen Williams 23 July 2013, Empire Online
  53. ^ Clive Barker Plotting Nightbreed For TV. Hellraiser headed for small screen too - by Owen Williams 04 April 2012, Empire Online
  54. ^ Barton, Steve (April 1, 2010). "Nightbreed Uncut Report: Wondering What You Didn't See? We've Got the Answers!". DreadCentral.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  55. ^ Zahn, James (June 1, 2009). "Nightbreed: The Director's Cut?". Fangoria. Archived from the original on June 12, 2009. 
  56. ^ Zahn, James (June 10, 2009). "Update on the Director's Cut of Nightbreed". Fangoria. Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. 
  57. ^ Barton, Steve (February 4, 2010). "See Nightbreed Uncut for the First Time EVER". DreadCentral.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  58. ^ Snellings, April; Ron McKenzie (March 21, 2012). "Seraphim’s Mark Miller on Nightbreed: The Director’s Cut". Rue Morgue. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  59. ^ Turek, Ryan. "Join Occupy Midian and the Push for a Nightbreed: The Cabal Cut Release!". Shocktillyoudrop.com. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  60. ^ Leitao, Jose. "The Cabal Cut Viral Trailer hits YouTube!". The Clive Barker Podcast. Retrieved 13 April 2012. "“Occupy Midian” was a name thought up by Anne Bobby during an interview with the Clive Barker Podcast. This group aims to work in close co-operation with the creative people currently restoring the film." 
  61. ^ Michael Plumides talks about Nightbreed: The Cabal Cut Dread Central
  62. ^ Zimmerman, Samuel. "[SDCC '13] Scream Factory releasing "NIGHTBREED: THE CABAL CUT" & more!". Fangoria. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  63. ^ Turek, Ryan (2nd Feburary 2014). "The Upcoming Nightbreed Special Edition is Not The Cabal Cut". ShockTillYouDrop.com. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  64. ^ "Scream Factory Facebook - FINAL SPECS for NIGHTBREED: THE DIRECTORS CUT Revealed!". 
  65. ^ Squires, John (February 4, 2010). "Full Release Details for Scream Factory's Nightbreed Director's Cut Blu-ray". DreadCentral.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  66. ^ "Scream Factory Facebook - NIGHTBREED: LIMITED EDITION - Now 10,000 UNITS". 
  • Clive Barker's The Nightbreed Chronicles; Clive Barker, Murray Close, Stephen Jones; ISBN 1-85286-260-2
  • Clive Barker's Nightbreed: The Making of the Film; Clive Barker, Mark Salisbury, John Gilbert; ISBN 0-00-638136-7

External links[edit]