Nijemci

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Nijemci
Village and Municipality
Nijemci
Nijemci
Općina Nijemci 2.jpgNaselje Nijemci.jpg
Nijemci is located in Croatia
Nijemci
Nijemci
Location in Croatia
Nijemci is located in Vukovar-Syrmia County
Nijemci
Nijemci
Coordinates: 45°8′N 19°2′E / 45.133°N 19.033°E / 45.133; 19.033Coordinates: 45°8′N 19°2′E / 45.133°N 19.033°E / 45.133; 19.033
Country  Croatia
County Vukovar-Syrmia
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality 4,705
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code Nijemci 32 245
Lipovac 32 246
Đeletovci 32 244
Donje Novo Selo 32 245
Banovci 32 247
Podgrađe 32 245
Apševci 32 246
Vinkovački Banovci 32 247
Area code(s) 32
Vehicle registration VK
Website opcina-nijemci.com

Nijemci is a village and a municipality in the Vukovar-Srijem County in Croatia.

In the 2011 census, there were 4,705 inhabitants in the municipality, 87.78% of which were Croats.[2] The second largest ethnic group are Serbs who live mainly in two villages in the north of the municipality.

Languages and names[edit]

The village's name means "Germans" in Croatian. The root of the word "nijem" means "mute", and is a known Slavonic etymology for the name of the Germans.

Before World War II there was a substantial Danube Swabian minority resident here. The Communist regime of Josip Broz Tito expelled almost all of them at the end of World War II after 1945.

In villages Šidski Banovci and Vinkovački Banovci, along with Croatian which is officiall in the whole country, as a second official language has been introduced Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Municipality is located in historical regions of Syrmia. Municipality total area is 224.68 km2. Rivers Spačva i Bosut flows through the municipality. The territory of the municipality is completely flat very fertile black soil.

Climate and weather[edit]

Nijemci municipality has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate as defined by the Köppen climate classification. Due to the influence of continentality temperature differences within one year are more pronounced than in the rest of country.

Population[edit]

Economy[edit]

Education[edit]

Settlements[edit]

The following settlements comprise the Nijemci municipality:[1]

Settlement Population
Nijemci 1,605
Lipovac 814
Đeletovci 511
Donje Novo Selo 498
Banovci 432
Podgrađe 371
Apševci 305
Vinkovački Banovci 169

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Nijemci". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  3. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  4. ^ http://www.nipp.hr/UserDocsImages/Registar%20geografska%20imena%20nacionalnih%20manjina%20RH.pdf

External links[edit]