||This article may be written from a fan's point of view, rather than a neutral point of view. (August 2014)|
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (June 2014)|
|Original author(s)||Ryan Dahl|
|Developer(s)||Node.js Developers, Joyent, Github Contributors|
|Initial release||May 27, 2009|
|Stable release||0.10.31 / August 19, 2014|
|Preview release||0.11.13 / May 1, 2014|
|Operating system||OS X, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Microsoft Windows (older versions require Cygwin), webOS|
Node.js is gaining adoption as a high-performance server-side platform and is notably used by Groupon, SAP, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Yahoo!, Walmart, Rakuten and PayPal.
Dahl was inspired to create Node.js after seeing a file upload progress bar on Flickr. The browser did not know how much of the file had been uploaded and had to query the Web server. Dahl wanted an easier way.
npm, a package manager for Node.js libraries, was introduced in 2011.
On January 30, 2012 Dahl stepped aside, promoting coworker and npm creator Isaac Schlueter to the gatekeeper position.
On January 15, 2014 Schlueter announced he was making npm his main focus and Timothy J Fontaine would be Node.js' new project lead. The next day, January 16, 2014, Timothy J Fontaine made a followup post outlining the road ahead where he mentioned bug fixing, performance tuning, staying up to date with the V8 engine and tooling as priorities.
Node.js applications usually run single-threaded, although multi-threaded execution is supported on Node.js 0.10+ from JXcore. Node.js is based on single-threaded execution, although Node.js uses multiple threads for file and network events.
Node.js can be compiled locally or downloaded as a pre-compiled binary. Applications are executed from the command line with the command: "node <application name>.js"
Traditional Web-serving techniques require each connection (request) to create a new thread, taking up system RAM and eventually maxing-out at the amount of RAM available. Node.js is different. It operates on a single-thread, using non-blocking I/O calls, allowing it to support tens of thousands of concurrent connections, without worrying about RAM limitations and the cost of context-switching between threads. The design of sharing a single-thread between all the requests means it can be used to build highly concurrent applications. The design goal of a Node.js application is that any function performing an I/O must use a callback.
Npm is the package manager that comes pre-installed with the Node.js server platform. It is used to install Node.js programs from the npm registry. By organizing the installation and management of third-party Node.js programs, it helps developers build faster. npm is not to be confused with the commonJS require() statement. It is not used to load code: instead, it is used to install code and manage code dependencies from the command line. The packages found in the npm registry can range from simple helper libraries like underscore.js to task runners like grunt.js.
Node.js registers itself with the operating system, so that it is notified when a connection is made. When a connection is made, the operating system will issue a callback. Within the Node.js runtime, each connection is a small heap allocation. Traditionally, relatively heavyweight OS processes or threads handled each connection. Node.js, however, uses an event loop, instead of processes or threads, to scale to millions of connections happening at the same time. In contrast to other event-driven servers, Node.js' event loop does not need to be called explicitly. Instead callbacks are defined, and the server automatically enters the event loop at the end of the callback definition. Node.js exits the event loop when there are no further callbacks to be performed.
Node.js has a developer community primarily centered on two mailing lists and the IRC channel #node.js on freenode. The community gathers at NodeConf, an annual developer conference focused on Node.js.
- Desktop IDEs
- Atom (free open-source)
- Nodeclipse Enide Studio (free open-source, Eclipse-based)
- JetBrains WebStorm (commercial)
- JetBrains IntelliJ IDEA (commercial)
- Microsoft Visual Studio with Node.js Tools for Visual Studio (commercial)
- Microsoft Visual Studio with TypeScript (commercial)
- NoFlo – flow-based programming environment integrated with GNOME APIs
- Online code editors
- Runtimes and debuggers
- Microsoft WebMatrix (free)
- Microsoft Visual Studio (commercial) with Node.js Tools for Visual Studio (free)
Similar environments available for other programming languages include:
- Tornado and Twisted for Python
- Perl Object Environment for Perl
- libevent for C
- Akka for Java and Scala
- EventMachine for Ruby
- vibe.d for D
- Erlang (programming language)
- Twisted (software)
- Scala (programming language)
- Dart (programming language)
- Go (programming language)
- https://github.com/joyent/node/tags?after=v0.0.4. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Missing or empty
- https://github.com/joyent/node/blob/master/ChangeLog. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Missing or empty
- Industry Usage, Node.js Website
- Geitgey, Adam (30 October 2013). "I-Tier: Dismantling the Monoliths". Groupon. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- "SAP AppBuilder". SAP. March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014.
- "You'll never believe how LinkedIn built its new iPad app". VentureBeat. May 2, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- http://engineering.linkedin.com/nodejs/blazing-fast-nodejs-10-performance-tips-linkedin-mobile. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Missing or empty
- "Here's why you should be happy that Microsoft is embracing Node.js". The Guardian. November 9, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- "WebMatrix - Front End Web Developers take note (ASP.NET, PHP, node.js and more)". Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- http://developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/posts/2011/11/yahoo-announces-cocktails-%E2%80%93-shaken-not-stirred/. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Missing or empty
- "Why Walmart is using Node.js". VentureBeat. January 24, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- "Clash of the Titans: Releasing the Kraken, NodeJS @paypal". fluentconf.com. May 28, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- "All such companies and their products in which Node.js is used". Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Harris, Amber (April 1, 2012). "The Birth of Node: Where Did it Come From? Creator Ryan Dahl Shares the History". Devops Angle. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- McCarthy, Kevin (January 31, 2011). "Node.js Interview: 4 Questions with Creator Ryan Dahl". Streetwise Media. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- "Ryan Dahl at JSConf EU 2009".
- "Ryan Dahl at JSConf EU 2009 Video".
- "Porting Node to Windows". Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Dahl, Ryan. "New gatekeeper". Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Schlueter, Isaac (January 15, 2014). "The Next Phase of Node.js". Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Fontaine, Timothy (January 16, 2014). "Node.js and the Road Ahead". Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Hughes-Croucher, Tom; Wilson, Mike (2012). Up and Running with Node.js. Up and Running (1st ed.). Sebastopol: O'Reilly. p. vii. ISBN 978-1-4493-9858-3. "I was concerned about the ability to program advanced push features into the website like I had seen in Gmail"
See the book's Foreword at OReilly.com
- Synodinos, Dio (December 13, 2010). "Deep inside Node.js with Ryan Dahl". InfoQ. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Finley, Klint (April 7, 201). "NodeConf Schedule Announced". ReadWriteHack. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Node.js Tools for Visual Studio". Codeplex. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- "Bergius: Flowhub and the GNOME Developer Experience". LWN.net. 2014-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- Hughes-Croucher, Tom; Wilson, Mike (April 2012), Up and Running with Node.js (First ed.), O'Reilly Media, p. 204, ISBN 978-1-4493-9858-3
- Ornbo, George (September 2012), Sams Teach Yourself Node.js in 24 Hours (First ed.), SAMS Publishing, p. 440, ISBN 978-0-672-33595-2
- Teixeira, Pedro (October 2012), Professional Node.js (First ed.), John Wiley & Sons, p. 408, ISBN 978-1-1182-2754-1
- Randal L. Schwartz and Aaron Newcomb (9 January 2013). "Episode 237: Node.js". http://twit.tv/show/floss-weekly (Podcast). TWiT.tv. Event occurs at 1:08:13. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Ribeiro Pereira, Caio (July 2013), Aplicações web real-time com Node.js (First ed.), Casa do Código, p. 143, ISBN 978-85-66250-14-5
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Node.js.|
- www.nodejs.org — official site