Nopaltepec, State of Mexico
Santa María de la Asunción Nopaltepec
|— Town & Municipality —|
|State||State of Mexico|
|Poulated by chichimecas||1134|
|Part of the Great Otompan Mayoralty||1535|
|Municipal Status||October 19, 1871|
|• Municipal President||Gumaro Waldo López (2006-2009)|
|Elevationof seat||2,450 m (8,040 ft)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|Postal code (of seat)||55970|
Nopaltepec is a village and municipality in State of Mexico, Mexico. It is about 250 km from Toluca the state capital. The name comes from Náhuatl meaning "on nopal (paddle cactus) hill". It was originally called "Santa María de la Asunción Nopaltepec" but after 1960, only Nopaltepec has been used.
The village 
The village begins to appear in records around 1603 though villages in this area have existed since pre-Hispanic times. The village officially becomes the municipal seat in 1872. In 1901 the Parish of Nopaltepec is established and was expanded in 1932. The village had a population of 3,224 in 2005.
The municipality 
As municipal seat, the village of Nopaltepec has governing jurisdiction over the following communities: Ex-hacienda la Puerta, San Felipe Teotitlán, San Miguel Atepoxco, Santa Inés Amiltepec, Ex-hacienda de Tepatepec, Colonia Venta de Cruz, Las Ambrises, and Rancho San Felipe (Moratepec).
The municipality is principally rural, mainly flat plateau with small elevations. With no lakes or rivers, all water supplies come from underground aquifers. Its flora is adapted to its semi-arid climate and include: pirúl, mezquite, licorice root, sweet acacia, date palm, maguey, various varieties of nopal eucalyptus, camphor, pine, trueno, mimosa, ash tree, and ornamental palms. Wild fauna include: rabbits, hares, squirrels, skunks, cacomixtle, tlacuache, chachahuate, lizards, cencuate, trout, rattlesnakes, linger and scorpions. Agriculture is the primary economic activity with the production of cactus fruit, pulque and basic grains for auto-consumption. There is some fish-farming here as well. There is almost no livestock here and only a few home-based workshops producing clothing, plastic items, plumbing, and metalworks.
The villages of this area in the pre-Hispanic era, were dominated by the Teotihuacan culture. Around 1134, the Chichimecas migrated here from what is now the north of Mexico, taking over these same villages. What now the municipality was part of the dominion of Xaltoca around 1200 and when this lord fell, the kind Xolotl consolidated this area along with Teotitln, Atepoxco as well as other villages that existed at the time. During the Aztec empire, this was part of the Acolhua region. After the Conquest, this area became part of the "alcaldia mayor" (lit. major mayorship) of Otompan and would remain so through the 18th century. The municipality would not be officially declared until 1871 with the name of Santa María de la Asunción Nopaltepec.
- "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de Mexico Estado de Mexico Nopaltepec". Retrieved 2008-03-12.[dead link]
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 "INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática".