Temporal range: Triassic
Nothosaurs (order Nothosauroidea) were Triassic marine sauropterygian reptiles that may have lived like seals of today, catching food in water but coming ashore on rocks and beaches. They averaged about 3 metres (10 ft) in length, with a long body and tail. The feet were paddle-like, and are known to have been webbed in life, to help power the animal when swimming. The neck was quite long, and the head was elongate and flattened, and relatively small in relation to the body. The margins of the long jaws were equipped with numerous sharp outward-pointing teeth, indicating a diet of fish and squid.
The nothosaurs consist of two suborders:
- Pachypleurosauria, small primitive forms, and
- Nothosauria, (including Ceresiosaurus, Lariosaurus, and Nothosaurus), which evolved from pachypleurosaurs.
Nothosaur-like reptiles were in turn ancestral to the more completely marine plesiosaurs, which replaced them at the end of the Triassic period.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
- Fantastic Facts About Dinosaurs (ISBN 0-7525-3166-2)
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- Colbert, E. H., (1969), Evolution of the Vertebrates, John Wiley & Sons Inc (2nd ed.)
- Rieppel, O., (2000), Sauropterygia I, placodontia, pachypleurosauria, nothosauroidea, pistosauroidea: In: Handbuch der Palaoherpetologie, part 12A, 134pp. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil Table of contents
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