Novozybkov

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Novozybkov (English)
Новозыбков (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Bryansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Novozybkov is located in Bryansk Oblast
Novozybkov
Novozybkov
Location of Novozybkov in Bryansk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°32′N 31°56′E / 52.533°N 31.933°E / 52.533; 31.933Coordinates: 52°32′N 31°56′E / 52.533°N 31.933°E / 52.533; 31.933
Coat of Arms of Novozybkov (Bryansk oblast).png
Flag of Novozybkov (Bryansk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug (town of oblast significance)[2]
Administrative center of Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug,[2] Novozybkovsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Urban okrug Novozybkov Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Novozybkov Urban Okrug,[3] Novozybkovsky Municipal District[3]
Statistics
Area (April 2011) 34.13 km2 (13.18 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 40,553 inhabitants[4]
Density 1,188 /km2 (3,080 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1701[citation needed]
Town status since 1809[citation needed]
Novozybkov on WikiCommons

Novozybkov (Russian: Новозы́бков) is a historical town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia. Population: 40,553 (2010 Census);[4] 43,038 (2002 Census);[7] 44,854 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1701 and was granted town status in 1809.[citation needed] Novozybkov was a major hemp supplier in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly for the production of ropes for the Imperial Russian Navy. Following the Crimean War, the demand for hemp fell, and cultivation stopped altogether at the beginning of the 20th century.[9]

The world's first ground effect vehicle designer Rostislav Alexeyev was born in the town.

During World War II, Novozybkov was occupied by the German Army from 16 August 1941 to 25 September 1943.

On April 26, 1986, Novozybkovsky District and the neighbouring Krasnogorsky District were contaminated with radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl disaster. Today, these two areas remain the most contaminated in the Russian Federation as to the total contaminated area and the intensity of contamination (curies per km²). The area not suitable for human habitation (more than 40 curies per km²) starts at 1 km west of Novozybkov city limits.[10]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novozybkov serves as the administrative center of Novozybkovsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated as Novozybkov Urban Okrug.[2]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b c Law #3-Z
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Nelson, Flynn (April 5, 2003). "Novozybkovo (quoting Kevin O'Flynn from the Moscow Times)". Bryansk Region (Russia). FOTW Flags of The World. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ Новозыбков: город на фоне радиации strana.ru

Sources[edit]

  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External links[edit]