Olšany Cemetery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Olšany Cemetery
Praha, Vinohrady, Olšanské hřbitovy, cesta.jpg
Olšany Cemetery in winter
Olšany Cemetery is located in Europe
Olšany Cemetery
Olšany Cemetery
Details
Year established 1680
Location Prague
Country Czech Republic
Coordinates 50°04′50″N 14°28′14″E / 50.080556°N 14.470556°E / 50.080556; 14.470556
Type Public
Style art nouveau
Number of graves 65,000
Tomb of Augustin Vološin, the first and only president of Carpathian Ruthenia
Graves of British Commonwealth service personnel, Olšany Cemetery

Olšany Cemetery (Olšanské hřbitovy in Czech, Wolschan in German) is the largest graveyard in Prague, Czech Republic, once having as many as two million burials. The cemetery is particularly noted for its many remarkable art nouveau monuments.[1]

History[edit]

The Olšany Cemetery was created in 1680 to accommodate plague victims who died en masse in Prague and needed to be buried quickly. In 1787, when the plague again struck the city, Emperor Joseph II banned the burial of bodies within Prague city limits and Olšany Cemetery was declared the central graveyard for hygiene purposes.[2]

Olšany necropolis consists of twelve cemeteries. There are two ceremonial halls assigned to bid farewell to the deceased; the newer one is located in a building of the former of Prague's first crematoriums. New to the scene is the "Olšany Cemetery Learning Trail" which is so far mapping the history of three of the oldest sections and also sketches the life stories of some celebrities buried here. Prague's Olšany cemetery excels in its picturesque style and its tranquil nooks, surpassing even Malostranský cemetery and Slavín, and is the biggest necropolis in the Czech Republic.[3]

To this day there is evidence of 230,000 people buried, 65,000 graves sites, 200 chapel graves and six columbariums in Olšany Cemetery.[4]

Part of the movie Bad Company was filmed in Olšany Cemetery.

Famous burials[edit]

Many well-known people are buried at Olšany Cemetery, including:

Writers, artists, and actors[edit]

Politicians[edit]

Others[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marie vitochova Jindrichkjer and Jiri Vsetecka, Prague and Art Nouveau, translation by Denis Rath and Mark Prescott, Prague: V Raji, 1995.
  2. ^ "New Town and Suburbs (Nove Mesto) – Prague Attractions". PlanetWare. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Beauty and Fame of Olšany Cemetery (Portal of Prague)". Praha.eu. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Beauty and Fame of Olšany Cemetery". Praha.com. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Radio Prague: Exhibition at Vitkov Memorial highlights the Klement Gottwald personality cult". 8 March 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 

External links[edit]