Oltenița

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Oltenița
Municipality
City center
City center
Location of Oltenița within Călăraşi County
Location of Oltenița within Călăraşi County
Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667Coordinates: 44°05′12″N 26°38′12″E / 44.08667°N 26.63667°E / 44.08667; 26.63667
Country  Romania
County Călăraşi County
Status Municipality
Government
 • Mayor Costinel Milescu (People's Action)
Population (2000)
 • Total 31,434
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Oltenița (Romanian pronunciation: [olˈtenit͡sa]) is a city in Romania in the Călăraşi County on the left bank of the Argeş River where its waters flows into the Danube.

Oltenita stands across the Danube from the Bulgarian city of Tutrakan.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1900 5,801 —    
1912 6,574 +13.3%
1930 10,389 +58.0%
1948 10,284 −1.0%
1956 14,111 +37.2%
1966 18,623 +32.0%
1977 24,414 +31.1%
1992 31,821 +30.3%
2002 31,434 −1.2%
2011 22,743 −27.6%
Source: Census data

History[edit]

Excavations on Gumelniţa hill near the city revealed a Neolithic settlement dating from the 4th millennium BC.

The first mention of a town bearing the name Oltenița appears in 1515 during the reign of Neagoe Basarab.[citation needed]

During the Crimean War the Ottomans attempted to cross the river at this point and inflicted heavy losses on the Russians.

In the Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878, Oltenița was an important crossing point into Bulgaria for Romanian troops called to aid the Russian Army during the siege of the Pleven (Plevna) stronghold.

During World War I, the garrisons of Oltenița and Turtucaia engaged in numerous artillery skirmishes. The spot was also chosen by allied German and Bulgarian troops for their invasion of Romania. The subsequent Battle of Turtucaia ended in a significant defeat for the Romanian Army.

Notable residents[edit]

External links[edit]