Romanian Academy

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Academia Română
Academy Seal
Founded 1 April 1866
Address Calea Victoriei, 125
Sector 1, București
Romania
President Ionel Valentin Vlad
Vicepresidents Dan Berindei
Cristian Hera
Marius Sala
Ionel Valentin Vlad
General Secretary Ion Păun Otiman
Website http://www.academiaromana.ro/

The Romanian Academy (Romanian: Academia Română) is a cultural forum founded in Bucharest, Romania, in 1866. It covers the scientific, artistic and literary domains. The academy has 181 acting members who are elected for life.

According to its bylaws, the academy's main goals are the cultivation of Romanian language and Romanian literature, the study of the national history of Romania and research into major scientific domains. Some of the academy's fundamental projects are the Romanian language dictionary (Dicționarul explicativ al limbii române), the dictionary of Romanian literature, and the treatise on the history of the Romanian people.

History[edit]

On the initiative of C.A. Rosetti, the Academy was founded on April 1, 1866, as Societatea Literară Română. The founding members were illustrious members of the Romanian society of the age. The current President of the academy (since 2014) is Professor Ionel Valentin Vlad.[1]

The name changed to Societatea Academică Romînă in 1867, and finally to Academia Română in 1879, during the reign of Carol I.

The founding members of the Academy:

Number Name Born Province Age at founding Died Member for Notes
1 Vasile Alecsandri 21 July 1821 Moldova 44 years, 254 days 22 August 1890 24 years, 143 days
2 Vincențiu Babeș 21 January 1821 Banat 45 years, 70 days 22 January 1907 40 years, 296 days
3 George Barițiu 4 June 1812 Transylvania 53 years, 301 days 2 May 1893 27 years, 31 days
4 Ioan D. Caragiani 11 February 1841 Macedonia 25 years, 49 days 13 January 1921 54 years, 287 days Aromanian
5 Timotei Cipariu 21 February 1805 Transylvania 61 years, 39 days 3 September 1887 21 years, 155 days
6 Dimitrie Cozacovici 1790 Macedonia 76 years, 90 days[2] 31 August 1868 2 years, 152 days Unknown date of birth
Aromanian
7 Ambrosiu Dimitrovici 20 July 1838 Bucovina 27 years, 255 days 3 July 1866 0 years, 93 days
8 Ștefan Gonata 1 February 1838 Basarabia 28 years, 59 days 18 September 1896 30 years, 170 days
9 Alexandru Hâjdeu 30 November 1811 Basarabia 54 years, 122 days 9 November 1872 6 years, 222 days
10 Ion Heliade Rădulescu 6 January 1802 Țara Românească 64 years, 85 days 27 April 1872 6 years, 26 days First President of the Academy
11 Iosif Hodoș 20 October 1829 Transylvania 36 years, 163 days 28 November 1880 14 years, 241 days
12 Alexandru Hurmuzaki 16 August 1823 Bucovina 42 years, 228 days 8 March 1871 4 years, 341 days
13 Nicolae Ionescu 1820 Moldova 46 years, 90 days[2] 24 January 1905 38 years, 298 days
14 August Treboniu Laurian 17 July 1810 Transylvania 55 years, 258 days 25 February 1881 14 years, 330 days
15 Titu Maiorescu 15 February 1840 Țara Românească 26 years, 45 days 18 June 1917 51 years, 78 days
16 I. C. Massim 1825 Țara Românească 41 years, 90 days[2] 1877 10 years, 275 days No known date of birth/death
17 Andrei Mocioni 27 June 1812 Banat 53 years, 278 days 23 April 1880 14 years, 22 days
18 Gavriil Munteanu February 1812 Transylvania 54 years, 59 days 17 December 1869 3 years, 260 days
19 Costache Negruzzi 1808 Moldova 58 years, 90 days 24 August 1868 2 years, 145 days
20 Alexandru Roman 26 November 1826 Transylvania 39 years, 126 days 15 September 1897 31 years, 167 days
21 C. A. Rosetti 2 June 1816 Țara Românească 49 years, 303 days 8 April 1885 19 years, 7 days
22 Ion G. Sbiera 1 November 1835 Bucovina 30 years, 151 days 22 October 1916 50 years, 204 days
23 Constantin Stamati 1786 Basarabia 80 years, 90 days 12 September 1869 3 years, 164 days
24 Ioan Străjescu 1833 Basarabia 33 years, 90 days 1873 6 years, 275 days No known date of birth/death
25 Vasile Urechea-Alexandrescu 15 February 1834 Moldova 32 years, 45 days 21 November 1901 35 years, 234 days

The Presidents of the Academy:

Number Name Term began Term ended Notes
1 Ion Heliade Rădulescu 1867 1870
2 August Treboniu Laurian 1870 1872 first term
3 Nicolae Crețulescu 1872 1873 first term
4 August Treboniu Laurian 1873 1876 second term
5 Ion Ghica 1876 1882 first term
6 Dimitrie A. Sturdza 1882 1884
7 Ion Ghica 1884 1887 second term
8 Mihail Kogălniceanu 1887 1890
9 Ion Ghica 1890 1893 third term
10 George Bariț 5 April 1893 2 May 1893 died in office
11 Iacob C. Negruzzi 1893 1894 first term
12 Ion Ghica 1894 1895 fourth term
13 Nicolae Crețulescu 1895 1898 second term
14 Petru Poni 1898 1901 first term
15 Petre S. Aurelian 1901 1904
16 Ioan Kalinderu 1904 1907
17 Anghel Saligny 1907 1910
18 Iacob C. Negruzzi 1910 1913 second term
19 Constantin I. Istrati 1913 1916
20 Petru Poni 1916 1920 second term
21 Dimitrie Onciul 1920 1923
22 Iacob C. Negruzzi 1923 1926 third term
23 Emil Racoviță 1926 1929
24 Ioan Bianu 1929 1932
25 Ludovic Mrazek 1932 1935
26 Alexandru Lăpedatu 1935 1938
27 Constantin Rădulescu-Motru 1938 1941
28 Ion Th. Simionescu 1941 1944
29 Dimitrie Gusti 1944 1946
30 Andrei Rădulescu 1946 12 August 1948
31 Traian Săvulescu 12 August 1948 23 December 1959
32 Athanase Joja 1959 1963
33 Ilie G. Murgulescu 1963 1966
34 Miron Nicolescu 8 April 1966 30 June 1975 died in office
  Șerban Țițeica 1975 1976 acting
35 Theodor Burghele 1976 3 June 1977 died in office
  Cristofor Simionescu 3 June 1977 19 March 1980 acting
36 Gheorghe Mihoc 19 March 1980 25 December 1981 died in office
  Ioan Anton 25 December 1981 13 November 1984 acting
37 Radu Voinea 13 November 1984 2 February 1990
38 Mihai Drăgănescu 2 February 1990 18 January 1994
39 Virgiliu N. G. Constantinescu 1994 1998
40 Eugen Simion 16 January 1998 20 April 2006
41 Ionel Haiduc 20 April 2006 8 April 2014
42 Ionel Valentin Vlad 8 April 2014

Library[edit]

The Romanian Academy Library building

Established in 1867, the Bibilioteca Academiei Române has a collection of over seven million books and collections of drawings, engravings, maps, and coins.[3] The Academy also operates its own publishing house.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian) Președintele Academiei Române at the Romanian Academy site
  2. ^ a b c Arbitrary date of January 1, as a lack of factual data to support a real birth date
  3. ^ a b [1] at IAP, Global Network of Science Academies.

External links[edit]