National Liberal Party (Romania)

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National Liberal Party
Partidul Naţional Liberal
President Klaus Iohannis
Secretary-General Rareș Mănescu
Spokesperson Mihai Voicu
Founder Ion C. Brătianu
Leader in the Senate Crin Antonescu
Leader in the Chamber of Deputies Adrian Scutaru
Leader in the European Parliament Renate Weber
Slogan Prin noi înşine!
Founded January–March 1875[1]
22 December 1989[a][2]
Headquarters Bd. Aviatorilor nr. 86
011866 Bucharest
Student wing Liberal Student Clubs – CSL
Youth wing National Liberal Youth – TNL
Women's wing Liberal Women National Organisation – ONFL
Membership  (2012) 131,908[3]
Ideology Liberalism
Conservative liberalism[4]
Constitutional monarchism (internal faction)[5]
Political position Centre-right[6][7]
International affiliation Liberal International
European affiliation European People's Party
European Parliament group ALDE (1 MEP)
EPP (5 MEPs)
Colors Yellow
Senate
51 / 176
Chamber of Deputies
102 / 412
European Parliament
6 / 32
County Council Presidents
13 / 41
County Councilors
569 / 1,393
Election symbol
Partidul National Liberal.jpg
Website
http://www.pnl.ro/
Politics of Romania
Political parties
Elections
^ In November 1947, under pressure from the communist authorities, the party decided to disband itself

The National Liberal Party (Romanian: Partidul Naţional Liberal, PNL) is a liberal[8] political party in Romania. It is the second-largest party in the Romanian Parliament, with 102 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 51 in the Senate, behind the governing centre-left Social Democratic Party.

Until 2014, the PNL was a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). The party statutes adopted in June 2014 dropped any reference to international affiliation, consequently most of its MEPs joining in the parliamentary group of the European People's Party. On 12 September 2014, it was admitted as a full member to the European People's Party.[9]

Recent history[edit]

Until April 2007, the PNL was the largest member of the governing Justice and Truth alliance, which enjoyed a parliamentary majority due to an alliance between the Liberal Party, the Democratic Party, and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania. In April 2007, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, who was also the party leader, formed a minority government only with Democratic Union of Hungarians. After the 2008 legislative election it has entered opposition, winning 19.74% seats in the Parliament, while the new government coalition, formed by their former ally the Democratic Liberal Party, and the Social Democratic Party, had 69.85%. In the 2009 Romanian presidential elections its new leader, Crin Antonescu, finished third and the party remained in opposition.

On 5 February 2011, the PNL formed the Social Liberal Union (USL) political alliance with the Social Democratic Party, National Union for the Progress of Romania and Conservative Party.[10][11] The PNL exited the USL and entered opposition on 25 February 2014, disbanding the alliance.[12]

On 26 May 2014, following the 2014 European elections, PNL party president Crin Antonescu announced that he was seeking membership of the European People's Party (EPP).[13][14] At the beginning of the 8th European Parliament, 5 of the PNL MEPs sit with the EPP Group,[15] and 1 with the ALDE Group.[16]

In late May 2014 the party agreed to a future merger with the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), and for the two parties to submit a joint candidate for the upcoming 2014 presidential election.[17] The joint PNL-PDL presidential candidate will run under the Christian Liberal Alliance (ACL) electoral alliance.[18][19]

On 27 June 2014, former PNL leader Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu announced his intention to found a separate liberal party to run for president, stating opposition to the upcoming merger with the PDL.[20] The breakaway party, called the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR), was founded by Popescu-Tăriceanu on 3 July 2014.[21]

On 17 July 2014 it was announced that the new party to be formed from a future merger of the PNL and PDL would retain the National Liberal Party name, while being situated in the PDL's existing headquarters in Bucharest, and would be legally registered by the end of 2014.[22] On 26 July 2014, a joint party congress of the PNL and PDL approved the merger.[23]

Platform[edit]

The party adheres to the doctrine of liberalism, advocating both economic and social liberalisation. In recent years, it has focussed more on economic liberalism. For example, one of its main election promises for the 2004 legislative election was the introduction of a flat tax rate of 16% for personal income and corporate profits. Because the Liberal Party became part of the governing coalition, it managed to introduce this change, hence giving Romania one of the most liberal tax policies in Europe.[citation needed]

The National Liberal Party also supports the neutrality of the state in moral and religious issues, as well as the privatisation and denationalisation of the economy, a trend which is currently taking place quite rapidly in Romania, as in other post-communist economies.

Additionally, the party supports the introduction of a parliamentary system (where the president would be elected by the parliament rather than by the people) to replace Romania's current semi-presidential system, which is based on the French model. It also advocates a decentralisation of Romania's political structure, with greater autonomy given to the eight development regions.

With regard to EU politics, the National Liberal Party has adopted the following stances:

  • Supports EU enlargement to the Western Balkans
  • Supports EU membership for Turkey, as long as it satisfies membership criteria
  • Supports the accession of Moldova to the EU, in the same wave as the Western Balkans
  • Supports a reformed European Constitution
  • Supports reform of the Common Agricultural Policy
  • Opposes a common EU tax policy
  • Opposes a common EU social policy
  • Supports a common EU migration policy
  • Supports a common EU defence and security policy
  • Supports a partnership between the US and the EU, where the EU is an "equal and critical" partner.

Structure[edit]

According to the Statute, the leading organisms of the party are the following:[24]

Congress[edit]

The Congress, or The General Assembly of the delegates of the party's members (Romanian: Congresul; Adunarea Generală a delegaţilor membrilor partidului) is the supreme authority in the party. It leads the party and takes decisions at national level. Its members are elected by the local (territorial) organizations, and The National Consillium. The Congress meets every four years, after the parliamentary elections, or at anytime needed. The Congress is convoked either by the Permanent Delegation (see below), at the request of the Central Political Bureau, or at the request of at least half of the Territorial Permanent Delegations. The Congress elects the President of the National Liberal Party, the 15 vice-presidents of the Central Standing Bureau (7 with specific attributions and 8 responsible for the development regions, 23 judges of The Honor and Referee Court (Romanian: Curtea de Onoare şi Arbitraj), 7 members of The Central Committee of Censors (Romanian: Comisia Centrală de Cenzori).

The last Congress took place between 5–6 March 2010, as both an Extraordinary and Ordinary Congress. The Extraordinary Congress took place on 5 March, because it was called three months earlier than the scheduled Ordinary Congress. It changed the Statute of the party. On 6 March the Congress was Ordinary, based on the new Statute.

Permanent Delegation[edit]

Coat of arms of Romania
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The Permanent Delegation (Romanian: Delegaţia Permanentă – DP) is the structure that leads the party between two Congresses. It meets monthly, or at anytime needed. Its members are the following; the President of the National Liberal Party, the members of the Central Political Bureau, the President of the Senate of the party, the Secretary General of the National Liberal Party, the presidents of the two Chambers of the Parliament (if the officeholders are members of the PNL), the leaders of the National liberal Party's parliamentary groups, the Senators and Deputies, the MEPs, the Ministers, the President of the National Liberal Youth (TNL), the President of the Liberal Women Organisation (OFL), the President of the Liberal Student Clubs (CSL), the President of the League of the Local Elected Officeholders of the National Liberal Party (LAL PNL), the President of the Coordinating Council of the Municipality of Bucharest, the European Commissioner (if the officeholder is member of the PNL).

Central Political Bureau[edit]

The Central Political Bureau (Romanian: Biroul Politic Central – BPC) of the National Liberal Party proposes the party's politics and coordinates its application. It ensures the party's day-to-day leadership, and it is composed by the following: the President of the party, the 15 Vice-Presidents (7 with specific charges, and 8 responsible for the development regions). At the BPC's meetings can assist, with consultative vote, the president of the Senate of the PNL, the Secretary-General of the PNL, the Presidents of the two Chambers of the Parliament (if the officeholders are members of the PNL), the leaders of the National liberal Party's parliamentary groups, the President of the TNL, the President of the OFL, the President of the CSL, the President of the League of the LAL, and the Ministers. The BPC meets weekley, or at anytime needed, convoked by the president of the PNL.

According to Article 70 of the PNL Statute, the BPC coordinates and evaluates the objectives of the territorial branches, of the parliamentary groups; it negotiates political agreements (within the limits established by the DP); it coordinates the elections campaign; proposes sanctions according to the Statute; proposes to the DP the political strategy of the party; proposes the candidates for the central executive or public offices; for certain territorial units, proposes to the DP the candidates for the parliamentary elections; proposes to the DP the candidates for the European Parliament elections; proposes the DP to dissolve or dismiss, for exceptional reasons, the territorial branch, or the branch's president; convokes the DP; coordinates the activity of the permanent committees of the National Council, validates or invalidates the results of the elections for the territorial branches; appoints the Secretary-Executive, the Foreign Secretary, and Deputy-Secretaries-General.

The BPC is assisted, in the organizing activity by the Secretary-General of the PNL. This office ensures the communication between the central organisms and the territorial branches, ensures the management of the party's assets, is responsible for the informational system. The Secretary-General is assisted by the Deputy-Secretaries-General, appointed by the BPC at the suggestion of the Secretary-General.

The members of the Central Political Bureau[25]

In normal conditions, the term of the BPC members ends during the Party's Congress, when the president leaves the presidium of the Congress. The president of the Standing Bureau of the Congress is, formally, the acting president of the party until the new president is elected. The last acting president of the National Liberal Party was Mircea Ionescu-Quintus on 20 March 2009, when Crin Antonescu succeeded Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu.

National Council[edit]

The National Council (Romanian: Consiliul Naţional – CN) is the debate forum of the National Liberal Party between two Congresses. It reunites twice a year, or at anytime necessary, convoked by the president, by the BPC, or at the request of at least half of its members. Its members are: DP, including the members with consultative vote; the Secretaries of State and the equivalent officeholders; the Prefects and Deputy-Prefects; Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the County Councils; Mayors and Deputy-Mayors of the county capitals, of the sectors of Bucharest, the General Mayor and General Deputy-Mayors of Bucharest; the Vice-Presidents and Secretaries-General of TNL, OFL, CSL, the Senate of the Party, LAL; honorary members of the party; the President of the structures that deal with specific issues; the Presidents of the CN.

The CN has the following competences: acts to fulfill the decisions of the Congress; adopts the Governing Program; adopts the programs and sectorial politics of the party; approves the reports of the specialty committees; names the candidate of the National Liberal Party for the Romanian Presidency; gives and retracts the quality of honorary member of the party.

According to Article 65 of the Statute, the CN is organized and functions through its permanent specialty committees, constituted on social and professional criteria. The committees constituted on social criteria promote the interests of the correspondent social category. The committees constituted on professional criteria state the sectorial politics and the public politics in major fields, to express the options and solutions proposed by the National Liberal Party.

President[edit]

The President of the National Liberal Party is the guardian of the political Program of the party, of the respect to the Statute and the keeping of the unity and prestige of the party.

Secretary-General[edit]

The Secretary-General ensures the communication between the central leading structures and the territorial ones, ensures the management of the assets of the party, is responsible for the informational system. The Secretary-General is helped in its activity by Deputy-Secretaries-General appointed by the BPC, upon the suggestion of the Secretary-General.

Other national structures[edit]

  • The Senate of the party – consulting organism for the president regarding the continuity and development of the liberal traditions and concepts;
  • Court of Honor and Arbitration – the supreme court of the party;
  • Central Committee of Censors – checks the management of the party;
  • Ethics Commission – anallizes the candidates proposed for Parliamentary elections, and for the offices in the Government and other central offices;
  • National Liberal Youth – coortinatesa the activity specific to the youth structures in the territory;
  • League of the Local Elected Officeholders – coordinates the activity of the PNL mambers in the local public administration (mayors and deputy-mayors, local councilors, county councilors, county council presidents and deputy-presidents);
  • Liberal Women Organisation – coordinates the activity of the territorial women organizations;
  • Liberal Student Clubs – promotes the liberal ideas and political program of the PNL through the student.

Local leading structures[edit]

The local leading structures of the National Liberal Party are the following:

Organizatiile locale ale Partidul National Liberal au urmatoarele organisme de conducere:

  • the General Assembly of the Members (Romanian: Adunarea Generală a membrilor – AG) – applies at local level the necessary measures for fulfilling the Program and Strategy.
  • the Standing Bureau of the organization (Romanian: Biroul Permanent – BP) – leads the organization between two General Assemblies.

Symbol[edit]

Romanian law requires all parties to present a permanent sign and a permanent electoral sign. The former is used to identify the party's buildings and press releases, and the latter to identify the party's electoral materials and the candidates on the elections ballot. Usually they differ slightly.

The main element of the party is a blue arrow pointing to the upper right corner of a yellow square, and the letters P, N, and L in blue, tilted to the right. The position of the PNL with respect to the arrow depends on the type of symbol, as shown below. Also one should note that the color scheme of both signs can be reversed from yellow-blue to blue-yellow, depending on the background it is placed on.[citation needed]

Party leaders[edit]

Klaus Iohannis Crin Antonescu Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Theodor Stolojan Valeriu Stoica Mircea Ionescu Quintus Radu Câmpeanu Communist Romania Dinu Brătianu Ion Duca Vintilă Brătianu Ion I. C. Brătianu Dimitrie Sturdza Dumitru Brătianu Ion Brătianu
No. Name
Born - Died
Portrait Term start Term end Duration
1 Ion Brătianu
1821 - 1891
Ion C. Bratianu 01.png 24 May 1875 4 May 1891 15 years, 345 days
2 Dumitru Brătianu
1818 - 1892
Dimitrie Brătianu.png 21 May 1891 8 June 1892 1 year, 18 days
3 Dimitrie Sturdza
1833 - 1914
Sturdza.jpg 20 November 1892 10 January 1909 16 years, 51 days
4 Ion I. C. Brătianu
1864 - 1927
IonelBratianu3b40761r.jpg 11 January 1909 24 November 1927 18 years, 317 days
5 Vintilă Brătianu
1867 - 1930
Vintila Bratianu - Foto01.jpg 24 November 1927 21 December 1930 3 years, 27 days
6 Ion Duca
1879 - 1933
No image.svg 28 December 1930 29 December 1933 3 years, 1 day
7 Dinu Brătianu
1866 - 1950
No image.svg 4 January 1934 November 1947 13 years, 321 days
(party dissolved) 1947 1990
8 Radu Câmpeanu
1922 -
No image.svg 15 January 1990 28 February 1993 3 years, 44 days
9 Mircea Ionescu Quintus
1917 -
No image.svg 28 February 1993 18 February 2001 7 years, 356 days
10 Valeriu Stoica
1953 -
Valeriu Stoica.JPG 18 February 2001 24 August 2002 1 year, 187 days
11 Theodor Stolojan
1943 -
Conventia PD-L 2013 - Theodor Stolojan (1).jpg 24 August 2002 2 October 2004 2 years, 39 days
12 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
1952 -
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu at a government meeting.jpg 2 October 2004 20 March 2009 4 years, 169 days
13 Crin Antonescu
1959 -
Crin Antonescu.jpg 20 March 2009 2 June 2014 5 years, 74 days
14 Klaus Iohannis
1959 -
Klausjohannis2005.jpg 28 June 2014 21 October 2014 0 years, 141 days

Notable members[edit]

Former members before November 1947, when the Romanian Communists dissolved the party:

Former members after 1989:

Current members:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Romanian) Enciclopedia partidelor politice din România, 1859–2003, Editura Meronia, Bucharest 2003, ISBN 973-8200-54-7.
  2. ^ Iván Zoltán Dénes (2006). Liberty and the Search for Identity: Liberal Nationalisms and the Legacy of Empires. Central European University Press. p. 383. ISBN 978-963-7326-44-8. 
  3. ^ http://www.ziaruldeiasi.ro/national-extern/numarul-total-al-membrilor-de-partid-a-scazut-dar-a-crescut-la-psd-pp-si-la-verzi~ni820n. Retrieved 2013-04-11.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  5. ^ "Antonescu: Am spus tot timpul că SUNT MONARHIST, este o opțiune intimă a mea". Realitatea .Net. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  6. ^ Donnacha Ó Beacháin; Vera Sheridan; Sabina Stan (2012). Life in Post-communist Eastern Europe After EU Membership: Happy Ever After?. Routledge. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-415-68084-4. 
  7. ^ "Romanian parliament moves to impeach president". The Sofia Globe. 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  8. ^ Villy Tsakona; Diana Elena Popa (2011). Studies in Political Humour: In Between Political Critique and Public Entertainment. John Benjamins Publishing. p. 162. ISBN 90-272-0637-6. 
  9. ^ "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties". European People's Party. 12 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Romanian Oppositions Form Alliance". English.cri.cn. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  11. ^ "FOCUS Information Agency". Focus-fen.net. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  12. ^ "Romania’s Liberals to leave ruling coalition, government". The Sofia Globe. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  13. ^ EurActiv (2014-05-26). "Romanian liberals seek EPP affiliation". EurActiv. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  14. ^ "Antonescu: I’ll have talks with EPP in June". Actmedia.eu. 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  15. ^ http://eppgroup.eu/party/Partidul-Naţional-Liberal-(RO)
  16. ^ "ALDE MEP details". Alde.eu. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  17. ^ "Romania’s largest rightist parties agree on presidential candidate, fusion | Independent Balkan News Agency". Balkaneu.com. 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  18. ^ http://www.ziuanews.ro/politica/sigla-acl-a-intrat-de-luni-in-productie-128950
  19. ^ http://www.ziarulunirea.ro/ion-dumitrel-florin-roman-adrian-teban-si-marius-ceteras-prim-vicepresedintii-aliantei-crestin-liberale-alba-acl-278175.html
  20. ^ http://business-review.eu/uncategorized/political-bombshell-calin-popescu-tariceanu-will-run-for-president-wants-to-start-new-liberal-party-66507
  21. ^ http://actmedia.eu/daily/tariceanu-the-liberal-reforming-party-is-advancing-liberalism/53023
  22. ^ "Name of new party from PDL-PNL merger is PNL". Actmedia.eu. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  23. ^ http://www.agerpres.ro/english/2014/07/26/merger-protocol-between-pnl-pdl-new-party-statute-approved-by-joint-congress-13-54-34
  24. ^ (Romanian) The structure of the Party
  25. ^ "PNL website". Pnl.ro. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  • PNL website retrieved 8 September 2012
  • Cliveti, Gheorghe, Liberalismul românesc. Eseu istoriografic, Editura Fundaţiei “AXIS”, Iaşi, 1996;
  • Istoricul PNL de la 1848 până astăzi, Bucureşti, 1923;
  • Rădulescu – Zoner, Şerban (coord.), Cliveti, Gheorghe, Stan, Apostol, Onişoru, Gheorghe, Şandru, Dumitru, Istoria Partidului Naţional Liberal, Editura All, Bucureşti, 2000;
  • Stan, Apostol, Iosa, Mircea, Liberalismul politic în România. De la origini până la 1918, Editura Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1996;
  • Naumescu, Valentin,Despre liberalism în România.Realităţi,dileme, perspective, EFES, Cluj-Napoca, 2001;
  • Şomlea,Vasile-Florin, Mişcarea liberală din România post'1989,Editura Ecumenica Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2006;

External links[edit]