Oxford House, Manitoba
Oxford House is a First Nations Cree community in Northern Manitoba, located on the Oxford House 24 Indian Reserve.The community is located along the eastern shore of Oxford Lake at the mouth of Hayes River, 950 kilometres (590 mi) North of Winnipeg. The Hayes River was designated a Canadian Heritage River in 2006.
The Bunibonibee Cree Nation have reserved for themselves 13 separate tracts, of which Oxford House 24 serves as their main reserve, containing the settlement of Oxford House.
Oxford House was established in 1798 as a Hudson's Bay Company fur trading post on the fur trade route between York Factory on the Hudson Bay and Norway House some 30 km (19 mi) north of Lake Winnipeg.
People from nearby areas moved to the trading site and formed the community of Oxford House. The United Church played a major role in the development of the community. The ministers and their wives were the first nurses and teachers.
Oxford House 24, IRI had a population of 1,864 in 2011 living in 335 dwellings on a land area of 51.01 square km. The median age was 21.4. Cree was selected as the mother tongue of 1,500 residents.
- "Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) Hayes River Map". Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Manitoba Forts(Manitoba Historical Society)". Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Methodist Indian Day Schools and Indian Communities in Northern Manitoba, 1890-1925 (Manitoba Historical Society)". Manitoba History, Number 30, Autumn 1995. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "2011 Census Statistics Canada". Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Oxford House, Manitoba (outline of infrastructure)". 2004–2005. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
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