Pardubice Region

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Pardubice
Pardubický kraj
Region
Kunětická Hora from air
Kunětická Hora from air
Flag of Pardubice
Flag
Coat of arms of Pardubice
Coat of arms
Pardubický kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Coordinates: 49°52′N 16°10′E / 49.87°N 16.17°E / 49.87; 16.17Coordinates: 49°52′N 16°10′E / 49.87°N 16.17°E / 49.87; 16.17
Country Czech Republic
Capital Pardubice
Districts Pardubice District, Chrudim District, Svitavy District, Ústí nad Orlicí District
Government
 • Governor Martin Netolický
Area
 • Total 4,518.63 km2 (1,744.65 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,424 m (4,672 ft)
Population (03/2011)
 • Total 520,382
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-PA
Vehicle registration E
Website http://www.pardubickykraj.cz/

Pardubice Region (Czech: Pardubický kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. It is named after its capital Pardubice. There are a total of 451 municipalities in the region (31 December 2011).[1] Among these, there are 15 municipalities with extended powers and 26 municipalities with a delegated municipal office. Thirty-two of the municipalities are classified as towns. The regional central offices are in Pardubice.[2]

Pardubice region is further divided into four districts: Chrudim District, Pardubice District, Svitavy District and Ústí nad Orlicí District.

As an administrative unit, Pardubice Region has in the course of time existed three times. It was established for the first time in 1850. Back then, it extended from Český Brod to the Bohemian-Moravian border. In its second existence, it was one of 19 regions as they were set between 1949 and 1960. After 1960, Pardubice became the capital of Pardubice district, which made part of the Eastern Bohemian Region (capital Hradec Králové). The Pardubice region as it is now was reestablished in 2000.

Population[edit]

The total population of the Pardubice Region was 516,411 as of 31 December 2011.[3] There are in total 453 municipalities in the Pardubice region, whereof 17 municipalities have a higher population than 5,000. The largest municipality of the region is Pardubice with a population of almost 90,000. The table below shows the municipalities in Pardubice region which have population larger than 10,000.

Name Population Area (km²) District
Flag of Pardubice.svg Pardubice 89,552 78 Pardubice District
Flag města Chrudim.gif Chrudim 23,217 33 Chrudim District
Svitavy CZ flag.svg Svitavy 17,038 31 Svitavy District
Flag of Ceska Trebova CZ.svg Česká Třebová 15,994 41 Ústí nad Orlicí District
Flag of Usti nad Orlici CZ.svg Ústí nad Orlicí 14,582 36 Ústí nad Orlicí District
Flag of Vysoke Myto.svg Vysoké Mýto 12,470 42 Ústí nad Orlicí District
Moravská Třebová flag CZ.svg Moravská Třebová 10,612 42 Svitavy District
Litomyšl flag CZ.svg Litomyšl 10,185 33 Svitavy District
Flag of Lanskroun CZ.svg Lanškroun 10,117 21 Ústí nad Orlicí District
Hlinsko CR CZ flag.gif Hlinsko 10,017 24 Chrudim District

Other significant towns in Pardubice region are Holice, Králíky, Polička, Přelouč, Choceň and Žamberk.

Geography[edit]

Districts of Pardubice Region

With a total size of 4,519 km² Padrubice Region is the fifth smallest region in the Czech Republic. Králický Sněžník (1,424 m) is the highest point in the region. The lowest point (201 m) is situated on the water surface of the Labe (Elbe) River near Kojice.

The southern and southeastern parts of the region are home to the hilly areas of Žďárské vrchy and Železné Hory (Iron Mountains). The central and western parts of the region are formed by Polabí lowlands. In the northeast, the region reaches the Orlické hory and Hrubý Jeseník Mountains.

The European Watershed runs through the region, where it separates the basins of the North Sea and the Black Sea. The tripoint of the Danube (Black Sea), Elbe (North Sea) and Oder (Baltic Sea) watersheds is located at the peak of Králický Sněžník. The majority of the region belongs to the drainage basin of the Elbe, consisting of rivers Chrudimka, Divoká Orlice, Doubrava, Loučná, Tichá Orlice and Třebovka. The rivers in the drainage basin of the Danube are the Morava, Moravská Sázava, Svitava and Třebůvka. The Seč Dam (220ha) and the Pastviny Dam (92ha) are among the larger water bodies in the region.

The most prevalent soil types in the region are podzol and cambisol. Forests cover 29.6% of the region and are predominately coniferous. Deciduous forests occur around Pardubice.

Climate[edit]

Pardubice Region has a continental climate characterized by relatively hot summers and cold winters. The climate in Pardubice region differs depending on location. The areas in the Polabí lowlands in the western part of the region are relatively warmer with annual mean temperatures reaching 8°C. On the other hand, the coldest ares are situated in the hilly northeastern part of the region, where the annual mean temperatures are around 4°C.

Precipitation is relatively lower in the central part of the region where the total annual values are around 700 – 800 mm. In the areas with higher elevation (such as Žďárské vrchy or the foothills of Orlické hory) there is higher precipitation with annual values of 800 - 1,000 mm.

Climate data for Pardubice Region (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
2.2
(36)
7.1
(44.8)
12.2
(54)
15.3
(59.5)
16.6
(61.9)
16.3
(61.3)
12.7
(54.9)
8.0
(46.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
7.2
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.85)
40
(1.57)
42
(1.65)
46
(1.81)
77
(3.03)
87
(3.43)
82
(3.23)
84
(3.31)
56
(2.2)
45
(1.77)
52
(2.05)
54
(2.13)
711
(27.99)
Source: Czech Hydrometeorological Institute[4]

Economy[edit]

The gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of the region was 81.1% of the national average in 2011. Services form the largest part of the region's economy, forming 52.4% of GDP in 2011. Other significant sectors are industry (36.9% of GDP) and construction (7.2% of GDP). The registered unemployment rate was 8.44% at the end of 2011. The highest unemployment rate was in Svitavy District.

Industry in Pardubice
Foxconn in Pardubice (formerly Tesla Pardubice)
  • Industry

Industry and commercial public services are the basis of Pardubice's economy. General engineering, textiles, clothing, and leather processing are the strongest industrial branches. The chemical industry in Pardubice Region is larger than anywhere else in the Czech Republic.

  • Transport

Road networks make up 3,597 km that transverse throughout the region. Roads I/35 and I/37 (connecting to I/17 in Chrudim) are noted as the most important. A 9 km section of the D11 motorway connect the region to Prague. The two-lane R35 expressway is planned to cross the region and connect it with Liberec, Germany and the Moravian network of highways and expressways.

There are 542 km of railways in the region, connecting it to Prague, Brno, Liberec, Olomouc, Ostrava, and to Poland. The railway corridor of Berlin - Prague - Brno - Vienna crosses the region and in Pardubice it is connected to routes of national significance to Liberec and Havlíčkův Brod.[5]

Pardubice has an international airport, operating for both public and military flights, which is listed in the category of the top 5 airports in the Czech Republic.

  • Agriculture

Agriculture plays an important role in the region. The agricultural land covers about 60.2% of all land in the region, while the arable land occupies 43.8%. Forests cover 29.6% of the region.

  • Tourism

Attractions from natural tourist spots (such as the Železné Hory and the Orlické Hory) to historical monuments, mostly medieval castles established since the 13th century, all encourage tourism to the region. The most significant historical monuments in the region are connected with the noble Pernštejn family, from Moravia, who had two huge castles built, at Litice nad Orlicí and on Kunětická hora near Pardubice.[6] In 2011 there were 365 facilities providing accommodation in the region for 324,000 visitors.

Education and health care[edit]

In 2011 there were:

  • 309 kindergartens with 17,994 children
  • 251 elementary schools with 41,184 pupils
  • 21 secondary elementary schools (Czech: gymnázium) with 6,305 students
  • 55 high schools with 16,413 students
  • 10 colleges (Czech: vyšší odborná škola) with 1,135 students
  • University of Pardubice with seven faculties and more than 10,000 students.

Furthermore, there were nine hospitals with a capacity of 2,584 patients. In total, there were 2,009 doctors in the region and the patient-per-doctor ration was 257.

Places of interest[edit]

Photo Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charakteristicka Pardubického kraje, Available online at http://www.czso.cz/csu/2012edicniplan.nsf/t/D0003FCA66/$File/53101112chcz.pdf
  2. ^ The Pardubice Region, Official site, Retrieved 14 April 2011
  3. ^ Czech Statistical Office Český statistický úřad in Czech)
  4. ^ "Historická data - meteorologie a klimatologie". Czech Hydrometeorological Institute. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ East-Bohemia.info, Official tourist portal of the Pardubice region, Retrieved 8 Dec 2012
  6. ^ [1]

External links[edit]