Popular Unity Party (Tunisia)

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Popular Unity Party
حزب الوحدة الشعبية
French name Parti de l'Unité Populaire
Abbreviation PUP
President Houssine El Hammemi
Founded January 1981 (1981-01)
Legalized 19 November 1983
Split from Popular Unity Movement
Headquarters 37 Rue Palestine 1002, Tunis
Ideology Socialism,
Arab nationalism
Assembly of the
Representatives
of the People
0 / 217
Politics of Tunisia
Political parties
Elections

The Popular Unity Party (Arabic: حزب الوحدة الشعبية‎; French: Parti de l'Unité Populaire, PUP) is an Arab nationalist party in Tunisia.[1]

History and profile[edit]

The party was founded in 1981 as a breakaway from the left-wing Popular Unity Movement (MUP) by members who disagreed with MUP leader Ahmed Ben Salah's policy to boycot elections.[2] In 1983, the government of Mohammed Mzali legalised two moderate oppositional parties, including the PUP.[3]

The party won two seats in the general election held on 20 March 1994.[4]

Following the elections of 1999, the PUP had 7 members in the Tunisian parliament. At the 2004 legislative elections, the party won 3.6% of the popular vote and 11 out of 189 seats. The same day, its candidate Mohamed Bouchiha, won 3.8% at the presidential elections. In 2006, the PUP tried to form an alliance with three other minor oppositional parties, the Social Liberal Party (PSL), the Unionist Democratic Union (UDU) and the Green Party for Progress (PVP). However, the alliance quickly collapsed when some of the participants were accused of pursuing particular interests rather than unity of the opposition.[5] At the 2009 legislative elections, the PUP won 3.4% of the popular vote and 12 out of 214 seats.

After the Tunisian revolution of 2011, the PUP participated in elections for the Constituent Assembly, but failed to win any seats.

The party has published a weekly newspaper under the title of Al Wahada.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angelique Chrisafis (19 October 2011), "Tunisia's political parties", The Guardian, retrieved 17 June 2013 
  2. ^ Christopher Alexander (2010), Tunisia: Stability and Reform in the Modern Maghreb, Routledge, p. 126 
  3. ^ Kenneth J. Perkins (2004), A History of Modern Tunisia, Cambridge University Press, p. 168 
  4. ^ "Elections Today". IFES. April 1994. p. 11. ISSN 10736719. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Alexander (2010), Tunisia, p. 63 
  6. ^ Kuldip R. Rampal (1996), "North Africa", International Afro Mass Media: A Reference Guide (Greenwood): 128 

External links[edit]