Elections in Tunisia

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Prior to the 2011 Tunisian revolution, Elections in Tunisia were held every five to six years, and elected both the president and members of both legislative branches to the national government of the Republic of Tunisia. Following the revolution, elections were held for a Constituent Assembly that will decide on a new constitution for Tunisia.

Executive branch[edit]

Main article: Politics of Tunisia

Prior to the revolution, the President was elected to five-year terms with no term limit. He appointed a prime Minister and cabinet, who play a strong role in the execution of policy. Regional governors and local administrators are appointed by the central government. Mayors and municipal councils, which fill a local consultative role, are elected. This system was established by a provision of the country's Code of Personal Status, introduced by the former President Habib Bourguiba in 1956.[1][2]

Legislative branch[edit]

The Chamber of Deputies of Tunisia (Majlis al-Nuwaab) is Tunisia’s lower Chamber. It has 189 seats and members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. 20% of the seats are reserved for the opposition. The Chamber plays a role in debate on national policy but never originates legislation. Elections are held in the last 30 days of each five-year term. To be eligible for office, one must be a voter with a Tunisian mother or father and be at least 23 years.[3][4]

Tunisia's upper chamber, the Chamber of Advisors, was created in July 2002 by Parliament. Its membership is restricted to two-thirds of the number of members in the Chamber of Deputies. Members are elected or appointed. One or two members (determined by size of population) are elected from each governance. These members are selected by local authorities. A third of the members are elected by a group of employers, farmers and workers. These seats are divided equally among the three groups. The remaining seats (41) are filled by qualified presidential appointees. All members sit for six-year terms and half of the membership is renewed every three years. To be eligible for office, a candidate must be a voter with a Tunisian mother or father and at least 40 years old.[5][6]

2009 elections[edit]

2009 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 October 2009 Tunisian presidential election results
Candidates Parties Votes  %
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Constitutional Democratic Rally 4,238,711 89.62
Mohamed Bouchiha Popular Unity Party 236,955 5.01
Ahmed Inoubli Unionist Democratic Union 179,726 3.80
Ahmed Ibrahim Ettajdid Movement 74,257 1.57
Valid votes 4,729,649 99.84
Blank or invalid votes 7,718 0.16
Total 4,737,367 100.00
Voter turnout 89.45
Electorate 5,296,008
Source: POGAR, (French) Business News

2009 Legislative election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 October 2009 Tunisian Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties Votes  % Seats +/–
Constitutional Democratic Rally 3,754,559 84.59 161 +9
Movement of Socialist Democrats 205,374 4.63 16 +2
Popular Unity Party 150,639 3.39 12 +1
Unionist Democratic Union 113,773 2.56 9 +2
Social Liberal Party 99,468 2.24 8 +6
Green Party for Progress 74,185 1.67 6 +6
Ettajdid Movement 22,206 0.50 2 -1
Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties 5,329 0.12 - -
Progressive Democratic Party 1,412 0.03 - -
Independent lists 11,552 0.26 - -
Valid votes 4,438,497 99.80 214 +25
Blank or invalid votes 8,891 0.20
Total 4,447,388 100.00
Voter turnout 89.40
Electorate 4,974,707
Source: POGAR, (French) Business News

2011 Constituent Assembly election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 October 2011 Tunisian Constituent Assembly election results
Parties Votes  % Seats
Ennahda Movement 1,501,320 37.04 89
Congress for the Republic 353,041 8.71 29
Popular Petition 273,362 6.74 26
Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties 284,989 7.03 20
Progressive Democratic Party 159,826 3.94 16
The Initiative 129,120 3.19 5
Democratic Modernist Pole 113,005 2.79 5
Afek Tounes 76,488 1.89 4
Tunisian Workers' Communist Party 63,652 1.57 3
People's Movement 30,500 0.75 2
Movement of Socialist Democrats 22,830 0.56 2
Free Patriotic Union 51,665 1.26 1
Democratic Patriots' Movement 33,419 0.83 1
Maghrebin Liberal Party 19,201 0.47 1
Democratic Social Nation Party 15,534 0.38 1
New Destour Party 15,448 0.38 1
Progressive Struggle Party 9,978 0.25 1
Equity and Equality Party 7,621 0.19 1
Cultural Unionist Nation Party 5,581 0.14 1
Independent lists 62,293 1.54 8
Unrepresented lists 1,290,293 31.83
Valid votes 4,053,148 94.06 217
Blank or invalid votes 255,740 5.94
Total 4,308,888 100.00
Voter turnout 51.97
Electorate 8,289,924
Source: Tunisia-Live.net

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Law, Code of Personal Status". George Washington University. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "Tunisia: Country Update". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Tunisia: Country Update". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Touchent, Dahmene (1 July 2010). "A Guide to the Tunisian Legal System". GlobaLex. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Tunisia: Country Update". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  6. ^ Touchent, Dahmene (1 July 2010). "A Guide to the Tunisian Legal System". GlobaLex. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 

External links[edit]