Congress for the Republic
|Congress for the Republic
المؤتمر من أجل الجمهورية
|French name||Congrès pour la République|
|Slogan||Sovereignty of the people, dignity of the citizen, legitimacy of the state.a|
|Founded||July 25, 2001|
|Headquarters||45 Ali Darghouth,
|Newspaper||Tunisie Avenir (French)|
|Colors||Red and Green|
|Legalized||March 8, 2011|
|Politics of Tunisia
^ a. Arabic: السيادة للشعب، الكرامة للمواطن، الشرعية للدولة
French: La souveraineté du peuple, la dignité du citoyen, la légitimité de l'état.
The Congress for the Republic (Arabic: المؤتمر من أجل الجمهورية, al-Mu’tamar min ajl il-Jumhūriyyah ; French: Congrès pour la République), also referred to as Al Mottamar or by its French acronym CPR, is a centre-left secular political party in Tunisia. It was created in 2001, but legalised only after the 2011 Tunisian revolution. It has been led since 13 December 2011 by Abderraouf Ayadi, though he is now the head of the Wafa Movement.
The creation of the CPR was declared on 25 July 2001 by 31 people including the physician, medicine professor and human rights activist Moncef Marzouki as President, Naziha Réjiba (Oum Ziad) as Secretary-general, Abderraouf Ayadi as Vice-President, Samir Ben Amor as Treasurer, and Mohamed Chakroun as Honorary President. The CPR declared that it was aimed to install a republican form of government "for the first time"in Tunisia, including freedom of speech, freedom of association, and the holding of "free, honest" elections, "guaranteed by national and international observers able to genuinely check all levels of the electoral process". The CPR's declaration also called for a new constitution, strict separation of the different forms of government, human rights guarantees, gender equality, and a constitutional court for protecting individual and collective rights. The CPR called for "renegotiating" Tunisian commitments toward the European Union, for Tunisia to support the rights of national self-determination, in particular for the Palestinian people.
In 2002, during the Zine El Abidine Ben Ali presidency, the CPR was banned. Its leader Marzouki went into exile in Paris. However, the party continued a de facto existence, being run from France until 2011.
Following the replacement of President Ben Ali by acting President Fouad Mebazaa during the 2010–2011 Tunisian protests, CPR President Moncef Marzouki announced that he would return to Tunisia and be a candidate in the next Tunisian general election. He returned to Tunisia on the 18th of January 2011.
The Congress for the Republic's symbol is a red pair of glasses, alluding to Moncef Marzouki's characteristic glasses. Young supporters of the CPR are known to wear red glasses as an accessory to show their support for Marzouki.
In the election for a constituent assembly, the CPR won 8.7% of the popular vote and 29 of 217 seats in the National Constituent Assembly, making it the second-strongest party. Subsequently, the party contracted a coalition with the winning Islamist Ennahda Movement and Ettakatol. Accordingly, the Constituent Assembly elected CPR's leader Moncef Marzouki interim President of Tunisia on 12 December 2011. Thereupon Marzouki appointed an Ennahda-led government with participation of the CPR.
In May 2012, disaffected members of the CPR left the party and formed the Independent Democratic Congress. The splinter party is headed by Abdel Raouf Ayadi, a former secretary general of the CPR. He was joined by 12 members of the Constituent Assembly.
- Moncef Marzouki, president
- Mohamed Abbou
- Fethi Jerbi
- Zouhour Kourda
- Samir Ben Amor
- Monia Bouali
- Khaled Ben Mbarek
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- "Qui sommes-nous ?" [Who are we?] (in French). Congress for the Republic. 2001. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- Marzouki, Moncef (2001-07-24). "Déclaration constitutive" [Founding Declaration] (in French). Tunis: Congress for the Republic. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "al-Maktab as-Siyāsī" [Party officials] (in Arabic). Congress for the Republic. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
- Wafa Movement / Independent Democratic Congress, Observatory on Politics and Elections in the Arab and Muslim World, retrieved 22 November 2013
- Chrisafis, Angelique (19 October 2011), "Tunisian elections: the key parties", The Guardian (London), retrieved 22 Oct 2011
- "Marzouki Fans", The Guardian, 21 October 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- von Randow, Gero (20 October 2011), "Mit Facebook und Scharia", Zeit (in German), retrieved 23 October 2011
- Ltifi, Afifa (17 May 2012), "Tunisia’s Second Largest Democratic Party Divides", Tunisia Live, retrieved 6 June 2012
- "Les dissidents du CPR créent le Congrès Démocratique Indépendant", Leaders, 16 May 2012, retrieved 6 June 2012