Congress for the Republic
|Congress for the Republic|
|المؤتمر من أجل الجمهورية|
|French name||Congrès pour la République|
|Founder||Moncef Marzouki and 31 others|
|Slogan||Sovereignty of the people, dignity of the citizen, legitimacy of the state.
Arabic: السيادة للشعب، الكرامة للمواطن، الشرعية للدولة
French: La souveraineté du peuple, la dignité du citoyen, la légitimité de l'état.
|Founded||July 25, 2001|
|Headquarters||41 Hedi Chaker,
|Newspaper||Tunisie Avenir (French)|
|Colors||Green and red|
|Politics of Tunisia
The Congress for the Republic (Arabic: المؤتمر من أجل الجمهورية, al-Mu’tamar min ajl il-Jumhūriyyah ; French: Congrès pour la République), also referred to as Al Mottamar or by its French acronym CPR, is a centre-left secular political party in Tunisia. It was created in 2001, but legalised only after the 2011 Tunisian revolution. Its most prominent founder and long-term leader was Moncef Marzouki. He has been the party's honorary president since he became interim President of Tunisia in December 2011.
The creation of the CPR was declared on 25 July 2001 by 31 people including the physician, medicine professor and human rights activist Moncef Marzouki as President, Naziha Réjiba (Oum Ziad) as Secretary-general, Abderraouf Ayadi as Vice-President, Samir Ben Amor as Treasurer, and Mohamed Chakroun as Honorary President. The CPR declared that it was aimed to install a republican form of government "for the first time"in Tunisia, including freedom of speech, freedom of association, and the holding of "free, honest" elections, "guaranteed by national and international observers able to genuinely check all levels of the electoral process". The CPR's declaration also called for a new constitution, strict separation of the different forms of government, human rights guarantees, gender equality, and a constitutional court for protecting individual and collective rights. The CPR called for "renegotiating" Tunisian commitments toward the European Union, for Tunisia to support the rights of national self-determination, in particular for the Palestinian people.
It was ideologically heterogeneous, including social democrats, Arab nationalists, far-leftists, as well as Islamists. The unifiying point was their firm opposition to the regime of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
In 2002, during the Ben Ali presidency, the CPR was banned. Its leader Marzouki went into exile in Paris. However, the party continued a de facto existence, being run from France until 2011.
Following the replacement of President Ben Ali by acting President Fouad Mebazaa during the 2010–2011 Tunisian protests, CPR President Moncef Marzouki announced that he would return to Tunisia and be a candidate in the next Tunisian general election. He returned to Tunisia on the 18th of January 2011.
The Congress for the Republic's symbol is a red pair of glasses, alluding to Moncef Marzouki's characteristic glasses. Young supporters of the CPR are known to wear red glasses as an accessory to show their support for Marzouki.
In the election for a constituent assembly, the CPR won 8.7% of the popular vote and 29 of 217 seats in the National Constituent Assembly, making it the second-strongest party. Subsequently, the party contracted a three-party coalition with the winning Islamist Ennahda Movement and Ettakatol, called the "Troika". Accordingly, the Constituent Assembly elected CPR's leader Moncef Marzouki interim President of Tunisia on 12 December 2011. Thereupon Marzouki appointed an Ennahda-led government with participation of the CPR. Abderraouf Ayadi succeeded Marzouki as secretary-general of the CPR.
In May 2012, disaffected members of the CPR left the party and formed the Independent Democratic Congress. The splinter party that was later renamed Wafa Movement, is headed by Abderraouf Ayadi, a former secretary general of the CPR. He was joined by 12 members of the Constituent Assembly.
- Moncef Marzouki, CPR Honorary President and President of the Republic of Tunisia
- Imed Daimi, Secretary General and former Chief of Staff of the President of the Republic
- Adnan Mansar, Member of political bureau and current Chief of Staff of the President of the Republic
- Haythem Belgacem, Member of political bureau and President of CPR parliament group
- Amor Chetoui, Member of political bureau, President of power distribution constitutional committee and MP (Kebili)
- Tarek Kahlaoui, Member of political bureau and Director of the Tunisian Institute for Strategic Studies
- Sihem Badi, Member of political bureau and former minister of family and women affairs
- Selim Ben Hmidane, Member of political bureau, former minister of State domains and MP (Medenine)
- Abdelwahad Maatar, Member of Political bureau, former minister of employment and commerce and MP (Sfax)
- Mabrouka M'Barek, Member of political bureau and MP (Americas and rest of Europe)
- Bechir Nefzi, Member of political bureau and MP (France Northern district)
- Samir Ben Amor, Member of political bureau and MP (Tunis)
- Chokri Yacoub, President of CPR National Council
- "Site du CPR" [CPR Website] (in Arabic). Congress for the Republic. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Qui sommes-nous ?" [Who are we?] (in French). Congress for the Republic. 2001. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- Haugbølle, Rikke Hostrup; Cavatorta, Francesco (Spring 2012), "Beyond Ghannouchi: Islamism and Social Change in Tunisia", Middle East Report (262): 20
- Mitchell, Jonathan; Spencer, Richard (2011-10-25). "Tunisia's victorious Islamist party in coalition talks". The Daily Telegraph.
- Ottaway, Marina (28 January 2011), Who Will Lead Tunisia?, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, retrieved 21 Oct 2011
- "Tunisia: who are the opposition leaders?". The Daily Telegraph. 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- Marzouki, Moncef (2001-07-24). "Déclaration constitutive" [Founding Declaration] (in French). Congress for the Republic. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "Première liste des membres fondateurs du CPR" [First list of the founding members of the CPR] (in French). Congress for the Republic. 2001-07-25. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- Azzouzi, Abdelhak (2006), Autoritarisme et aléas de la transition démocratique dans les pays du Maghreb, L'Harmattan, p. 203
- Farid, Sonia (2011-01-16). "Moncef Marzouki declares presidential candidacy". Al Arabiya. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- Chrisafis, Angelique (19 October 2011), "Tunisian elections: the key parties", The Guardian, retrieved 22 Oct 2011
- "Marzouki Fans", The Guardian, 21 October 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- von Randow, Gero (20 October 2011), "Mit Facebook und Scharia", Zeit (in German), retrieved 23 October 2011
- Tunisia opposition fear Ennahda power grab, Ahram Online, 17 January 2012, retrieved 7 October 2013
- "al-Maktab as-Siyāsī" [Party officials] (in Arabic). Congress for the Republic. Retrieved 2011-07-29.
- Ltifi, Afifa (17 May 2012), "Tunisia’s Second Largest Democratic Party Divides", Tunisia Live, retrieved 6 June 2012
- "Les dissidents du CPR créent le Congrès Démocratique Indépendant", Leaders, 16 May 2012, retrieved 6 June 2012
- (Arabic) Official website