Penetanguishene

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Penetanguishene
Town (lower-tier)
Town of Penetanguishene
Town docks on Penetanguishene Bay.
Town docks on Penetanguishene Bay.
Penetanguishene is located in Ontario
Penetanguishene
Penetanguishene
Coordinates: 44°46′N 79°56′W / 44.767°N 79.933°W / 44.767; -79.933Coordinates: 44°46′N 79°56′W / 44.767°N 79.933°W / 44.767; -79.933
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Simcoe
Incorporated February 22, 1882
Government
 • Mayor Gerry Marshall
 • MPs Bruce Stanton
 • MPPs Garfield Dunlop
Area[1]
 • Land 25.57 km2 (9.87 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 9,111
 • Density 356.4/km2 (923/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code L9M 0A2 to L9M 2J4
Area code(s) 705
Website www.town.penetanguishene
.on.ca

Penetanguishene Listeni/pɛnɨˈtæŋɡwɨʃn/, sometimes shortened to Penetang, is a town in Simcoe County, Ontario, Canada. It is located on the southeasterly tip of Georgian Bay. Incorporated on February 22, 1882, this bilingual (French and English) community has since grown to a population of 9,354 in the Canada 2006 Census, an increase of 12.5 per cent from its 2001 population of 8,316.

The name Penetanguishene is believed to come from either the Wyandot language[2] or from the Abenaki language via the Ojibwa language,[3] meaning "land of the white rolling sands".

History[edit]

As early as AD 800, the Huron settled in semi-permanent villages in the area. The young French translator, Étienne Brûlé, was the first European to set foot in the Penetanguishene area, some time between 1610 and 1614.

In 1793, John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, visited the area and saw the location's potential as a naval base. He wanted to use the bay to shelter warships to protect British interests on lakes Huron, Erie and Michigan. Beginning in 1814, the British-Canadians built the Penetanguishene Road to provide the area a land route to Barrie and Toronto, as it was previously accessible only by water transport along the rivers or across Georgian Bay.

In 1817, naval units from Michilimackinac and Schooner Town (near modern-day Wasaga Beach) were consolidated at the Penetanguishene Naval Yard. But, because treaty limitations with the U.S. limited both countries' naval power on the Great Lakes, two British armed topsail schooners, HMS Tecumseth and HMS Newash were laid up "in ordinary", and eventually reported to have sunk at their moorings in the harbour in 1828. Some other small craft were headquartered in Penetanguishene for the exploration and mapping of the Great Lakes' coastline. In 1828, the main British military establishment on the Upper Lakes moved from Drummond Island to Penetanguishene. Families of Métis fur traders who had moved with the British from Michilimackinac to Drummond Island after the War of 1812, moved again to Penetanguishene. They settled in the town and the surrounding area. Although the naval base was closed in 1834, the military base remained until 1856. Some of the troops settled in the area after their service was complete providing an English-speaking population.

In the 1840s, French-speaking families from Quebec (mainly from the area immediately east of Montreal), attracted by promises of cheap and fertile land, joined the French-speaking Drummond Island settlers already in the area. Later, as the logging industry began to develop, more English-speaking settlers arrived. Penetanguishene became the local market and meeting place for these individuals. Many of Penetanguishene's families today are descended from the Québécois settlers who arrived in the 1800s, giving the town a marked bilingual nature.

Today[edit]

Built in 1836, St. James on-the-Lines is an historic Anglican garrison church in Penetanguishene.

The historic naval and military base (now called Discovery Harbour) near Penetanguishene is open to visitors. There are reconstructed buildings from the historic Penetanguishene Naval Yard and two replica sailing ships from the 1812 period, HMS Bee and HMS Tecumseth. The ships no longer sail with passengers but they may be visited in the harbour.

The King's Wharf Theatre located at Discovery Harbour has a programme of popular plays and musicals every summer.

Penetanguishene, along with Midland and Parry Sound, is one of the departure points for Georgian Bay's 30,000 Islands boat tours. These leave daily from the town's main dock.

Penetanguishene is home to the Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care, a maximum security mental health facility.

There are two notable and historic churches located in Penetanguishene. The oldest is St. James on-the-Lines, a small wooden Anglican church built in 1836 to serve the military garrison and civilian population. The most prominent is the large limestone Roman Catholic church named St. Ann's. Originally named "Ste Anne's Jesuit Memorial Church: Canadian National Shrine", it is sometimes referred to today as the "Cathedral of the North". The Church was constructed between 1886 and 1902 by pastor Theophile Francis Laboureau. Laboureau secured major funding for the church from the Bishops of Rouen and Normandy in France as well as the governments of England, France and the United States. [4]As it serves a bilingual Catholic community, services are held in both French and English.[5]

Education[edit]

Penetanguishene has four different school boards within its limits — the publicly founded English board (Simcoe County District School Board), which runs the Penetanguishene Secondary School and James Keating Elementary School; the French Catholic School Board Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud, which operates École élémentaire catholique Saint-Louis; the Public French School Board, the Conseil scolaire Viamonde and the English Catholic School Board. The town is also home to the province's last remaining Protestant Separate school board.

Sports[edit]

The Junior C hockey Penetang Kings are based in the town.

Demographics[edit]

The town has a significant concentration of Franco-Ontarians. It is one of only three communities in Central and Southwestern Ontario where the population of francophones exceeds the provincial average of five percent, the other two being Welland and Lakeshore. The town is also 12.6% Métis, compared to the provincial average of 0.6%.

Media[edit]

The town is home to a francophone community radio station, CFRH-FM (Vague FM), but is otherwise served by media based in the neighbouring town of Midland.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Penetanguishene census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  2. ^ Education Day: Canadian Aboriginal Festival. November 25, 2005. Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario.
  3. ^ Osborne, A. C. "Old Penetanguishene: Sketches of its Pioneer, Naval and Military Days" in Pioneer Papers, No. 5. Simcoe County Pioneer and Historical Society (Barrie, ON: 1912).
  4. ^ St. Anne's of Penetanguishene: Huronia's First Mission by David Dupuis
  5. ^ "Penetanguishene - Attractions". Town of Penetanguishene. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 

External links[edit]