Pennsylvania Route 419

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PA Route 419 marker

PA Route 419
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 28.109 mi[1] (45.237 km)
Tourist
routes:
Lebanon Cornwall Scenic Byway
Major junctions
South end: US 322 in West Cornwall Township
  US 422 in Womelsdorf
I-78 / US 22 in Bethel Township
North end: PA 183 in Bethel Township
Location
Counties: Lebanon, Berks
Highway system
PA 418 PA 420
PA 482 PA-483 (1926).svg PA 484

Pennsylvania Route 419 (PA 419) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. The route runs from U.S. Route 322 (US 322) in West Cornwall Township, Lebanon County north to PA 183 in Bethel Township, Berks County. The route heads east from US 322 through Quentin and Cornwall to Schaefferstown, where it turns east and passes through Newmanstown. PA 419 enters Berks County and passes through Womelsdorf, where it comes to a junction with US 422. From the route, the route continues north and passes through Rehrersburg and has an interchange with Interstate 78 (I-78)/US 22 near Schubert before coming to its northern terminus. PA 419 is a two-lane undivided road its entire length and passes through rural areas. The portion of the route in Lebanon County is designated the Lebanon Cornwall Scenic Byway, a Pennsylvania Scenic Byway.

What is now PA 419 was designated as part of PA 5 between Quentin and Cornwall and part of PA 83 between Rehrersburg and north of Schubert in 1927. A year later, PA 483 was designated between US 22/PA 3 (now US 422) in Womelsdorf and PA 83 in Rehrersburg while PA 72 was designated concurrent with PA 5 between Quentin and Cornwall. US 322 replaced PA 5 in the 1930s. PA 483 was decommissioned in the 1940s. By 1960, PA 72 was shifted off the road between Quentin and Cornwall while PA 83 was moved off the road between Rehrersburg and Schubert, with US 322 removed from the road in 1963. PA 419 was designated by 1966 onto its current alignment.

Route description[edit]

PA 419 begins at an intersection with US 322 (Horseshoe Pike) in West Cornwall Township, Lebanon County, heading east on two-lane undivided Main Street. The route passes through the residential community of Quentin and comes to an intersection with PA 72 (Quentin Road). The road continues into the borough of Cornwall and becomes Freeman Drive, running through a mix of farmland and woodland with some homes. PA 419 turns to the northeast and crosses into South Lebanon Township, where the name becomes Schaeffer Road and it continues east through agricultural areas with occasional development. The route enters Heidelberg Township and passes through the community of Buffalo Springs before it passes to the north of Keller Brothers Airport. The road runs through more rural land with some homes before it reaches the community of Schaefferstown. At this point, PA 419 comes to an intersection with PA 897 (South 5th Avenue), with that route turning east to join PA 419 in a concurrency along Heidelburg Avenue. The two routes cross PA 501 and continue east through residential areas with some businesses. PA 419 splits from PA 897 by turning north onto Market Street and passes more homes before leaving Schaefferstown. The road heads northeast into farmland with some trees and homes, crossing into Millcreek Township and becoming an unnamed road. The route curves east through more agricultural land before turning northeast again and passing through the communities of Millbach Springs and Millbach. PA 419 heads into the community of Newmanstown, where it is called Main Street and is lined with homes. After leaving Newmanstown, the road comes to a bridge over Norfolk Southern's Harrisburg Line.[2][3] In Lebanon County, PA 419 is known as the Lebanon Cornwall Scenic Byway, a Pennsylvania Scenic Byway.[4]

PA 419 enters Heidelberg Township in Berks County and heads northeast through farmland on Newmanstown Road. The route turns north and heads into the borough of Womelsdorf, where it becomes South 2nd Street and is lined with homes. PA 419 turns west onto West High Street for a block before it heads north along North 3rd Street. The route runs past residences and commercial establishments before it reaches a junction with US 422 (Conrad Weiser Parkway) in an area of businesses. Past this intersection, the road becomes Rehrersburg Road and leaves Womelsdorf for Heidelberg Township again before it crosses the Tulpehocken Creek into Marion Township. PA 419 continues through agricultural areas before it curves northwest into a mix of farmland and woodland with some homes. The road enters Tulpehocken Township and passes through the community of Host, continuing north-northwest. Near Rehrersburg, the route splits from Rehrersburg Road by turning north onto Four Point Road and heading through farmland with some trees and homes. PA 419 crosses Little Swatara Creek into Bethel Township and crosses Old Route 22 before it reaches an interchange with I-78/US 22 near a few businesses. Past this interchange, the road passes near farm fields and homes in Schubert before it enters forested areas at the base of Blue Mountain. PA 419 curves northeast and reaches its northern terminus at an intersection with PA 183.[2][5]

History[edit]

PA Route 483
Location: WomelsdorfRehrersburg
Existed: 1928–1940s

When routes were first legislated in Pennsylvania in 1911, the present-day route of PA 419 was not designated as a legislative route. At this time, the roadway was paved in Millcreek Township, while an unpaved road continued south to Schaefferstown and north to Legislative Route 149 in Womelsdorf.[6] The portion of the route between Quentin and Cornwall was designated as part of PA 5 and the current route north of Rehrersburg was designated as part of PA 83 in 1927.[7][8] In 1928, PA 483 was designated to run from US 22/PA 3 (now US 422) in Womelsdorf north to PA 83 in Rehrersburg along unpaved Rehrersburg Road. At this time, the segment of PA 5/PA 72 between Quentin and Cornwall and the segment of PA 83 between Rehrersburg and north of Schubert, along with the unnumbered road between Schaefferstown and Womelsdorf, was paved. The unnumbered road between Rexmont and Schaefferstown was unpaved.[8] By 1930, the road between Cornwall and Schaefferstown along with the entire length of PA 483 were paved.[9] In the 1930s, US 322 replaced the PA 5 designation that ran concurrent with PA 72 between Quentin and Cornwall.[10] The PA 483 designation between US 422 in Womelsdorf and PA 83 in Rehrersburg was decommissioned in the 1940s.[11]

By 1960, PA 83 was shifted east to a new alignment through Strausstown, leaving the road between Rehrersburg and north of Schubert unnumbered. Also by this time, PA 72 was removed from US 322 between Quentin and Cornwall after it was moved to a new alignment between Quentin and Lebanon.[12] In 1963, US 322 was shifted to bypass Cornwall along with PA 72, removing it from the road that ran between Quentin and Cornwall.[13][14] PA 419 was designated by 1966 to run from US 322 in Quentin east and north to PA 183 north of Schubert along its current alignment.[14][15] PA 419 and PA 897 previously ran concurrent with PA 501 in Schaefferstown between Stiegel Pike and Carpenter Street.[16] In 2013, PA 501 was shifted to bypass Schaefferstown to the west along a new alignment, eliminating the concurrency with PA 419 and PA 897.[17]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Lebanon West Cornwall Township 0.000 0.000 US 322 (Horseshoe Pike) – Ephrata, Hershey
0.626 1.007 PA 72 (Quentin Road) to US 322 east – VA Hospital, Lebanon, Manheim
Heidelberg Township 7.873 12.670 PA 897 north (South 5th Avenue) – Lebanon Southern terminus of PA 897 concurrency
8.034 12.929 PA 501 – Myerstown, Brickerville
8.650 13.921 PA 897 south (Heidelburg Avenue) – Cocalico Northern terminus of PA 897 concurrency
Berks Womelsdorf 16.998 27.356 US 422 (Conrad Weiser Parkway) – Lebanon, Reading
Bethel Township 26.204 42.171 I-78 / US 22 – Harrisburg, Allentown Exit 17 (I-78/US 22)
28.109 45.237 PA 183 – Cressona, Pottsville, Strausstown
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Route map: Bing

  1. ^ a b Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (December 31, 2012). "Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams" (2013 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Google (January 31, 2015). "overview of Pennsylvania Route 419" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  3. ^ Lebanon County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Lebanon Cornwall". VisitPA.com. Retrieved March 27, 2012. 
  5. ^ Berks County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014. 
  6. ^ Map of Pennsylvania Showing State Highways (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1911. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Highway Map (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1927. Retrieved December 26, 2007. 
  8. ^ a b Pennsylvania Highway Map (Philadelphia Metro) (Map). Gulf Oil. 1928. Retrieved November 8, 2007. 
  9. ^ Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  10. ^ Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940. Retrieved June 24, 2010. 
  11. ^ Official Road Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1950. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  12. ^ Official Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  13. ^ Staff (2012). "NBI Structure Number: 000000000022677". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b General Highway Map Lebanon County, Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1969. Retrieved January 29, 2015. 
  15. ^ General Highway Map Berks County, Pennsylvania Sheet 1 (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 1966. Retrieved December 14, 2012. 
  16. ^ Lebanon County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). PennDOT. 2005. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Schaefferstown bypass opens to traffic". Lebanon Daily News. September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013.