Reading Railroad station on Eighth Street
Border detail of Lebanon and surrounding municipalities
|• Mayor||Sherry Capello (R)|
|• Total||4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)|
|• Density||5,838/sq mi (2,254.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Lebanon, formerly known as Steitztown, is a city in and the county seat of Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 25,477 at the 2010 census, a 4.2% increase from the 2000 count of 24,461. Lebanon is located in the central part of the Lebanon Valley, 26 miles (42 km) east of Harrisburg and 29 miles (47 km) west of Reading.
Native tribes in the area of what is now Lebanon included the Shawnee, Susquehannock, Gawanese, Lenape (or Delaware), and Nanticoke peoples. Lebanon was then settled in 1720 by European colonists, many with the family names of "Steitz" and "Light", along a creek that was then named "Steitz Creek". The Light patriarchs built a fort to protect against Indians and named it "Light's Fort" during this time. The town was laid out in 1753. The town was incorporated as a borough on February 20, 1821 and became a city on November 25, 1885. It adopted the commission form of government, consisting of four councilmen and a mayor. In 1900, 17,628 people lived in Lebanon; in 1910, 19,240 people lived there; in 1920, 24,643 people lived there; and in 1940, 27,206 people lived in Lebanon, Pennsylvania.
The Josiah Funck Mansion, Cornwall & Lebanon Railroad Station, Chestnut Street Log House, St. Lukes Episcopal Church, Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church, Reading Railroad Station and Tabor Reformed Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Lebanon is located at (40.341529, -76.420853).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), all of it land.
Lebanon is bordered to the north and east by North Lebanon Township (4.5 mi), to the south and east by South Lebanon Township (3.22 mi), to the west by West Lebanon Township (1.07 mi), and to the south and west by North Cornwall Township (4.38 mi). The Quittapahilla Creek drains the city westward into the Susquehanna River via the Swatara Creek.
As of the 2010 census, the city was 74.1% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.1% Asian, and 3.2% were two or more races. 32.1% of the population were of Hispanic of Latino ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,461 people, 10,266 households, and 6,056 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,844.8 people per square mile (2,254.0/km²). There were 11,220 housing units at an average density of 2,681.0 per square mile (1,033.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.50% White, 3.23% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 8.11% from other races, and 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.43% of the population.
There were 10,266 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,259, and the median income for a family was $34,045. Males had a median income of $26,957 versus $20,162 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,584. About 12.8% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
Public education is provided by the Lebanon School District and Cornwall-Lebanon School District. Private institutions include Lebanon Catholic High School, Blue Mountain Christian School, New Covenant Christian School and Lebanon Christian Academy. All three private institutions have a varsity sports department and an elementary, junior high, and senior high. Students in Lebanon School District also may attend the Lebanon County Career and Technology Center (LCCTC). The city is home to Harrisburg Area Community College's Lebanon Campus.
Lebanon is one of several Pennsylvania towns to drop or raise a unique item at midnight on New Year's Eve. Godshall's Quality Meats, owners of Weaver's Famous Lebanon Bologna, donates a huge (150-pound (68 kg)) Lebanon bologna for the annual festivity. It is encased in a metal frame and suspended from a fire department ladder truck, and donated to a local rescue mission after the celebration.
An infamous 1878 murder in Fort Indiantown Gap resulted in a trial of six defendants who all had blue eyes. They were given the moniker the Blue-eyed Six by a newspaper reporter who attended the trial, held in the Lebanon county courthouse. Five of the six defendants were hanged at the county jail. The trial received worldwide publicity and provided inspiration to Arthur Conan Doyle in writing the Sherlock Holmes short story The Adventure of the Red-Headed League.
At one point in history the Lebanon County courthouse and jail became the home of the Lebanon Farmers Market. However, the popular farmers market returned to the original 30,000 square foot Market House location on South 8th street in 2003. This popular indoor market includes vendors such as Candy Rama, Keener Poultry, The Pretzel Twist and TTT Star Sushi. In addition to the vendors, customers can sit down and dine upstairs in Niko's Restaurant.
In December 2008, the TV show Dirty Jobs, hosted by Mike Rowe, visited the Seltzer's Smokehouse Meats to film production of Lebanon bologna. Later,[when?] the show featured the Wertz Candy Shop.
Lebanon, Pennsylvania, is named after the ancient Middle Eastern nation of Lebanon, which is commonly pronounced //, rhyming with the name "John." However, locals consistently pronounce the Pennsylvania city's name // ("Leb-a-nin") and many shorten it to two syllables—"Leb-nin" or even "Lep-nin." The latter is particularly identified with Pennsylvania Dutch heritage. 
- Thomas Albert, composer
- Sam Bowie, NBA center
- Kerry Collins, NFL quarterback
- Bobby Gerhart, NASCAR/ARCA driver
- Jamie Lynn Gray, sport shooter and gold medalist at the 2012 Summer Olympics
- Jared Odrick, NFL defensive end for the Miami Dolphins
- Frank Reich, former NFL quarterback
- George S. Rentz, World War II Navy Cross recipient and United States Navy Chaplain
- Dick Shiner, former NFL quarterback
- Lebanon: About Lebanon
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- A Brief History of Lancaster County. Web.archive.org (1999-02-03). Retrieved on 2013-07-27.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- WHT.com news story
- Ludwig, Gary (1979). The Blue Eyed Six, A Historical Narrative. Lebanon, PA: Hodge Podge USA.
- TV.com episode recap
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lebanon, Pennsylvania.|
|Wikisource has the text of an 1879 American Cyclopædia article about Lebanon, Pennsylvania.|
- Lebanon, PA
- 29917|The Community of Lebanon Association
- Lebanon Valley Chamber of Commerce
- Lebanon Valley Council on the Arts
- Lebanon School District
- Cedar Crest High School
- Lebanon County Career and Technology Center
- Lebanon Christian Academy
- Godshalls Quality Meats (New Year's Eve Bologna Drop)