Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
The Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, alternatively Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute is a major centre for cancer treatment, professional oncologist training, and oncology research in Australia. It is named after Professor Sir Peter MacCallum.
It is one of the few cancer treatment facilities in the world that has a fully integrated clinical and laboratory program situated alongside a hospital. This facilitates the translation of research findings into clinical outcomes within the single site.
The Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre offers much in the way of integrated services — including medical oncology and radiation oncology facilities and links with allied health services such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, speech therapy and social services.
The Victorian Cancer Institute's cancer hospital was given the title "Peter MacCallum Clinic" after the (then) Dean of the Faculty of Medicine at Melbourne University, Peter MacCallum, who along with Rutherford Kaye-Scott had a significant role in its founding. At the time (c. 1949) it was a common practice not to inform patients that they had cancer. It was thought that, because radiotherapy was also quite commonly used at that time to treat non-cancerous conditions such as severe acne, "strawberry birthmarks", frozen shoulders, keloid scars — and, also, to provide a valuable, non-invasive means for medical sterilization — the name "Peter MacCallum Clinic" would be much less threatening because the "Clinic" could be "positioned" as a specialist radiotherapeutic Centre, rather it being thought of as a dedicated cancer hospital.
Its main campus operates in East Melbourne with satellite services at Bendigo Base Hospital, Box Hill Hospital, Monash Medical Centre (Moorabbin campus, in East Bentleigh), and Sunshine Hospital in St Albans.
The East Melbourne campus is located at the site of the former St Andrew's Hospital (that was run by the Presbyterian Church), to which the (then) Peter MacCallum Clinic (which was formerly at the corner of William Street and Little Lonsdale Street) moved in the 1990s.