Petone

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Petone
Storm Wellington Harbour.JPG
Petone Wharf on a stormy day
Basic information
Local authority Lower Hutt City
Electoral ward Harbour
Date established 1840
Population 6,609 (2006 [1])
Facilities
Train station(s) Petone Railway Station
Surrounds
North Maungaraki
Northeast Ava
East Moera
Southeast Seaview
South Wellington Harbour
Northwest Korokoro

Petone (/pɛˈtni/, Māori: Pito-one) is a major suburb of the city of Lower Hutt in New Zealand. It is located at the southern end of the narrow triangular plain of the Hutt River, on the northern shore of Wellington Harbour. The name, from the Māori Pito-one, means "end of the sand beach".[2]

History[edit]

Petone was the first European settlement in the Wellington region and retains many historical buildings and landmarks.

A substantial Maori pa (fortified settlement) was already established at Pito-one close to the beach when the first European settlers arrived in the region. The first European settlers in large numbers arrived on 22 January 1840, on the ship Aurora[3] carrying 25 married couples, 36 single persons and 40 children. The locality was described as, "sandy beach, which is about two miles long ... bounded on either side by wooded hills from 300 to 400 feet in height. It was covered in high forest to within a mile and a half of the beach, when swamps full of flax and a belt of sand hummocks intervened." The Maori from the nearby pa came to meet them, one passenger's diary recording, "the venerable old chief Te Puni ... together with sons and endless relatives and a pa full of natives who were delighted to greet us with 'Kapai-te-Pakeha' and other expressions of greeting". A beach settlement of small wooden houses and tents was established, which was initially called Britannia. The earliest European settlers found life hard. Nevertheless the settlement grew: the population of "Pito-one and Hutt" in 1845 was given as 649, compared to, "Town of Wellington" of 2,667. In 1850 the Maori pa at Pito-one was described as, "the largest and best fortified within the District of Wellington ... their cultivations of kumara and maize look well and the residents, in point of comfort and wealth, are better off than any of the Port Nicholson natives ... total population 136." There was horse racing at Pito-one Beach on 20 October 1842, attracting a crowd of five or six hundred people from Wellington.[4]

The site for the principal settlement in the area was later designated as Thorndon around the shores of what is now the city of Wellington, New Zealand's capital. Petone gained borough status in 1888.

For much of the 20th century, Petone was a thriving, largely working-class town and the location of several large industrial sites, including two car assembly plants, a meat processing plant, a wool processing plant, a tobacco processing plant, a soap factory and a toothpaste factory. The majority of these closed in the 1970s and 1980s, resulting in gradual economic decline. Petone Borough amalgamated with Lower Hutt as a result of the local government reform in 1989.

The suburb has since enjoyed renewed economic growth, using its early European heritage as a draw for tourists and gaining many cafes and shops.

It is home of the Petone Rugby Club which has been one of the world's leading clubs since 1885.

State housing[edit]

Some of New Zealand's first State housing was constructed in Petone in 1906, with some of the original houses remaining in good condition. The local tourist office provides a guide showing where these houses are located.

Notable features[edit]

  • The Te Puna Wai Ora (Spring of Life) in Buick Street provides pure untreated artesian (underground pressured) water from taps. The water originates from the Hutt River at the Taitā Gorge and is safe to drink in its natural form as it has been naturally filtered through the alluvial gravels and sands of the Hutt Valley over several years. It is free, highly valued and consumers travel long distances to collect the water for drinking purposes.[5]
  • Petone Community Library (Te Kete Wanaga) Walk on access via Jackson Street.

Petone Rotary Fair[edit]

Scenes from the Petone Rotary Fair

The Petone Rotary Fair is a notable local event, held annually since 1992, that draws people from all over the greater Wellington region to Jackson Street, Petone's main thoroughfare, which is closed off to traffic.

The purpose of the fair is not only to raise the profile of Petone and provide an enjoyable day out, but to raise money for charity. The fair consists of various stalls selling everything from plants, artwork, jewellery, CDs & DVDs, cosmetics, food and drink, etc., as well as musicians, carnival rides, and displays from various organisations such as the New Zealand Fire Service.

Education[edit]

Petone has three schools

  • Petone Central School is a state full primary (Year 1–8) school in central Petone, and has 124 students as of October 2014.[6]
  • Sacred Heart School is a state-integrated Catholic full primary (Year 1–8) school in central Petone, and has 159 students as of October 2014.[6]
  • Wilford School is a state full primary (Year 1–8) school in northeastern Petone, and has 309 students as of October 2014.[6]

Since the closure of Petone College in 1998, Hutt Valley High School in central Lower Hutt has served state secondary education in the suburb.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hutt City Council - 2006 Hutt City Demographic Profile Retrieved: 7 January 2009
  2. ^ Te Ara: The encyclopaedia of New Zealand - Hutt Valley - south Retrieved: 13 January 2009
  3. ^ "First European settlers arrive in Wellington". 22 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Early Wellington" compiled by Louis E. Ward, Whitcomb and Tombs Ltd 1929.
  5. ^ Hutt City - Petone's Artesian Water Retrieved: 5 April 2012
  6. ^ a b c "Directory of Schools - as at 5 November 2014". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 2014-12-06. 

Coordinates: 41°13′30.00″S 174°52′40.80″E / 41.2250000°S 174.8780000°E / -41.2250000; 174.8780000