Arthur Cardin

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The Hon.
Arthur Cardin
Arthur Cardin.jpg
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Richelieu—Verchères
In office
1935–1946
Preceded by District was created in 1933
Succeeded by Gérard Cournoyer
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Richelieu
In office
1911–1935
Preceded by Adélard Lanctôt
Succeeded by District was abolished in 1933
Personal details
Born Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin
(1879-06-28)June 28, 1879
Sorel, Quebec
Died October 20, 1946(1946-10-20) (aged 67)
Political party Liberal

Pierre Joseph Arthur Cardin, PC (June 28, 1879 – October 20, 1946) also known as Arthur Cardin was a Canadian politician who quit the cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King over the issue of conscription.

Born in Sorel, Quebec, he was a lawyer before being elected to the Canadian House of Commons for the riding of Richelieu in the 1911 federal election. A Liberal, he was re-elected in every election he contested in Richelieu and, beginning in 1935, Richelieu—Verchères. He held four ministerial positions: Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Minister of Marine, Minister of Public Works, and Minister of Transport.

Cardin called for a "Yes" vote in the 1942 plebiscite to release the King government's from its pledge not to introduce conscription but resigned from Cabinet in May 1942 over the introduction of the National Resources Mobilization Act which gave the government the authority to do so when Mackenzie King was prepared to enable conscription through an Order in Council, although he had previously promised to seek a motion of confidence before bringing in mandatory military service.[1]

In April 1942, Cardin announced that he would be leading a slate of candidates in the June 1945 federal election most of whom were former Liberals who had left the party over the issue of conscription.[2] The party, which won the support of the "Independent Group" of Quebec MPs led by Frédéric Dorion was to be known as the National Front and was considered more moderate than the Bloc populaire canadien.[3] Among its policies was opposition to the "socialism" the Mackenzie King government had introduced during the war, continued opposition to conscription, and bringing about greater national unity in Canada based on equality between French and English Canadians.[3] However in May Cardin abandoned his plans for a new party on May 8, 1945, declaring his desire to use the new party to bring about the "unity and equality" of both the province and the country as "an illusion", due to the failure of the more radical Bloc populaire canadien and other nationalists to join his movement and unite behind his leadership. One serious problem for Cardin was hostility towards him from former Montreal mayor Camillien Houde who had been interned during the war for his opposition to conscription and was attempting to lead his own group of candidates in the 1945 election. Houde held Cardin, who had been a member of Cabinet at the time of Houde's arrest, responsible for the decision to intern him.[4] Cardin instead ran and was re-elected to parliament as an independent candidate.[5] He died the next year in 1946.

Cardin Mountain, later adjusted to Mount Cardin, in British Columbia is named in his honour.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://books.google.ca/books?id=mCYcnOs8LwIC&pg=PA220&lpg=PA220&dq=cardin+conscription+resignation&source=bl&ots=7lUskIDkX7&sig=4V6qgWTE1U7-XWMj9pdg48Jhghg&hl=en&ei=cTtpSrSTG-WltgeK0v2zDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1
  2. ^ "'Something Different' Is Party Cardin to Lead In Protest Against King", Globe and Mail, April 26, 1945
  3. ^ a b "Another Party For Quebec", Globe and Mail, April 30, 1945
  4. ^ "Houde Sees War Against Russia Within 6 Months", Globe and Mail, June 5, 1945
  5. ^ "Cardin Abandons National Front; was 'An Illusion'", Globe and Mail, May 9, 1945