Herb Gray

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The Right Honourable
Herb Gray
PC, CC, QC, BComm, LLB, LLD(Hon)
Herb Gray 2008.jpg
Gray in 2008
Leader of the Opposition
In office
February 8, 1990 – December 10, 1990
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by John Turner
Succeeded by Jean Chrétien
Member of Parliament for Essex West
In office
September 27, 1962 – June 24, 1968
Preceded by Norman Spencer
Succeeded by riding dissolved
Member of Parliament for Windsor West
In office
June 25, 1968 – January 14, 2002
Preceded by first member
Succeeded by Brian Masse
7th Deputy Prime Minister of Canada
In office
June 11, 1997 – January 14, 2002
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien
Preceded by Sheila Copps
Succeeded by John Manley
Personal details
Born Herbert Eser Gray
(1931-05-25) May 25, 1931 (age 82)
Windsor, Ontario
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Sharon Sholzberg
Children Jonathan David
Elizabeth Anne
Residence Ottawa, Ontario
Alma mater McGill University
Osgoode Hall Law School
Religion Jewish

Herbert Eser "Herb" Gray, PC CC QC (born May 25, 1931) is a former Deputy Prime Minister of Canada. He was Canada's first Jewish federal cabinet minister,[1] and is one of only a few Canadians ever granted the title The Right Honourable who was not so entitled by virtue of a position held.

Early life[edit]

Gray was born in Windsor, Ontario, the son of Fannie (née Lifitz), a nurse, and Harry Gray, who had a business selling yard goods. His parents were both from Belarusian Jewish families.[2] Gray attended Victoria School and Kennedy Collegiate Institute in Windsor[1] before receiving a Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1952 from McGill University.[3] He then attended Osgoode Hall Law School where he received a Bachelor of Laws degree. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada.[4] On July 23, 1967, Gray married lawyer Sharon Sholzberg, with whom he has two children: Jonathan David and Elizabeth Anne.[1]

Politics[edit]

He was first elected to Parliament for the riding of Essex West on June 18, 1962, as a member of the Liberal Party of Canada. He was re-elected in twelve subsequent federal elections, making him the longest continuously-serving Member of Parliament in Canadian history.[5]

Gray served in a variety of roles during his parliamentary career, including cabinet ministries and committee chairmanships during the Liberal governments of Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau, and as Opposition House Leader from 1984 to 1990.

From February 6, 1990, to December 21, 1990, he was Leader of the Opposition, between the resignation of John Turner as Liberal leader and the election to Parliament of his successor, Jean Chrétien.

When the Liberals returned to power after the 1993 election, Gray was appointed Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Solicitor General of Canada. On June 11, 1997, he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister.

Gray also retained an interest in provincial politics in the Windsor area. In 1996, he was named as honorary co-chair of Dwight Duncan's bid to the lead the provincial Liberal Party. (Windsor Star, 26 June 1996) Duncan had previously worked in Gray's office.

Retirement[edit]

Bronze statue by sculptor Christopher Rees in Windsor, Ontario.

Gray retired from Parliament on January 14, 2002, and was appointed Canadian Chair of the International Joint Commission, a bilateral organization which deals with Canada-United States transboundary issues on water and air rights.

On November 28, 2008, Carleton University announced that Gray had been appointed as the university's 10th chancellor.[6]

Honours[edit]

On January 15, 2002, the Governor General of Canada granted Gray the title "The Right Honourable", in honour of his distinguished and record-setting contribution to Canadian political life. In 2003, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada, a designation which can be bestowed on only 165 outstanding Canadians at any given time, in recognition of being "an enduring force in Canadian politics".[7] He is a recipient of the Canadian Centennial Medal, the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal, the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal, and the Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal. He has received honorary degrees from the University of Windsor, Assumption University (Windsor), Catholic University of Lublin (Poland), McGill University, and the University of Ottawa, and Honorary Lifetime Membership as Governor #71 with Junior Chamber International Canada (JCI Canada).[1] In 2009, he became an honorary brother of Alpha Epsilon Pi.[8]

The upgraded Windsor-Essex Parkway is being renamed for Gray as Right Honourable Herb Gray Parkway.

Electoral record[edit]

Essex West[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal GRAY, Herb 18,152 45.55 +11.25
Progressive Conservative SPENCER, Norman L. 11,018 27.65 -18.10
New Democratic TEPPERMAN, Bill 9,771 24.52 +5.43
Social Credit GAGNIER, Ray 649 1.63 +0.77
     Co-operative Builders CHARRON, Edgar-Bernard 261 0.65
Total valid votes 39,851 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal GRAY, Herb 23,165 56.14 +10.59
Progressive Conservative BROPHEY, Tom 10,946 26.53 -1.12
New Democratic PRICE, Trevor 6,267 15.19 -9.33
Social Credit GAGNIER, Ray 884 2.14 +0.51
Total valid votes 41,262 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal GRAY, Herb 21,525 56.12 -0.02
Progressive Conservative DIXON, Austin 10,298 26.85 +0.22
New Democratic PEACOCK, Hugh 5,739 14.96 -0.23
Independent ARMSTRONG, Don 413 1.08
Social Credit BACKER, Jack 379 0.99 -1.15
Total valid votes 38,354 100.00

Windsor West[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 16,442 54.06
New Democratic Stuart Ross 8,972 29.50
Progressive Conservative William J. Waldron 5,002 16.45
Total valid votes 30,416 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 17,966 49.20 -4.86
New Democratic Paul Forder 13,110 35.90 +6.40
Progressive Conservative John Gunning 5,441 14.90 -1.55
Total valid votes 36,517 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 19,474 55.97 +6.77
New Democratic Ron Seale 10,630 30.55 -5.35
Progressive Conservative Bill McKay 4,466 12.84 -2.06
Marxist–Leninist Ray Greig 222 0.64
Total valid votes 34,792 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 16,943 48.56 -7.41
New Democratic Maxine Jones 11,906 34.12 +3.57
Progressive Conservative Bob Krause 5,869 16.82 +3.98
Communist Gerard O'Neill 102 0.29
Marxist–Leninist M. Villamizar 74 0.21 -0.43
Total valid votes 34,894 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 19,755 58.50 +9.94
New Democratic Maxine Jones 9,785 28.98 -4.14
Progressive Conservative Ned Griffith 4,107 12.16 -4.66
Communist Gerard O'Neill 72 0.21
Marxist–Leninist Margaret Villamizar 49 0.15 -0.06
Total valid votes 33,768 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 13,624 40.55 -17.95
New Democratic Paul Forder 11,503 34.23 +5.25
Progressive Conservative Marty Goldberg 8,158 24.28 +12.12
Rhinoceros Martin X. Deck 232 0.69
Communist Mike Longmoore 84 0.25 +0.04
Total valid votes 33,601 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 23,796 56.24 +15.69
New Democratic Paul Forder 12,143 27.80 -6.43
Progressive Conservative Bert Silcox 6,131 14.49 -9.79
Independent Robert Cruise 127 0.30
Communist Maggie Bizzell 112 0.26
Total valid votes 42,309 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 27,008 73.00 +16.76
Reform Brett Skinner 4,179 11.30
New Democratic Emily Carasco 3,359 9.08 -18.72
Progressive Conservative Dan Friesen 1,663 4.49 -10.00
Green Sarah Atkinson 395 1.07
Natural Law Larry Decter 138 0.37
Independent Bill Steptoe 128 0.35
Marxist–Leninist Robert Cruise 93 0.25 -0.05
Abolitionist Rose Pope 35 0.09
Total valid votes 36,998 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 21,877 55.20 -17.80
New Democratic Tom Milne 9,411 23.74 +14.66
Reform Jeff Watson 5,295 13.36 +2.06
Progressive Conservative Dan Friesen 2,452 6.19 +1.70
Green Richard Warman 398 1.00 -0.07
Marxist–Leninist Robert Cruise 199 0.50 +0.25
Total valid votes 39,632 100.00
Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±pp
Liberal Herb Gray 20,729 54.21 -0.99
Alliance Jeff Watson 8,777 22.95 +9.59
New Democratic John McGinlay 6,080 15.90 -7.84
Progressive Conservative Ian West 2,116 5.53 -0.66
Independent Christopher Soda 304 0.80
Marxist–Leninist Enver Villamizar 229 0.60 +0.10
Total valid votes 38,235 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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