Lloyd N. Axworthy
PC, OC, OM, BA, MA, PhD
|President of the University of Winnipeg|
June 6, 2004
|Preceded by||Patrick Deane (acting)|
|Member of Parliament
for Winnipeg South Centre
|Preceded by||district created|
|Succeeded by||Anita Neville|
|Member of Parliament
for Winnipeg—Fort Garry
|Preceded by||Sidney Spivak|
|Succeeded by||district abolished|
|Born||Lloyd Norman Axworthy
December 21, 1939
North Battleford, Saskatchewan
|Alma mater||Princeton University|
|Profession||politician, author, educator|
Lloyd Norman Axworthy, PC, OC, OM (born December 21, 1939) is a Canadian politician, statesman and academic. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Axworthy is currently President of the University of Winnipeg.
Axworthy was born in North Battleford, Saskatchewan to a family with strong United Church roots, and received his BA from United College, a Winnipeg based Bible school, in 1961. He received his MA and PhD from Princeton University in 1963 and 1972 respectively, returning to Canada to teach at the University of Manitoba and the University of Winnipeg. At the latter, he also became the director of the Institute of Urban Affairs. His approach to urban renewal has been described in architectural circles as Gentrification Modernism or post-Dickensianism.
Early political career
Axworthy became involved in politics during the 1950s, becoming a member of the Liberal Party after attending a speech by Lester B. Pearson. He briefly aligned himself with the New Democratic Party (NDP) in the 1960s when Pearson, as federal opposition leader, called for American Bomarc nuclear warheads to be allowed on Canadian soil. He soon returned to the Liberal fold, however, and worked as an executive assistant for John Turner; he supported Turner's bid to become party leader at the 1968 leadership convention.
Axworthy ran for the party in Winnipeg North Centre in the 1968 election, finishing second against veteran NDP Member of Parliament (MP) Stanley Knowles. He first ran for the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1966 election, placing second to Progressive Conservative Douglas Stanes in St. James. In the 1973 election, he was elected as a Manitoba Liberal in Fort Rouge, He was re-elected in the 1977 election, and was the only Liberal in the legislature from 1977 to 1979.
He resigned from the Manitoba legislature on April 6, 1979 to run for the federal House of Commons, and in the 1979 election narrowly defeated former provincial PC leader Sidney Spivak in Winnipeg—Fort Garry. He was re-elected in the 1980 election, becoming the only Liberal MP west of Ontario. He was promoted to cabinet under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, serving as Minister of Employment and Immigration, and then as Minister of Transport.
In the Liberal defeat in the 1984 election, Axworthy was one of only two Liberals west of Ontario to be elected (the other being then Liberal leader John Turner). Axworthy played a role in opposition, supporting tough on crime policies, but also supporting fiscal conservatism by critiquing the fiscal taxation policy of Brian Mulroney. He was an especially vocal critic of the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement, and countenanced Canadian paternalism in international trade.
When the Liberals returned to power in 1993 under Jean Chrétien, Axworthy became a Cabinet minister. After the election, he was given responsibility for the Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC), and launched changes in employment insurance. Although his main interest was urban renewal,in a 1996 cabinet shuffle, he became Minister of Foreign Affairs. He helped establish the Ottawa Treaty that bans anti-personnel land mines. He also lent his voice to the campaign against the use of child soldiers and the international trade in light weapons.
Honours and awards
In 1997, Axworthy was nominated by United States Senator Patrick Leahy to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on banning land mines.. He did not win, but was thanked by the recipients, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, as having been instrumental in their effort. In 1998 he was one of the two winners of the North–South Prize. In 2003, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
On October 15, 2012, Elder, Dr. Tobasonakwut Kinew and, Dr. Phil Fontaine, honoured Axworthy - Waapshki Pinaysee Inini, Free Range Frog Man, at a sacred Pipe Ceremony. Axworthy was recognized for his commitment to creating an inclusive learning experience that reflects Indigenous cultures and traditions at UWinnipeg. The ceremony was led by Anishinaabe Elder Fred Kelly and "gangsta rapper"/hip hop artist, Wabanakwut Kinew.
In September 2000, Axworthy returned to academia, joining the Liu Institute for Global Issues at the University of British Columbia. He has published Navigating A New World, a book on the uses of "soft power".
In May 2004, he was appointed to his current position as president and vice-chancellor of the University of Winnipeg.
Axworthy is Chair of the Advisory Committee for the Americas Division of Human Rights Watch. He also serves on the advisory council of USC Center on Public Diplomacy and of Fair Vote Canada, and is an endorser of the Genocide Intervention Network and International Student Exchange, Ontario. In 2006, Axworthy was elected to the Board of Directors of Hudbay Minerals, Inc.
- Navigating a New World, Knopf Canada Publishing, 2004
- Liberals at the Border, University of Toronto Press, 2004
- The Axworthy Legacy, Edited by O. Hampson, N. Hillmer, M. Appel Molot, Oxford University Press, 2001
- Boulevard of Broken Dreams: A 40 Year Journey through Portage Avenue - Displacement, Dislocation, and How Osmosis Can Resolve Community Blight', Rattray Canada Publishing, 2014 (In Press)
- The Norwegian Nobel Institute
- "The North South Prize of Lisbon". North-South Centre. Council of Europe. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2008.
- "Order of Canada Lloyd Axworthy". Office of the Governor General of Canada. Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- Lecture transcript and video of Axworthy's speech at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for Peace & Justice at the University of San Diego, February 2005
- Lloyd Axworthy – Parliament of Canada biography
- Order of Canada Citation
Patrick Deane (acting)
|President of the University of Winnipeg
June 6, 2004–present