|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
A political international is a trans-national organisation of political parties or activists. The international works together on points of agreement to co-ordinate activity.
Political internationals have increased in popularity and influence since their beginnings in the political left of 19th-century Europe, as an increased attention has been paid by political activists to developments for or against their own ideological favor in other countries and continents. After World War II, other ideological movements formed their own political internationals in order to communicate among aligned parliamentarians and legislatorial candidates, as well as to communicate to intergovernmental and supranational organisations such as the United Nations and, later, the European Union. Internationals also form supranational and regional branches (i.e., a European branch, an African branch) and maintain fraternal or governing relationships with sector-specific "wings" (i.e., Youth wing, Women's wing).
Political internationals have often expelled member parties for various abuses, such as political malfeasance or financial corruption among members.
List of Notable Internationals
- Centrist Democrat International (mainly Christian Democrats and other religious democrats)
- E2D International (E-democracy, direct democracy)
- Fourth International, founded by Leon Trotsky in 1938 and later split into several competing "Internationals" and subsequently reunified in 1963. (Trotskyism)
- Global Greens (Green politics)
- Humanist International (Humanist Movement)
- Interlibertarians (Libertarianism)
- International of Anarchist Federations, founded in 1968. (Synthesis anarchism)
- International Democrat Union (Conservatism)
- International Monarchist League (Monarchism, Constitutional monarchy)
- International Society for Individual Liberty (Libertarianism)
- International Workers' Association, founded in 1922. (Anarcho-syndicalism)
- Liberal International, founded in 1947 and constituted by the Oxford Manifesto. (Liberalism)
- Pirate Parties International (Pirate politics: intellectual property reform, freedom of information, open government and network neutrality)
- Progressive Alliance (social-democratic and self-described progressive political parties, founded on 22 May 2013)
- Socialist International, a federation of political parties dedicated to social democracy and democratic socialism founded in 1923.
- International Workingmen's Association, commonly known as the First International (communism, anarchism and revolutionary socialism), founded in 1864 and defunct since 1876)
- Anarchist St. Imier International, formed after the expulsion of the anarchists from the First International by the Marxist faction at the Hague Congress, founded in 1872 and defunct since 1877.
- International Working People's Association, also known as the Black International (anarchism).
- Second International (Socialism), founded in 1889 and dissolved in 1916
- Comintern (also known as the Third International), a federation of communist parties founded by Lenin in 1919 and dissolved by Stalin in 1943
- Fascist International (1934 Montreux Fascist conference), a conference of European fascist parties held on 16–17 December 1934 in Montreux, Switzerland.
- Situationist International (Internationalism), revolutionary grouping operating from 1957 to 1972.
Not internationals but similar in functioning
- Alliance of Democrats (groups similar in outlook to the European Democratic Party and the United States Democratic Party)
- International Conference of Asian Political Parties (promotes cooperation and exchange between Asian parties of several ideologies)
- International Libertarian Solidarity, and its successor, the Anarkismo Network (grouping of platformist/especifista anarchist political organisations to facilitate greater international cooperation, but far from being an international at this point)
- Transnational Radical Party (political association of libertarian, liberal and radical citizens, parliamentarians and government members of various national and political backgrounds. The TRP is associated to the United Nations Economic and Social Council)