Liberal International logo
|Formation||April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto|
|Purpose||World federation of liberal political parties and organisations|
|Headquarters||National Liberal Club|
|Membership||104 (From October 2009)|
|Main organ||Congress of Liberal International|
Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as
to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.
The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, free market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.
The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.
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The 13th president of Liberal International is Juli Minoves of the Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA), former Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations. Minoves succeeded to Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament.
Former Presidents include Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after the Franco dictatorship Adolfo Suárez.
Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Helen Zille, and Vice Presidents Cecilia Wikström MEP, Dzhevdet Chakarov MP, Baroness Falkner of Margravine, Kasit Piromya, Markus Löning, and treasurers Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE and Mr Shih-chung Liu. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth.
Liberal International has two main publications:
- LI-news, a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations;
- Liberal Matters, a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal issue.
The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from nineteen liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.
|Andorra||Liberal Party of Andorra||senior party in government coalition|
|Belgium||Reform Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Belgium||Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats||junior party in government coalition|
|Botswana||Botswana Movement for Democracy||extraparlamentary opposition|
|Bulgaria||Movement for Rights and Freedoms||junior party in government coalition|
|Bulgaria||National Movement for Stability and Progress||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Burkina Faso||Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally||in opposition|
|Burundi||Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau||in opposition|
|Cambodia||Cambodia National Rescue Party||in coalition government|
|Canada||Liberal Party of Canada||in opposition|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo||junior party in government coalition|
|Côte d'Ivoire||Rally of the Republicans||in government|
|Cuba||Cuban Liberal Union||in exile|
|Cuba||Democratic Solidarity Party||in exile|
|Cuba||National Liberal Party||in exile|
|Denmark||Danish Social Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Denmark||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Egypt||Free Egyptians Party||N/A|
|Estonia||Estonian Reform Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Finland||Centre Party||in opposition|
|Finland||Swedish People's Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Georgia||Republican Party of Georgia||in government|
|Germany||German Group of the LI||N/A|
|Germany||Free Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Gibraltar||Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Guatemala||Patriotic Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Guinea||Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea||in opposition|
|Guinea||Union of Republican Forces||in opposition|
|Honduras||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Iceland||Progressive Party||in government coalition|
|Israel||Israeli Liberal Group||N/A|
|Kosovo||Independent Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Lebanon||Future Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Luxembourg||Democratic Party||in government coalition|
|Macedonia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Madagascar||Movement for the Progress of Madagascar||in opposition|
|Mexico||New Alliance Party||in opposition|
|Mongolia||Civil Will-Green Party||in opposition|
|Morocco||Constitutional Union||in opposition|
|Morocco||Popular Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Netherlands||Democrats 66||in opposition|
|Netherlands||Dutch Group of LI||N/A|
|Netherlands||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||senior party in government coalition|
|Nicaragua||Independent Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Norway||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Paraguay||Authentic Radical Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Philippines||Liberal Party||in government|
|Romania||Liberal Reformist Party||N/A||Split from National Liberal Party|
|Romania||National Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Senegal||Senegalese Democratic Party||in opposition|
|South Africa||Democratic Alliance||in opposition|
|Spain||Llibertat i Democràcia||Liberal foundation||linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia|
|Sri Lanka||Liberal Party of Sri Lanka||in opposition|
|Sweden||Liberal People's Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Sweden||Centre Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Taiwan||Democratic Progressive Party||in opposition|
|Tanzania||Civic United Front||in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar|
|Thailand||Democrat Party||in opposition|
|United Kingdom||Alliance Party of Northern Ireland||in opposition in the House of Commons / in power-sharing government in the Northern Ireland Assembly|
|United Kingdom||Liberal International British Group||N/A|
|United Kingdom||Liberal Democrats||junior party in government coalition|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Brazil||Brazilian Group of Liberal International||N/A||affiliated to Democratas, Rio Grande do Sul|
|Burma||National League for Democracy||in opposition|
|Chile||Liberal Party of Chile||opposition|
|Colombia||Social Party of National Unity||in government|
|Comoros||Alliance Nationale pour les Comores||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Union pour la Réconstruction du Congo||in opposition|
|Croatia||Istrian Democratic Assembly||junior partner in government coalition|
|Cyprus||United Democrats||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Ethiopia||Ethiopian Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Guatemala||Reform Movement||in opposition|
|Indonesia||Democratic Party||in government|
|Ireland||Fianna Fáil||in opposition|
|Italy||Italian Liberal Group||N/A|
|Malaysia||Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia||junior party in government coalition||Part of the Barisan Nasional|
|Malaysia||People's Justice Party||in opposition||Part of the Pakatan Rakyat|
|Mali||Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali||junior party in government coalition|
|Moldova||Liberal Reformist Party||Part of Pro-European Coalition|
|Montenegro||Liberal Party of Montenegro||in opposition|
|Morocco||National Rally of Independents||junior party in government coalition|
|Mozambique||Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Serbia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Singapore||Singapore Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Spain||Individual Freedom Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Ukraine||Ukraine of the Future||in opposition|
- Africa Liberal Network
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE)
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party)
- Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
- Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
- Fondazione Libro Aperto
- Fondazione Luigi Einaudi
- International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY)
- International Network of Liberal Women
- Swedish International Liberal Centre
- Arab Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (AAFD) (until 2011 Network of Arab Liberals, NAL)
- Neue Zürcher Zeitung
- National Democratic Institute, an organisation with ties to the Democratic Party (United States), though government-sponsored through the National Endowment for Democracy
- Red Liberal de América Latina
Liberal think tanks and foundations
The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:
- Centre Jean Gol (Belgium)
- Fondazione Critica Liberale (Italy)
- Teldersstichting (Netherlands)
- The Bertil Ohlin Institute (Sweden)
- CentreForum (UK)
The International has currently only individual member and founding chairman of Democratic Party (Hong Kong):
- "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Full Members". Liberal-International.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
- "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- (Dutch) VVD is a member of LI
- [dead link]
- (Spanish) "Partido Liberal de Chile ingresa a la Internacional Liberal durante reunión in Guatemala". Partido Liberal de Chile. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
- Liberal International official site
- The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century
- Former LI Vice President Bi-khim Hsiao