Liberal International

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Liberal International
Liberalinternationallogo.JPG
Liberal International logo
Abbreviation LI
Formation April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto
Type Federation
Purpose/focus World federation of liberal political parties and organisations
Headquarters National Liberal Club
Location London
Region served Worldwide
Membership 104 (From October 2009)
President Hans van Baalen
Main organ Congress of Liberal International
Website http://www.liberal-international.org

Liberal International (LI) is a political international federation for liberal political parties. Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

Aims[edit]

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as

"to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles."

The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, free market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]

President of the
Liberal International
HBaalen.jpg
Incumbent
Hans van Baalen

since October, 2009
Residence London
Term length 18 months, renewable twice
Inaugural holder Salvador de Madariaga
1948
Formation Oxford Manifesto
April, 1947
Website http://www.hansvanbaalen.nl

Bureau[edit]

The president of Liberal International is Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament. Immediate past President is Lord Alderdice, a British Liberal Democrat peer who was leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Juli Minoves Triquell, Vice Presidents Abir Al-Sahlani, Dzhevdet Chakarov, Art Eggleton, Tim Harris, Markus Löning, and treasurers Sidi Toure and Robert Woodthorpe Browne. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth. Former Presidents of Liberal International include Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein and German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff.

Publications[edit]

Liberal International has two main publications. The first, LI-news[2] is a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations. The second, Liberal Matters, is a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal theme.

Oxford Manifesto[edit]

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 by representatives from nineteen Liberal political parties at Wadham College in Oxford, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document which describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3] The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Lord William Beveridge. It is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the twentieth century.

Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4]

Members[edit]

Full members[edit]

Country Name Government Notes
 Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra senior party in government coalition
 Angola Liberal Democratic Party[5] in opposition
 Belgium Reform Movement junior party in government coalition
 Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats junior party in government coalition
 Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms junior party in government coalition
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress extraparliamentary opposition
 Burkina Faso Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally junior party in government coalition
 Cambodia Cambodian National Rescue Party[citation needed] in opposition
 Canada Liberal Party of Canada[6] in opposition an affiliated party forms government in the provinces of Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island
 Congo, Democratic Republic of National Alliance of Democrats for Reconstruction in opposition
 Costa Rica Libertarian Movement Party in opposition
 Côte d'Ivoire Rally of the Republicans in government
 Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party extraparliamentary opposition
 Cuba Democratic Solidarity Party in exile
 Cuba Cuban Liberal Union in exile
 Cuba Liberal Party of Cuba in exile
 Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
 Denmark Liberal Party in opposition
 Equatorial Guinea National Democratic Union of Equatorial Guinea in opposition
 Estonia Estonian Reform Party senior party in government coalition
 Finland Centre Party in opposition
 Finland Swedish People's Party junior party in government coalition
 Germany German Group of the LI N/A
 Germany Free Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition until 2013 junior party in a government coalition, in Saxony junior party in a government coalition,
 Gibraltar Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
 Guatemala Patriotic Party senior party in government coalition
 Honduras Liberal Party in opposition
 Iceland Progressive Party in government coalition
 Israel Israeli Liberal Group N/A
 Italy Italian Radicals junior party in government coalition
 Kosovo Liberal Party of Kosovo in opposition
 Lithuania Liberal and Centre Union[7] in opposition
 Luxembourg Democratic Party in government coalition
 Macedonia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
 Madagascar Movement for the Progress of Madagascar in opposition
 Mexico New Alliance Party in opposition
 Mongolia Civil Will-Green Party in opposition
 Montenegro Liberal Party of Montenegro in opposition
 Morocco Constitutional Union in opposition
 Morocco Popular Movement junior party in government coalition
 Netherlands Democrats 66 in opposition
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy[8] senior party in government coalition
 Netherlands Dutch Group of LI N/A
 Norway Liberal Party in opposition
 Paraguay Authentic Radical Liberal Party in opposition
 Philippines Liberal Party in government
 Romania National Liberal Party in government coalition
 Russia Yabloko extraparliamentary opposition
 Senegal Senegalese Democratic Party in opposition
 Slovenia Liberal Democracy of Slovenia extraparliamentary opposition
 South Africa Democratic Alliance in opposition
 Spain Llibertat i Democràcia Liberal foundation linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia[9]
 Sri Lanka Liberal Party of Sri Lanka in opposition
 Sweden Liberal People's Party junior party in government coalition
 Sweden Centre Party junior party in government coalition
  Switzerland FDP.The Liberals[10] in coalition cabinet
 ROC Democratic Progressive Party in opposition
 Tanzania Civic United Front in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
 Thailand Democrat Party in opposition
 United Kingdom Alliance Party of Northern Ireland in opposition in the House of Commons / in power-sharing government in the Northern Ireland Assembly
 United Kingdom Liberal International British Group N/A
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats junior party in government coalition
Countries and dependencies governed by a Liberal International member or observer party (as of April 2010).

Observer and consultative parties[edit]

Country Name Government Notes
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
 Botswana Botswana Movement for Democracy exraparlamentary opposition
 Brazil Brazilian Group of Liberal International N/A affiliated to Democratas, Rio Grande do Sul
 Burma National League for Democracy in opposition
 Burundi Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau in opposition
 Chile Liberal Party of Chile[11] opposition
 Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats[12] junior partner in government coalition
 Colombia Social Party of National Unity[13] in government
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo junior party in government coalition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Union pour la Réconstruction du Congo in opposition
 Egypt Ghad El-Thawra in opposition
 Georgia Republican Party of Georgia in government
 Guatemala Reform Movement in opposition
 Guinea Union of Republican Forces in opposition
 Indonesia Democratic Party in government
 Isle of Man Liberal Vannin Party in opposition
 Italy Alliance for Italy in opposition
 Italy Federation of Italian Liberals in opposition
 Italy Gruppo italiano dell'Internazionale Liberale N/A
 Kosovo Independent Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
 Malaysia Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia junior party in government coalition Part of the Barisan Nasional
 Malaysia People's Justice Party in opposition Part of the Pakatan Rakyat
 Mali Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali junior party in government coalition
 Nicaragua Independent Liberal Party in opposition
 Serbia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
 Singapore Singapore Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition
 Slovenia Zares – Social Liberals extraparliamentary opposition
 Ukraine Ukraine of the Future in opposition

Cooperating organisations[edit]

Liberal think tanks and foundations[edit]

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Partido Liberal Democratico (PLD) - Angola - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  6. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Liberal and Centre Union (L&CU) - Lithuania - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  8. ^ (Dutch) VVD is a member of LI
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "Free Democratic Party (FDP) - Switzerland - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  11. ^ (Spanish) "Partido Liberal de Chile ingresa a la Internacional Liberal durante reunión in Guatemala". Partido Liberal de Chile. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Croatian People's Party (HNS) - Croatia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  13. ^ "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 

External links[edit]