|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (February 2008)|
Liberal International logo
|Formation||April 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto|
|Purpose/focus||World federation of liberal political parties and organisations|
|Headquarters||National Liberal Club|
|Membership||104 (From October 2009)|
|President||Hans van Baalen|
|Main organ||Congress of Liberal International|
Liberal International (LI) is a political international federation for liberal political parties. Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as
"to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles."
The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, free market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.
The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.
|President of the
|Term length||18 months, renewable twice|
|Inaugural holder||Salvador de Madariaga
|Part of a series on|
The president of Liberal International is Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament. Immediate past President is Lord Alderdice, a British Liberal Democrat peer who was leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Juli Minoves Triquell, Vice Presidents Abir Al-Sahlani, Dzhevdet Chakarov, Art Eggleton, Tim Harris, Markus Löning, and treasurers Sidi Toure and Robert Woodthorpe Browne. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth. Former Presidents of Liberal International include Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein and German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff.
Liberal International has two main publications. The first, LI-news is a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations. The second, Liberal Matters, is a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal theme.
The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 by representatives from nineteen Liberal political parties at Wadham College in Oxford, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document which describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International. The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Lord William Beveridge. It is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the twentieth century.
Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.
|Andorra||Liberal Party of Andorra||senior party in government coalition|
|Angola||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Belgium||Reform Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Belgium||Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats||junior party in government coalition|
|Bulgaria||Movement for Rights and Freedoms||junior party in government coalition|
|Bulgaria||National Movement for Stability and Progress||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Burkina Faso||Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally||junior party in government coalition|
|Cambodia||Cambodian National Rescue Party||in opposition|
|Canada||Liberal Party of Canada||in opposition||an affiliated party forms government in the provinces of Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of||National Alliance of Democrats for Reconstruction||in opposition|
|Costa Rica||Libertarian Movement Party||in opposition|
|Côte d'Ivoire||Rally of the Republicans||in government|
|Croatia||Croatian Social Liberal Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Cuba||Democratic Solidarity Party||in exile|
|Cuba||Cuban Liberal Union||in exile|
|Cuba||Liberal Party of Cuba||in exile|
|Denmark||Danish Social Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Denmark||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Equatorial Guinea||National Democratic Union of Equatorial Guinea||in opposition|
|Estonia||Estonian Reform Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Finland||Centre Party||in opposition|
|Finland||Swedish People's Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Germany||German Group of the LI||N/A|
|Germany||Free Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition||until 2013 junior party in a government coalition, in Saxony junior party in a government coalition,|
|Gibraltar||Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Guatemala||Patriotic Party||senior party in government coalition|
|Honduras||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Iceland||Progressive Party||in government coalition|
|Israel||Israeli Liberal Group||N/A|
|Italy||Italian Radicals||junior party in government coalition|
|Kosovo||Liberal Party of Kosovo||in opposition|
|Lithuania||Liberal and Centre Union||in opposition|
|Luxembourg||Democratic Party||in government coalition|
|Macedonia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Madagascar||Movement for the Progress of Madagascar||in opposition|
|Mexico||New Alliance Party||in opposition|
|Mongolia||Civil Will-Green Party||in opposition|
|Montenegro||Liberal Party of Montenegro||in opposition|
|Morocco||Constitutional Union||in opposition|
|Morocco||Popular Movement||junior party in government coalition|
|Netherlands||Democrats 66||in opposition|
|Netherlands||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||senior party in government coalition|
|Netherlands||Dutch Group of LI||N/A|
|Norway||Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Paraguay||Authentic Radical Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Philippines||Liberal Party||in government|
|Romania||National Liberal Party||in government coalition|
|Senegal||Senegalese Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Slovenia||Liberal Democracy of Slovenia||extraparliamentary opposition|
|South Africa||Democratic Alliance||in opposition|
|Spain||Llibertat i Democràcia||Liberal foundation||linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia|
|Sri Lanka||Liberal Party of Sri Lanka||in opposition|
|Sweden||Liberal People's Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Sweden||Centre Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Switzerland||FDP.The Liberals||in coalition cabinet|
|ROC||Democratic Progressive Party||in opposition|
|Tanzania||Civic United Front||in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar|
|Thailand||Democrat Party||in opposition|
|United Kingdom||Alliance Party of Northern Ireland||in opposition in the House of Commons / in power-sharing government in the Northern Ireland Assembly|
|United Kingdom||Liberal International British Group||N/A|
|United Kingdom||Liberal Democrats||junior party in government coalition|
Observer and consultative parties
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Botswana||Botswana Movement for Democracy||exraparlamentary opposition|
|Brazil||Brazilian Group of Liberal International||N/A||affiliated to Democratas, Rio Grande do Sul|
|Burma||National League for Democracy||in opposition|
|Burundi||Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau||in opposition|
|Chile||Liberal Party of Chile||opposition|
|Croatia||Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats||junior partner in government coalition|
|Colombia||Social Party of National Unity||in government|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo||junior party in government coalition|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Union pour la Réconstruction du Congo||in opposition|
|Egypt||Ghad El-Thawra||in opposition|
|Georgia||Republican Party of Georgia||in government|
|Guatemala||Reform Movement||in opposition|
|Guinea||Union of Republican Forces||in opposition|
|Indonesia||Democratic Party||in government|
|Isle of Man||Liberal Vannin Party||in opposition|
|Italy||Alliance for Italy||in opposition|
|Italy||Federation of Italian Liberals||in opposition|
|Italy||Gruppo italiano dell'Internazionale Liberale||N/A|
|Kosovo||Independent Liberal Party||junior party in government coalition|
|Malaysia||Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia||junior party in government coalition||Part of the Barisan Nasional|
|Malaysia||People's Justice Party||in opposition||Part of the Pakatan Rakyat|
|Mali||Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali||junior party in government coalition|
|Nicaragua||Independent Liberal Party||in opposition|
|Serbia||Liberal Democratic Party||in opposition|
|Singapore||Singapore Democratic Party||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Slovenia||Zares – Social Liberals||extraparliamentary opposition|
|Ukraine||Ukraine of the Future||in opposition|
- Africa Liberal Network
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe of the Council of Europe (ALDE)
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party)
- Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
- Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
- Fondazione Libro Aperto
- Fondazione Luigi Einaudi
- International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY)
- International Network of Liberal Women
- The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE)
- Swedish International Liberal Centre
- Arab Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (AAFD) (until 2011 Network of Arab Liberals, NAL)
- Neue Zürcher Zeitung
- National Democratic Institute, an organisation with ties to the Democratic Party (United States), though government-sponsored through the National Endowment for Democracy
- Red Liberal de América Latina
Liberal think tanks and foundations
The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:
- Centre Jean Gol (Belgium)
- Fondazione Critica Liberale (Italy)
- Teldersstichting (Netherlands)
- The Bertil Ohlin Institute (Sweden)
- CentreForum (UK)
- "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- "Partido Liberal Democratico (PLD) - Angola - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- "Liberal and Centre Union (L&CU) - Lithuania - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- (Dutch) VVD is a member of LI
- [dead link]
- "Free Democratic Party (FDP) - Switzerland - Full Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- (Spanish) "Partido Liberal de Chile ingresa a la Internacional Liberal durante reunión in Guatemala". Partido Liberal de Chile. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Croatian People's Party (HNS) - Croatia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- Liberal International official site
- The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century
- Former LI Vice President Bi-khim Hsiao