Politics of Bristol
The city of Bristol, England, is a unitary authority, represented by four MPs representing seats wholly within the city boundaries. As well as these, Filton and Bradley Stoke covers the northern urban fringe in South Gloucestershire and the north eastern urban fringe is in the Kingswood constituency. The overall trend of both local and national representation became left of centre, favouring the Labour Party and Liberal Democrats during the latter 20th century, but there was a shift to the right in the 2010 general election (although this was not reflected in the local elections). The city has a tradition of local activism, with environmental issues and sustainable transport being prominent issues in the city. The most recent City council elections were in May 2013. On 3 May 2012, Bristol held a referendum to decide whether the city should have a directly elected mayor to replace the leader elected by councillors. The result was announced on 4 May. 41,032 voted for an elected mayor and 35,880 voted against, with a turnout of 24%. An election for the new post was held on 15 November 2012, with Independent candidate George Ferguson becoming Mayor of Bristol.
The City of Bristol is a ceremonial county governed by a unitary authority; Bristol City Council. The city is divided into 35 wards, which each elect two councillors for a four-year term. One third of the councillors are elected three years in four, but as only one councillor from any ward stands at a time, two-thirds of wards are competed each election.
The full council of 70 councillors has ultimate responsibility for establishing the decision making process and approving the Council's budget and policy framework. The council meets at the City Hall (known as the Council House up until 2012). Full meetings are chaired by the Lord Mayor, a largely ceremonial role that does not hold direct power. The Lord Mayor is a councillor, elected annually in May by the council members.
The elected mayor (not the Lord Mayor) acts as leader of the cabinet and appoints up to seven councillors as members (six were appointed as of May 2013). The cabinet is responsible for most day-to-day decisions though the elected Mayor retains the right to override cabinet votes.
Composition and control
The Council has long been dominated by the Labour Party, but recently the Liberal Democrat party has grown strong in the city and took minority control of the Council between the 2005 and 2007 elections. After the 2007 elections, the Labour, Conservative and Green parties then joined forces to oust them and install a minority Labour administration. The Lord Mayor for 2012–2013 is Liberal Democrat councillor Peter Main. In October 2008 the Liberal Democrats won a seat from Labour in a by-election caused by the death of the sitting councillor. On 24 February 2009 the minority Labour administration resigned following a defeat over plans to build an incinerator in Avonmouth, and the Liberal Democrats resumed control.
In 2009, the election resulted in the Liberal Democrats taking overall majority control of Bristol City Council for the first time. In 2010 they increased their representation to 38 seats giving them a majority of 6. In 2011, they lost their majority and the council is now hung. The 2013 local elections, in which a third of the city's wards were up for election, saw Labour gain 7 seats and the Green party double their seats from 2 to 4 while the Liberal Democrats suffered a loss of 10 seats. These trends were continued into the next election in May 2014, in which Labour gained 3 seats to take their total to 31, the Green party built on their success by winning 2 more seats, the Conservative party gained 1 seat and UKIP won their first ever seat on the council. In another damaging result, the Liberal Democrats lost a further 7 seats.
For details on the history of Bristol local politics, see History of Bristol City Council.
|Conservative Party||Green Party||Independents for Bristol||Labour Party||Liberal Democrats||UKIP||Total|
|Mayor, Transport Portfolio||George Ferguson||Independent|
|Deputy Mayor, Cabinet Member for Transport, Planning, Strategic Housing and Regeneration||Mark Bradshaw||Labour Party|
|Cabinet Member for Leisure, Tourism, Licensing and Community Safety||Simon Cook||Liberal Democrats|
|Deputy Mayor, Cabinet Member for Finance and Corporate Services||Geoff Gollop||Conservative|
|Cabinet Member for Neighbourhoods, Environment and Council Housing||Gus Hoyt||Green Party|
|Cabinet Member for Health and Social Care||Barbara Janke||Liberal Democrats|
|Cabinet Member for Children, Young People and Education||Brenda Massey||Labour Party|
|chief executive||Jan Ormondroyd||non-partisan|
|Ward||Name||Party||Seat up for re-election||Notes|
|Ashley||Rob Telford||Green Party||2017|
|Ashley||Gus Hoyt||Green Party||2015||Cabinet Member|
|Bedminster||Mark Bradshaw||Labour||2014||Cabinet Member|
|Bishopston||Daniella Radice||Green Party||2017|
|Bishopston||Dr David Willingham||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Brislington East||Mike Langley||Labour||2015|
|Brislington East||Mike Wollacott||Labour||2014|
|Brislington West||Peter Main||Liberal Democrats||2014||Lord Mayor|
|Brislington West||Jackie Norman||Liberal Democrats||2015|
|Cabot||Dr Mark Wright||Liberal Democrats||2017|
|Cabot||Alex Woodman||Liberal Democrats||2015|
|Clifton||Charles James Hastings Lucas||Conservative||2017|
|Clifton||Barbara Janke||Liberal Democrats||2015||Cabinet Member|
|Clifton East||Christian Martin||Liberal Democrats||2015|
|Clifton East||Simon Cook||Liberal Democrats||2017||Cabinet Member|
|Cotham||Anthony Negus||Liberal Democrats||2017|
|Cotham||Neil Harrison||Liberal Democrats||2015|
|Frome Vale||Lesley Alexander||Conservative||2015|
|Frome Vale||Bill Payne||Labour||2017|
|Henbury||Mark Weston||Conservative||2014||Conservative Group Deputy Leader|
|Hengrove||Sylvia Doubell||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Henleaze||Clare Campion-Smith||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Henleaze||Glenise Morgan||Liberal Democrats||2017|
|Horfield||Claire Michelle Hiscott||Conservative||2017|
|Horfield||Peter Levy||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Kingsweston||Jason Budd||Independents for Bristol||2017|
|Kingsweston||Tim Leaman||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Knowle||Christopher Davies||Liberal Democrats||2015|
|Knowle||Gary Hopkins||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Lawrence Hill||Margaret Hickman||Labour||2015|
|Lawrence Hill||Brenda Hugill||Labour||2017|
|Lockleaze||Sean Emmett||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Redland||Fi Hance||Liberal Democrats||2017|
|Redland||Sylvia Townsend||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Southmead||Brenda Massey||Labour||2017||Cabinet Member|
|Southville||Tess Green||Green Party||2014||Green Group Leader|
|St George East||Fabian Breckels||Labour||2015|
|St George East||Steve Pearce||Labour||2017|
|St George West||Ron Stone||Labour||2017|
|St George West||Peter Hammond||Labour||2015||Labour group leader|
|Stoke Bishop||Peter Abraham||Conservative||2017||Conservative Group leader|
|Stoke Bishop||John Goulandris||Conservative||2014|
|Westbury-on-Trym||Geoff Gollop OBE||Conservative||2017||Deputy Mayor, Cabinet Member|
|Whitchurch Park||Timothy Kent||Liberal Democrats||2014||Lib Dem Group Leader|
|Whitchurch Park||Helen Holland||Labour||2015||Labour Group Leader|
|Windmill Hill||Alf Havvock||Liberal Democrats||2014|
|Windmill Hill||Mark Bailey||Liberal Democrats||2015|
Bristol has 4 Westminster constituencies (West, East, South and North-west), and parts of the built-up area outside the administrative city are also covered by the Filton and Bradley Stoke and Kingswood constituencies which are in South Gloucestershire.
|Bristol East||Kerry McCarthy||Labour Party|
|Bristol North West||Charlotte Leslie||Conservative Party|
|Bristol South||Dawn Primarolo||Labour Party|
|Bristol West||Stephen Williams||Liberal Democrat|
|Constituencies in Greater Bristol, but outside the city boundary|
|Filton and Bradley Stoke||Jack Lopresti||Conservative Party|
|Kingswood||Chris Skidmore||Conservative Party|
Being in the South West England region for the European Parliament, Bristol currently elects six Members of the European Parliament. Currently, two MEPs come from the Conservative Party, two from the UK Independence Party, one from the Labour Party and one from the Green Party
The last election to the European Parliament from the South West was held on 22nd May 2014.
|Member||Party||European Party Group|
|Molly Scott Cato||Green||Green/EFA|
|Julia Reid||UKIP||Europe of Freedom and Democracy|
|Clare Moody||Labour Party||Socialist and Democrats|
|Julie Girling||Conservative||European Conservatives and Reformists|
|William, Earl of Dartmouth||UKIP||Europe of Freedom and Democracy|
|Ashley Fox||Conservative||European Conservatives and Reformists|
- 2010 United Kingdom general election results in Bristol
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Avon
- Politics of the United Kingdom
- History of local government in Bristol
- "Sustainability: CREATE Centre". Bristol City Council. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "The City of Bristol Mayoral Referendum result". Bristol City Council. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Directly Elected Mayor – What does it mean for Bristol?". Bristol City Council. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Decision Making at Bristol City Council". Bristol City Council. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- "Lord Mayor of Bristol". Bristol City Council. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- Staff writer (22 May 2007). "Bristol: Council leader battle resolved". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- Staff writer (24 February 2009). "Lib Dems take over as Labour quits Bristol City Council". Bristol Evening Post (Bristol News and Media). Retrieved 25 February 2009.
- "Local Election Results 2010". Bristol City Council. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Vote 2013: Results for Bristol". BBC. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Liberal Democrats lose out in Bristol elections". BBC. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- "Bristol City Council cabinet final members announced". BBC. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bristol City Council.|
- Bristol City Council
- Parties: Conservative, Green, Labour, Liberal Democrat
- OpenlyLocal page on Bristol City Council